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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #06491 - פָּקַח
1) to open (the eyes)
1a1) to open (the eyes)
1a2) to open (the ears)
1b) (Niphal) to be opened
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳פ Job 27:19; 2 masculine singular מָּקַחְתָּ Job 14:3; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּפְקַח Genesis 21:19 +; 1 singular אֶפְקַח Zechariah 12:4; Imperative masculine singular מְּקַח 2 Kings 6:17 +, so Daniel 9:18 Qr (Kt פקחה); Infinitive absolute מָּקוֺחַ Isaiah 42:20; construct לִפְקֹחַ Isaiah 42:7; Participle active מֹּקֵחַ Psalm 146:8; passive feminine plural מְּקֻחוֺת Jeremiah 32:19; —
1 open eyes:
a. one's own 2 Kings 4:35; Job 27:19; Proverbs 20:13; 2 Kings 19:16 = Isaiah 37:17; Daniel 9:18; + עַל Jeremiah 32:19; Zechariah 12:4; Job 14:3.
b. eyes of others Genesis 21:19; 2 Kings 6:17 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 6:20 (twice in verse); Isaiah 42:7; Psalm 146:8; — for details see עַיִן
1j. 2. open ears = hear Isaiah 42:20 (without understanding; figurative of Israel).
Niph`al Perfect 3 plural consecutive וְנִפְקְחוּ Genesis 3:5; Imperfect 3 feminine plural תִּמָּקַחְנָה Isaiah 35:5, ׳וַתּ Genesis 3:7; — be opened, of eyes; figurative, so as to know good and evil Genesis 3:5,7; opposed to blindness (figurative) Isaiah 35:5.
פָּקַח to open, specially with עֵינַיִם the eyes, 2 Kings 4:35, 19:16 Job 27:19, etc.; once used of the ears (Isaiah 42:20). To open (one’s) eyes upon any one (followed by עַלּ) is to observe him diligently, Job 14:3 to care for him, Zechariah 12:4. Absol. to open the eyes, or to have them open, i.q. to be vigilant, diligent, opp. to lazy, drowsy, Proverbs 20:13. Elsewhere God is said to open any one’s eyes, in a double sense
(a) to restore sight to the blind, 2 Kings 6:17, 20 2 Kings 6:20; Psalms 146:8; Isaiah 42:7.
(b) to enable to see things, which otherwise are hidden from the eyes of mortals, Genesis 21:19 compare Niphal.
Niphal, to be opened (used of the eyes), Isaiah 35:5. Metaph. Genesis 3:5,.
Derived nouns, פֶּקַח-פְּקַח־קוֹחַ.