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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #940 - βασκαίνω

akin to (G5335)
Parts of Speech
  1. to speak ill of one, to slander, traduce him
  2. to bring evil on one by feigning praise or an evil eye
  3. to charm, to bewitch
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7489 ‑ רָעַע (raw‑ah');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βασκ-αίνω, fut. -ᾰνῶ LXX De. 28.56: aor. ἐβάσκηνα Philostr. (v. infr.), -ᾱνα Arist. Pr. 926b24: Pass., aor. ἐβασκάνθην (v. infr.):

I bewitch by the evil eye, etc., Arist. l.c., LXX Deuteronomy 28:56 : metaph., Galatians 3:1; ἐβάσκηνε πάντα.. τύχη Hdn. 2.4.5: Pass., ὡς μὴ βασκανθῶσι Arist. Fr. 347; ὡς μὴ βασκανθῶ τρὶς ἔπτυσα Theoc. 6.39.

II c. acc.,

1. malign, disparage, Pherecr. 174, D. 8.19; ἄν τι δύσκολον συμβαίνῃ τοῦτο βασκαίνει Id. 18.189; εἰσίν τινες.. οὓ τὸ βασκαίνειν τπέφει Dionys.Com. 11: Pass., ὑπὸ τῶν ἀντιτέχνων βασκανθῆναι Str. 14.2.7.

2. c. dat., envy, grudge, D. 20.24, etc.; τινί τινος grudge one a thing, D.Chr. 78.37, Philostr. VA 6.12; τινὶ ἐπί τινι D.Chr. 78.25: abs., Luc. Nav. 17: τινός keep to oneself, Id. Philops. 35.

3. c. acc. et inf., μὴ βασκήνας γελάσαι καὶ ἄλλον Ael. VH 14.20.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βασκαίνω ,

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 28:54; Deuteronomy 28:56 (H7489) Sirach 14:6-8 *;]

1. to slander (Dem.).

2. to blight by the evil eye, to fascinate, bewitch: Galatians 3:1.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The popular belief in the power of the evil eye (cf. Deuteronomy 28:54, Sirach 14:6; Sirach 14:8), underlying the Pauline metaphor in Galatians 3:1, is well illustrated by the common formulas in closing greetings, e.g. P Oxy II. 292.12 (c. A.D. 25) (= Selections, p. 38) πρὸ δὲ πάντων ὑγιάνειν (= -αίνειν ) σε εὔχ [ο ]μαι ἀβασκάντως τὰ ἄριστα πράττων , ";but above all I pray that you may be in health unharmed by the evil eye and faring prosperously,"; ib. VI. 930.28 (ii/iii A.D.) ἀσπάζονταί σε πολλὰ αἱ ἀδελφαί σου καὶ τὰ ἀβάσκαντα παιδία Θεωνίδος , and similarly P Fay 126.10, P Lips I. 108.9 (both ii/iii A.D.). Cf. the opening salutation in BGU III. 811.4 (between A.D. 98 and 103) πρὼ (i.e. πρὸ ) μὲν πάντων ἀναγκαῖον δι᾽ ἐπιστολῆ [ς ] σε ἀσπάσεσθαι καὶ τὰ ἀβάσκαντα [δ ]οῦ [ν ]αι . For the subst. βασκανία (as Wisdom of Solomon 4:12) cf. the new compound προβασκανία in the vi/A.D. Christian amulet edited by Wilcken Archiv i. p. 431 ff. (= Selections, p. 132 ff.)—.7 ff. ὅπως διώξῃς ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ τοῦ δούλου σου τὸν δαίμονα προβασκανίας , ";that thou mayst drive from me thy servant the demon of witchcraft."; The adj. βάσκανος is found in Vettius Valens, pp. 22, 358.5, and in IosPE i. 22.31 (Minns, p. 644) ὑπὸ τοῦ βασκάνου δαίμονος ἀφῃρέθη . The relation of the word to the certainly identical Lat. fascinum is accounted for by the consideration that a word of magic was likely to be borrowed by Greek from Thracian or Illyrian, where original bh (Lat. f) passed into b : see Walde Lat. etym. Wörterbuch, s.v.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βασκανεί βάσκανος βασκάνω βάσταγμα βαστάγματα εβασκανεν ἐβάσκανεν ebaskanen ebáskanen
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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