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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #0817 - אָשָׁם
1) guilt, offense, guiltiness
1a) offense, trespass, fault
1b) guilt, guiltiness
1c) compensation (for offense)
1d) trespass offering, guilt offering
Nm) ms (סהמ ShM) - I. Breath:The breath of a man is character, what makes one what he is. The name of an individual is more than an identifier but descriptive of his character or breath. II. There:Used to identify another place. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Sky:The place of the winds. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Only used in the masculine plural form, mimsor nimsin Aramaic] IV. Aroma: A sweet aroma that is carried on the wind or breath. [df: Mo] KJV (1365): name, renown, fame, famous, heaven, air, sweet, there - Strongs: H5561 (סַם), H8033 (שָׁם), H8034 (שֵׁם), H8036 (שֻׁם), H8064 (שָׁמֶה), H8065 (שְׁמַיִן), H8536 (תַּמָּה)
Nf1 ) ems (סהמה ShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (39): astonishment, desolation, desolate, waste, wonderful - Strongs: H8047 (שַׁמָּה)
kf1) emsm (מסהמה MShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (7): desolate, astonishment - Strongs: H4923 (מְשַׁמָּה)
B) mms (סהממ ShMM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. One in horror or in astonishment is one dried up in the inside.
V) mms (סהממ ShMM) - Desolate: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (93): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) desolate, astonish, waste, destroy, wonder, amaze - Strongs: H8074 (שָׁמֵם), H8075 (שְׁמַם)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אָשָׁם with suff. אֲשָׁמוֹ Pl. with suff. אֲשָׁמָיו fault, guilt, blame, which any one incurs, Genesis 26:10; Jeremiah 51:5. Hence
(1) that by which any one contracts guilt, Numbers 5:7,.
(2) sacrifice for transgression, 1 Samuel 6:3, seq.; 2 Kings 12:17; Isaiah 53:10; Ezekiel 40:39. In the Mosaic law there is a careful distinction between these sacrifices for trespass (אֲשָׁמִים), and sacrifices for sin (חַטָּאוֹת). Not only were the ceremonies used in the two cases different (see -Lev. 5:126, Engl. Ver. -119 ; and -6:17 ; -7:17 ; compare -4:135 ; -6:1723, Engl. Ver. -2430 ), but in one and the same offering both kinds of victims were sometimes joined (as Leviticus 14:10, seq.; Numbers 6:12, seq.; comp. -Lev. 5:710 ); and the particular faults or sins which were to be expiated by the one or the other offering are carefully laid down in the law (see Levit. 5:15 -12:24 ; -19:2022 ; Numbers 6:11, 12 ); although the exact difference between each kind of sin has hitherto been vainly inquired[?]. See Joseph. Antiquit. iii. 9, § 3 Philo, De Victimis, ii. page 247; Mang., Rosenm. on Leviticus 5:6 Carpzov, Antiquit. S. Cod. page 707, seq.
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