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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #909 - βαπτισμός
- a washing, purification effected by means of water
- of washing prescribed by the Mosaic law (Heb 9:
- which seems to mean an exposition of the difference between the washings prescribed by the Mosaic law and Christian baptism
1. dipping in water, immersion, Mark 7:4,.Hebrews 9:10, Antyll. ap. Orib. 10.3.9.
2. metaph., εἰς κακίας β. οἰχήσεται Theol.Ar. 30.
3. lethargic sleep, Archig.and Posidon. ap. Aët. 6.3.
4. baptism, J. AJ 18.5.2.
† βαπτισμός , -οῦ , ὁ
(< βαπτίζω ),
prop., the act of which βάπτισμα is the result;
1. a dipping, washing, lustration: Mark 7:4; of Jewish ceremonial, Hebrews 9:10; in Hebrews 6:2, βαπτισμῶν διδαχήν (-ῆς ), "the pl. and the peculiar form seem to be used to include Christian baptism with other lustral rites " (Westc., in l).
2. baptism: FlJ, Ant., 18, 5, 2 (of John's baptism), and some Fathers (v. Soph., s.v.). Not so in NT, unless ἐν τ . βαπτισμῷ in the act of baptism, Colossians 2:12, be read with Tr. (Rec., WH, R, -ματι ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Grimm’s statement that ";among prof. writ. Josephus alone (Antt. xviii. 5. 2) uses the word, and of John’s baptism"; is traversed by the ordinary text of Plutarch’s Moralia : see the De Superstitione 3, p. 166 A, where he names among superstitions πηλώσεις καταβορβορώσεις βαπτισμούς , ῥίψεις ἐπὶ πρόσωπον , αἰσχρὰς προκαθίσεις , ἀλλοκότους προσκυνήσεις . But, unfortunately, the word is only Bentley’s emendation for σαββατισμούς , according to Bernadakis’ apparatus—was the change necessary?
As distinguished from βάπτισμα in which the result is included, βαπτισμός is the act of immersion (Blass Gr. p. 62); and hence in Hebrews 6:2 Chase (Confirmation in the Apost. Age, p. 44 f.) understands διδαχὴ βαπτισμῶν as = ";‘the teaching about acts of washing,’ the exposition of the truths and spiritual principles embodied and expressed in the baptism of this disciple and of that.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Third Week after Epiphany