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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #06865 - צוֹר
Tyre or Tyrus = “a rock”
1) the Phoenician city on the Mediterranean coast
צוֹר , צֹר (“rock,” i.q. צוּר), pr.n. Tyre (Greek Τύρος, from the Aramean form טֻרָא, ܛܘܪܐ), a city of the Phœnicians, celebrated for its traffic, and very rich; the more ancient part of it, which was strongly fortified, afterward called Palætyrus (מִבְצַר צֹר 2 Samuel 24:7, and עִיר מִבְצַר צֹר Joshua 19:29), was situated on the main land, the later city on an opposite island, see Isaiah 23:4; Ezekiel 26:17, 27:4, 25 Ezekiel 27:25 comp. Menand. Ephes. in Josephus, Archæol. ix. 14, § 2; viii. 2, § 7; and as to the history of the city, see my Comment. on Isa. i. page 707, seqq. The domestic name צר is found-besides the Old Test. 2 Samuel 5:11; 1 Kings 5:15, 7:13 Psalms 45:13; Ezekiel 26:2 the inscriptions of the coins struck at Tyre in the time of the Seleucidæ, either briefly לצר (לְצֹר Τύρου), or more fully לצר אם צדנם (לְצֹר אֵם צִדֹנִם of Tyre, the metropolis of the Sidonians, sc. money); see Mionnet, Descr. des Médailles, t. v. p1. 23, 24; Kopp, Bilder u. Schriften der Vorzeit, ii. page 212. At present the ruins of the ancient city, called صور are situated on a peninsula, from Alexander the Great having joined the island to the shore by an embankment. Gent. צֹרִי, which see.
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