the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #07621 - שְׁבוּעָה
1) oath, curse
1a1) attesting of innocence
1b) oath (of Jehovah)
2808) obs (סהבאה ShBAh) AC: Swear CO: Oath AB: ?: Literally to seven oneself. A common practice was to make seven declarations when making an oath. This declaration can be making the oath seven times or doing seven things to show the sincerity of the oath. (eng: seven, an exchange of the s and sh)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 of man:
a. attesting innocence Exodus 22:10 (E), friendship 2 Samuel 21:7, promise 1 Kings 2:43 (after שָׁמַר keep; all ׳שְׁבֻעַת י oath to to (׳י); innocence also Numbers 5:21 a; friendship Nehemiah 6:18 (לוֺ׳בַּעֲלֵישׁ), promise Leviticus 5:4; of vow ("" נדר) Numbers 30:3; Numbers 30:11; Numbers 30:14 (שְׁבֻעַת אִסָּר), Joshua 9:20 (all P), Nehemiah 10:30 ("" אָלָה), Ecclesiastes 9:2, of covenant with ׳י 2 Chronicles 15:15, שְׁבוּעַת אֱלֹהִים Ecclesiastes 8:2 (probably of oath of allegiance to king), שְׁבֻעַת שֶׁקֶר Zechariah 8:17; of threat Judges 21:5; 1 Samuel 14:26 (ᵐ5׳שְׁבֻעַת י); keep, discharge the oath is ׳הֵקִים הַשּׁ Genesis 26:3 (J), Jeremiah 11:5; ׳נָקָה מִשׁ be free, exempt from an oath Genesis 24:8 (J), compare Joshua 2:17,20.
b. = curse, Isaiah 65:15 and ("" אָלָה) Numbers 5:21 (P), Daniel 9:11.
2 oath of ׳י, in promise, Deuteronomy 7:8 (שָׁמַר in rel. clause), "" covenant (בְּרִית), שְׁבוּעַתוֺ לְיִצְחָק Psalm 105:9 = 1 Chronicles 16:16. — שְׁבֻעוֺת מַטּוֺת Habakkuk 3:9 very dubious: AV oaths of the tribes; oaths, rods of the word, Hi-St; sworn (passive participle שְׁבַע) were the rods ( = chastisements) of (thy) word, Ges Hi RVm; heptads of spears Ew, compare Da; text probably corrupt, Now proposes שִׂבַּעְתָּ (אַשְׁמָּֽתְךָׅ thou hast sated with shafts thy quiver; Marti (after ᵐ5 Manuscripts) thy bow was satiated with shafts; GASm thou gluttest (?) thy shafts. — Ezekiel 21:28 see √.
שְׁבוּעָה & שְׁבֻעָה fem. (from the verb שָׁבַע), an oath, Genesis 26:3, 24:8. שְׁבֻעַת יְהֹוָה an oath by Jehovah, Exodus 22:10; Ecclesiastes 8:2 also, followed by a genit. of the swearer, Psalms 105:9 and of the person sworn to, שְׁבֻעָתִי the oath sworn to me, Genesis 24:8. נִשְׁבַּע שְׁבֻעַה to swear an oath, Genesis 26:3; Joshua 9:20. Specially
(a) of an oath sworn in making a covenant, a covenant confirmed by an oath, 2 Samuel 21:7. בַּעֲלֵי שְׁבוּעָה לְ joined in league with any one. LXX. ἔνορκοι, Nehemiah 6:18.
(b) an oath of execration, execration, imprecation; fully שְׁבוּעַת הָאָלָה Numbers 5:21; Daniel 9:11; Isaiah 65:15.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.