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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #940 - βασκαίνω

akin to (G5335)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to speak ill of one, to slander, traduce him
  2. to bring evil on one by feigning praise or an evil eye
  3. to charm, to bewitch
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7489 ‑ רָעַע (raw‑ah');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Galatians 1
NAS (1)
Galatians 1
HCS (1)
Galatians 1
BSB (1)
Galatians 1
ESV (1)
Galatians 1
WEB (1)
Galatians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βασκ-αίνω, fut. -ᾰνῶ LXX De. 28.56: aor. ἐβάσκηνα Philostr. (v. infr.), -ᾱνα Arist. Pr. 926b24: Pass., aor. ἐβασκάνθην (v. infr.):

I bewitch by the evil eye, etc., Arist. l.c., LXX Deuteronomy 28:56 : metaph., Galatians 3:1; ἐβάσκηνε πάντα.. τύχη Hdn. 2.4.5: Pass., ὡς μὴ βασκανθῶσι Arist. Fr. 347; ὡς μὴ βασκανθῶ τρὶς ἔπτυσα Theoc. 6.39.

II c. acc.,

1. malign, disparage, Pherecr. 174, D. 8.19; ἄν τι δύσκολον συμβαίνῃ τοῦτο βασκαίνει Id. 18.189; εἰσίν τινες.. οὓ τὸ βασκαίνειν τπέφει Dionys.Com. 11: Pass., ὑπὸ τῶν ἀντιτέχνων βασκανθῆναι Str. 14.2.7.

2. c. dat., envy, grudge, D. 20.24, etc.; τινί τινος grudge one a thing, D.Chr. 78.37, Philostr. VA 6.12; τινὶ ἐπί τινι D.Chr. 78.25: abs., Luc. Nav. 17: τινός keep to oneself, Id. Philops. 35.

3. c. acc. et inf., μὴ βασκήνας γελάσαι καὶ ἄλλον Ael. VH 14.20.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βασκαίνω: 1 aorist ἐβασκανα, on which form cf. Winers Grammar, (75 (72)); 83 (80); (Buttmann, 41 (35); Lob. ad Phryn., p. 25f; Paralip., p. 21f); (βάζω, βάσκω (φάσκω) to speak, talk); τινα (Winer's Grammar, 223 (209));

1. to speak ill of one, to slander, traduce him (Demosthenes 8, 19 (94, 19); Aelian v. h. 2, 13, etc.).

2. to bring evil on one by feigned praise or an evil eye, to charm, bewitch one (Aristotle, probl. 20, 34 (p. 926{b}, 24); Theocritus, 6, 39; Aelian nat. an. 1, 35); hence, of those who lead away others into error by wicked arts (Diodorus 4, 6): Galatians 3:1. Cf. Schott (or Lightfoot) at the passage; Lob. ad Phryn., p. 462.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βασκαίνω ,

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 28:54; Deuteronomy 28:56 (H7489) Sirach 14:6-8 *;]

1. to slander (Dem.).

2. to blight by the evil eye, to fascinate, bewitch: Galatians 3:1.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The popular belief in the power of the evil eye (cf. Deuteronomy 28:54, Sirach 14:6; Sirach 14:8), underlying the Pauline metaphor in Galatians 3:1, is well illustrated by the common formulas in closing greetings, e.g. P Oxy II. 292.12 (c. A.D. 25) (= Selections, p. 38) πρὸ δὲ πάντων ὑγιάνειν (= -αίνειν ) σε εὔχ [ο ]μαι ἀβασκάντως τὰ ἄριστα πράττων , ";but above all I pray that you may be in health unharmed by the evil eye and faring prosperously,"; ib. VI. 930.28 (ii/iii A.D.) ἀσπάζονταί σε πολλὰ αἱ ἀδελφαί σου καὶ τὰ ἀβάσκαντα παιδία Θεωνίδος , and similarly P Fay 126.10, P Lips I. 108.9 (both ii/iii A.D.). Cf. the opening salutation in BGU III. 811.4 (between A.D. 98 and 103) πρὼ (i.e. πρὸ ) μὲν πάντων ἀναγκαῖον δι᾽ ἐπιστολῆ [ς ] σε ἀσπάσεσθαι καὶ τὰ ἀβάσκαντα [δ ]οῦ [ν ]αι . For the subst. βασκανία (as Wisdom of Solomon 4:12) cf. the new compound προβασκανία in the vi/A.D. Christian amulet edited by Wilcken Archiv i. p. 431 ff. (= Selections, p. 132 ff.)—.7 ff. ὅπως διώξῃς ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ τοῦ δούλου σου τὸν δαίμονα προβασκανίας , ";that thou mayst drive from me thy servant the demon of witchcraft."; The adj. βάσκανος is found in Vettius Valens, pp. 22, 358.5, and in IosPE i. 22.31 (Minns, p. 644) ὑπὸ τοῦ βασκάνου δαίμονος ἀφῃρέθη . The relation of the word to the certainly identical Lat. fascinum is accounted for by the consideration that a word of magic was likely to be borrowed by Greek from Thracian or Illyrian, where original bh (Lat. f) passed into b : see Walde Lat. etym. Wörterbuch, s.v.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βασκανεί βάσκανος βασκάνω βάσταγμα βαστάγματα εβασκανεν ἐβάσκανεν ebaskanen ebáskanen
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