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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02664 - חָפַשׂ
1) to search, search for, to search out, disguise oneself
1a1) to search for
1a2) to think out, devise
1a3) to search, test
1b) (Niphal) to be searched out, be exposed
1c) (Piel) to search, search through, search for
1d) (Pual) to be searched for, be sought out
1e1) to disguise oneself
1e2) to let oneself be searched for
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect 2 masculine singular suffix תַּחְמְּשֶׂ֫נָּה Proverbs 2:4; יַחְמְּשׂוּ Psalm 64:7; נַחְמְּשָׂה Lamentations 3:40; Participle חֹפֵשׂ Proverbs 20:27; — search, search out, figurative;
1 search for, object בִּינָה etc. Proverbs 2:4 ("" בקשׁ).
2 = think out, devise, with accusative עולות unjust acts Psalm 64:7 (compare also sub. Pu`al)
3 search = test, Lamentations 3:40 (object דרכינו; "" חקר), Proverbs 20:27.
Niph`al Perfect נַחְמְּשׁוּ Obadiah 6 subject עֵשָׂו collective; searched out = exposed and plundered ("" נִבְעוּ מַצְמּוּנָיו).
Pi`el Perfect וְחִמַּשְׂתִּ֫י 1 Samuel 23:23; וְחִמְּשׂוּ 1 Kings 20:6; Imperfect וַיְחַמֵּשׂ Genesis 31:35 2t.; אֲחַמֵּשׂ Amos 9:3; Zephaniah 1:12; Imperative חַמְּשׂוּ 2 Kings 10:23; —
1 search through, with accusative, a house 1 Kings 20:6, Jerusalem (metaphor) Zephaniah 1:12; no object expressed 2 Kings 10:23.
2 search for:
a. a person with accusative 1 Samuel 23:23.
b. a thing, with accusative Genesis 44:12 (J; Joseph searching for his cup); Genesis 31:35 (E; no object expressed, Laban looking for his teraphim); Amos 9:3 (׳י searching for evildoers), Psalm 77:7 (soul searching to understand ׳י s dealings with his servants).
Pu`al Imperfect יְחֻמַּשׂ Proverbs 28:12 be searched for = be hidden; Participle מְחֻמָּשׂ Psalm 64:7 in ׳חֵפֶשׂ מ = a searched out search, i.e. a device well thought out (compare Che; ""
Qal q. v.); see also חֵ֫פֶשׂ.
Hithpa`el Perfect הִתְחַמֵּשׂ 2 Chronicles 35:22 (but ᵐ5הִתְחַזֵּק, compare also ᵑ9ᵑ6 3Esdr 1:26; so Be Öttli); Imperfect יִתְחַמֵּשׂ Job 30:18; וַיִּתְחַמֵּשׂ 1 Samuel 28:8 3t.; Infinitive absolute הִתְחַמֵּשׂ 1 Kings 22:30 2 Chronicles 18:29; — disguise oneself (literally let oneself be searched for) 1 Samuel 28:8; 1 Kings 22:30 (twice in verse) = 2 Chronicles 18:29 (twice in verse), 2 Chronicles 35:22 (but see above), all of disguise by change of garments; 1 Kings 20:38 באפר i.e. with headgear over eyes; subject לבושׂ Job 30:18, i.e. his garment is disguised, no longer looks like the mantle it is.
חָפַשׂ to search for [“LXX. σκάλλω, Psalms 76:7. Ch. and Sam. חֲפַס, id. Kindred perhaps to חָפַר, the ר and ש being interchanged”]. Always in Kal metaph. to seek out, e.g. wisdom. Proverbs 2:4 comp. Proverbs 20:7. Psalms 64:7, יַחְפְּשׂוּ עוֹלוֹת “they devise wicked things.” (In Chald. and Sam. the proper sense is that of digging the ground, searching in the earth, comp. חָפַר No. I. 2.)
Niphal pass. to be sought out, Obadiah 1:6.
Piel, to search, Genesis 31:35, 44:12 followed by an acc. 1 Samuel 23:23 to search through, 1 Kings 20:6; Zephaniah 1:12. Metaph. once Psalms 77:7, וַיְחַפֵּשׂ רוּחִי “and my spirit made diligent search.”
(1) to be sought, hence to let one’s self be sought for; to hide one’s self, Proverbs 28:12 compare verse 28 Proverbs 28:28 and Hithpael.
(2) to be devised, Psalms 64:7.
Hithpael, properly to allow one’s self to be sought for; to hide one’s self (see Pual No. 1), hence to feign one’s self to be another, to disguise one’s self. 1 Samuel 28:8. 1 Kings 20:38, וַיִּתְחַפֵּשׂ בָּֽאֲפֵר עַל־עֵינָיו “and he disguised himself, having a bandage over his eyes.” 1 Kings 22:30. Job 30:18, בְּרָב־כֹּחַ יִתְחַפֵּשׂ לְבוּשִׁי “by (its) great power my garment (i.e. skin) is changed,” comp. verse 19 Job 30:19.