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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #08056 - שָׂמֵחַ
1) joyful, merry, glad
1a) joyful, showing joy
1b) you who rejoice (substantive)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׂמֵחַ fut. יִשְׂמַת to rejoice, to be glad. (The primary idea appears to be that of a joyful and cheerful countenance, Proverbs 13:9, compare Arab. سمح to be clement, liberal, mild, see Schult. on Har. Cons. ii. p. 100; iii. p. 146; but its use is more widely extended, and it is even used for louder expressions of joy, as of those who make merry with wine, 1 Kings 4:20; Ecclesiastes 8:15 and who utter merry cries, see שִׂמְחָה No. 2, 3. The primary idea is similar of the verb נָהַר No. II. Other verbs of rejoicing prop. designate merry voices, as עָלַץ, עָלַכ, עָלַז, ἀλαλάζω, or have the force of leaping for joy, as גִּיל. And this latter is stronger than שָׂמַח, see Job 3:22.) Ecclesiastes 3:12. It is often applied to the heart, Psalms 16:9, 33:21 Proverbs 23:15 once to a light (see above, as to the primary idea), Proverbs 13:9, “the light of the righteous” יִשְׂמַח i.e. shall shine, as it were, with joyful brightness. Constr. followed by בְּ1 Samuel 2:1; Psalms 122:1 עַל Isaiah 9:16, 39:2 Jonah 4:6 מִן Proverbs 5:18 (where several MSS. have בְּ), with any thing; followed by בִּי Nehemiah 12:43 but followed by לְ specially to rejoice at another’s misfortune, or destruction, Psalms 35:19, 24 Psalms 35:24, 38:17 Isaiah 14:8; Micah 7:8. There is often said, שָׂמַח בַּיהוָֹה to rejoice concerning Jehovah, because of aid to be expected from him, and because of his protection, Ps. 9:3 32:11 97:12 104:34 שָׂמַח לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה to rejoice before Jehovah, said of those who held sacred feasts in the courts of the sanctuary, Leviticus 23:40; Deuteronomy 12:7, 12 Deuteronomy 12:12, 18 Deuteronomy 12:18, 14:26 (compare Isaiah 9:2).
Piel, שִׂמַּח to gladden, to make joyful, Deuteronomy 24:5; Proverbs 27:11 used of joy felt at the ills of others, followed by לְ Psalms 30:2 followed by עַל Lamentations 2:17 מִן 2 Chronicles 20:27.
Hiphil, i.q. Piel, Psalms 89:43.
[Derivatives, the two following words.]
שָׂמֵחַ fem. שְׂמֵחָה verbal adj. rejoicing, joyful, Deuteronomy 16:15 followed by מִן concerning any thing, Ecclesiastes 2:10 followed by a gerund. Proverbs 2:14, שְׂמֵחִים לַעֲשׂוֹת רַע “those who rejoice to do evil.” Pl. constr. once שְׂמֵחֵי Psalms 35:26 elsewhere שִׂמְחֵי Isaiah 24:7, etc.
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