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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #898 - βαθμός

from the same as (G899)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
  1. threshold, step
    1. of a grade of dignity and wholesome influence in the church
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4609 ‑ מַעֲלָה (mah‑al‑aw');  4670 ‑ מִפְתָּן (mif‑tawn');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
1 Timothy
NAS (1)
1 Timothy
HCS (1)
1 Timothy
BSB (1)
1 Timothy
ESV (1)
1 Timothy
WEB (1)
1 Timothy
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


or βασμός, ὁ, (βαίνω)


1. step, threshold, LXX 1 Samuel 5:5, [ S. ] Fr. 1127; degree on the dial, LXX 4 Ki. 20.9 sq.; fifteen degrees of the zodiac, Vett.Val. 31.2; interval in a musical scale, Iamb. VP 26.120.

2. rung of a ladder, Luc. Trag. 221.

3. base or plinth of a tower, GDI 5524.10 (Cyzicus).

II metaph., step, degree in rank (οἱ β. κλίμακος προκοπὴν σημαίνουσι Artem. 2.42), 1 Timothy 3:13, Procop. Arc. 24, Lyd. Mag. 2.8, al.; οἱ τᾶς ἀξίας βάσμοι IG 12(2).243.16 (Mytil.); simply, degree, τολμημάτων βαθμοί J. BJ 4.3.10; ὥσπερ ἡδονῆς κλίμακα συμπηξάμενος ἔρως πρῶτον ἔχει β. ὄψεως Luc. Am. 53; step in an argument, Simp. in Cael. 718.35; of a genealogy, ἀπωτέρω δυοῖν β. two steps farther back, i.e. farther back than one's grandfather, D.Chr. 41.6.

III tax paid on stairs, POxy. 574 (ii A. D.): acc. to Phryn. 296, Moer. 97, βαθμός is Ion., βασμός Att., but βασμός occurs GDI 5524.10 (Cyzic.), Jahresh. 3.55 (Scepsis).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βαθμός , -οῦ , ,

Ion. form of βασμός

(< βαίνω , to step),

[in LXX 1 Samuel 5:5 (H4670), 2 Kings 20:9-11 Sirach 6:36*;]

a step (2 Kings 20:9-11 of degrees of a dial); metaph., a degree, standing: 1 Timothy 3:13.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The thought of a ";vantage ground, a ‘standing’ (RV) a little, as it were, above the common level,"; which Hort (Christian Ecclesia, p. 202) suggests for this word in 1 Timothy 3:13, may be illustrated from the Mytilene inscription IG II. 243.16 τοῖς τὰς ἀξίας βασμοῖς ἀνελόγησε , ";er wurde durch sein Verhalten dem Ehrenamte gerecht"; (Nägeli, p. 26). See also R. M. Pope Exp T xxi. p. 112 ff. The word is found in the mystery religions, e.g. Reitzenstein Poimandres 13.9, p. 343, ὁ βαθμὸς οὗτος , ὦ τέκνον , δικαιοσύνης ἐστὶν ἕδρασμα . Immisch in Philologus xvii. (N.F.) p. 33 n..1 cites βαθμός as a technical expression in philosophy, denoting a step towards the goal, and compares Olympiodorus Proleg. (Comm. in Aristotelem Graeca XII. 1), ed. Busse, p. 9.31, and ib. Scholia in Platonis Phaedonem, ed Finckh, p. 3.16.

The rule which the grammarians lay down that βαθμός is the Ionic form of the Attic βασμός (so Lob. Phryn. p. 324) is not borne out by the evidence of the inscriptions : see Thumb Hellen. p. 73.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βαθμον βαθμόν βαθμὸν bathmon bathmòn
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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