the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #936 - βασιλεύω
- to be king, to exercise kingly power, to reign
- of the governor of a province
- of the rule of the Messiah
- of the reign of Christians in the millennium
- metaph. to exercise the highest influence, to control
1. to be king, rule, reign, οὐ μέν πως πάντες βασιλεύσομεν ἐνθάδ' Ἀχαιοί Il. 2.203; ἶσον ἐμοὶ βασίλευε 9.616; ἐν ὑμῖν.. βασίλευε was king among you, Od. 2.47; ὄφρ' Ἰθάκης κατὰ δῆμον.. βασιλεύοι 22.52; also of a woman, ἢ βασίλευεν ὑπὸ Πλάκῳ reigned as queen, Il. 6.425; ἡ δὲ Πύλου βασίλευε Od. 11.285: in aor., to have become king, Hdt. 2.2: c. gen., to be king of, rule over, ἐν.. Ἰθάκῃ βασιλεύσει Ἀχαιῶν Od. 1.401, etc.; βασιλεύοντος βασιλέων Ἀρσάκου PAvrom. 1 A 1: c. dat., to be king among, Γιγάντεσσιν βασίλευεν Od. 7.59; later β. ἐπὶ τὰς δύο βασιλείας LXX 1 Maccabees 1:16 : — Pass., to be governed by a king, Pl. R. 576d, 576e,al., Arist. Pol. 1284b39, etc.: c.acc. cogn., βασιλείαν πασῶν δικαιοτάτην βασιλεύεσθαι Pl. Lg. 680e: generally, to be governed or administered, Pi. P. 4.106, etc.; ὑπὸ νόμου Lys. 2.19: hence, submit to the king, Plu. Sull. 12. to be ἄρχων β. at Athens, Isoc. 18.5, IG 12.7[*]6, al.; of other magistrates, SIG 709 (Chersonesus), 1054 (Samothrace). later ἡ βασιλεύουσα πόλις the imperial city, of Rome, Ath. 3.98c, cf. CPHerm. 125ii3.
2. enjoy as master, τῶ χρυσῶ β. Theoc. 21.60 codd.
3. abs., live royally, β. ἐν πενίᾳ Plu. 2.101d, cf. 1 Corinthians 4:8.
II causal, appoint as king, τινά LXX Jd. 9.6; but β. τισὶ βασιλέα make them a king, ib. 1 Samuel 8:22; 1 Samuel 12:1.
βασιλεύω; future βασιλεύσω; 1 aorist ἐβασίλευσα; βασιλεύς); — in Greek writings (from Homer down) with the genitive or dative, in the sacred writings, after the Hebrew (עַל מָשַׁל), followed by ἐπί with the genitive of place, Matthew 2:22 (where L T WH omit; Tr brackets ἐπί); Revelation 5:10; followed by ἐπί with the accusative of the person, Luke 1:33; Luke 19:14, 27; Romans 5:14; (cf. Winers Grammar, 206 (193f); Buttmann, 169 (147)) — to be king, to exercise kingly power, to reign: universally, 1 Timothy 6:15; Luke 19:14, 27; of the governor of a country, although not possessing kingly rank, Matthew 2:22; of God, Revelation 11:15, 17; Revelation 19:6; of the rule of Jesus, the Messiah, Luke 1:33; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Revelation 11:15; of the reign of Christians in the millennium, Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:4, 6; Revelation 22:5; hence, Paul transfers the word to denote the supreme moral dignity, liberty, blessedness, which will be enjoyed by Christ's redeemed ones: Romans 5:17 (cf. DeWette and Thol. at the passage); 1 Corinthians 4:8. Metaphorically, to exercise the highest influence, to control: Romans 5:14, 17, 21; Romans 6:12. The aorist βασίλευσα denotes I obtained royal power, became king, have come to reign, in 1 Corinthians 4:8 (cf. Winers Grammar, 302 (283); Buttmann, 215 (185)); Revelation 11:17; Revelation 19:6 (as often in the Sept. and secular writings; cf. Grimm on 1 Macc., p. 11; Breitenbach or Kühner, on Xenophon, mem. 1, 1, 18; on the aorist to express entrance into a state, see Bernhardy (1829), p. 382; Krüger, § 53, 5, 1; (Kühner, § 386, 5; Goodwin § 19 N. 1)). (Compare: συμβασιλεύω.)
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(< βασιλεύς ),
[in LXX for H4427, its parts and derivatives, exc. 2 Kings 15:5 (H3427);]
to be king, to reign, rule: 1 Timothy 6:15; c. gen. (cl.), Matthew 2:22; seq. ἐπί c. acc (= Heb. H5921 H4427; Bl., § 36, 8), Luke 1:33; Luke 19:14; Luke 19:27, Romans 5:14; ἐπὶ τ . γῆς , on earth, Revelation 5:10; of God, Revelation 11:15; Revelation 11:17; Revelation 19:6; of Christ, Luke 1:33, 1 Corinthians 15:25, Revelation 11:15; of Christians, Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:4 (constative aor., M, Pr., 130), Revelation 20:6 Revelation 22:5. Metaph., Christians, Romans 5:17, 1 Corinthians 4:8; θάνατος , Romans 5:14; Romans 5:17; ἁμαρτία , Romans 5:21; Romans 6:12. Ingressive aor. (M, Pr., 109), to begin to reign: 1 Corinthians 4:8, Revelation 11:17; Revelation 19:6 (Cremer, 137).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
A good example of the ingressive aorist is afforded by the new Agraphon as restored by the editors—P Oxy IV. 654.8 θαμ ]βηθεὶς βασιλεύσει κα [ὶ βασιλεύσας ἀναπα ]ήσεται , ";astonished he shall reach the Kingdom, and having reached the Kingdom he shall rest"; : see Proleg. p. 130. The verb is used to render the Persian title (see under βασιλεύς ) in P Saïd Khan 1 (a).1 (B.C. 88) βασιλεύοντος βασιλέων Αρσάκου : 1 (b).1 and 2.1 (B.C. 22–1) have the same formula. CPHerm 125ii. 3 (A.D. 260–8) διατρίβοντός σο [υ ] ἐπὶ τῆς βασιλευούση [ς Ῥώμης supplies an illustration for Revelation 18:7. For the relation of the Pauline conception of ";the saint as king"; (Romans 5:17, 2 Timothy 2:12) to the Greek philosophic ideal, see Ramsay Teaching, p. 157 ff.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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