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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #791 - ἀστεῖος
ἀστεῖος, α, ον,
also ος, ον Diph. 73: (ἄστυ): —
I. of the town (but in the literal sense ἀστικός is used).
II town-bred, polite, Pl. Phd. 116d; opp. ἄγροικος, Plu. Ma 3; γένοιτ' ἀστεῖος οἰκῶν ἐν πόλει Alc. Com. 26; charming, Isoc. 2.34.
2. of thoughts and words, refined, elegant, witty, διάλεκτον ἀστείαν ὑποθηλυτέραν, opp. ἀνελεύθερον ὑπαγροικοτέραν, Ar. Fr. 685; ἀστεῖόν τι λέξαι Id. Ra. 901; ἀστεῖον λέγεις (where there is a play on the double sense, witty and popular) Id. Nu. 204; ἀ. καὶ δημωφελεῖς οἱ λόγοι Pl. Phdr. 227d; ἀστεῖον εἰπεῖν Com.Anon. 248 Mein., cf. Axiop. 1.14; ἀστειοτάτας ἐπινοίας Ar. Eq. 539; of persons, οἱ ἀ. the wits, Pl. R. 452d; τὰ ἀ. witty sayings, witticisms, Arist. Rh. 1411b21, al. Adv. -ως J. AJ 12.4.4, Plu. 2.123f, Luc. Nigr. 13.
3. as a general word of praise, of things and persons, pretty, charming, βοσκήματε Ar. Ach. 811; ἑορτή Pl. Grg. 447a; ἀ. καὶ εὐήθης Id. R. 349b, cf. Phdr. 242e, Hp. 13; ἐστὶ γοῦν ἁπλῆ τις; — ἀστεία μὲν οὖν Anaxil. 21; ἀστεῖόν [ἐστι] ὅτι ἐρυθριᾷς it is charming to see you blush, Pl. Ly. 204c; ἀστεῖον πάνυ εἰ.. Men. Sam. 149. ironically, ἀ. κέρδος a pretty piece of luck, Ar. Nu. 1064; ἀστεῖος εἶ Diph. 73.
4. of outward appearance, pretty, graceful, LXX Exodus 2:2, al.; οἱ μικροὶ ἀ. καὶ σύμμετροι, καλοὶ δ' οὔ Arist. EN 1123b7; handsome, LXX Jd. 3.17 (of Eglon): in Comedy, of dainty dishes, κραμβίδιον, κρεΐσκον, Antiph. 6, Alex. 189.
5. good of its kind, αἷμα Hp. Alim. 44; ἑλλέβορος Str. 9.3.3; οἶνος Plu. 2.620d; of persons, good, Ph. 1.97, Plu. Them. 5; ἀστεῖα good qualities, opp. φαῦλα, Demetr. Eloc. 114. Adv. -είως honourably, πράττων LXX 2 Maccabees 12:43, cf. Ph. 1.244.
ἀστεῖος , -ον
(< ἄστυ , a city),
1. of the town.
2. (Like Lat. urbanus),
(b) elegant (in Papyri, of clothing, MM, s.v.), comely, fair (as in Ex, l.c), Hebrews 11:23, Acts 7:20.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
As early as P Hib I. 54.15 ff. (c. B.C. 245) we find this word developed : ἐχέτω δὲ καὶ ἱματισμὸν ὡς ἀστειότατον , ";let him wear as fine clothes as possible"; (Edd.) : cf. LXX Exodus 2:2, Judith 11:23, and differently Judges 3:17. Its connexion with the ";city"; was forgotten, and indeed ἄστυ itself had fallen out of common use (still in P Hal 1 ter (iii/B.C.)). By the Stoics it seems to have been used in a sense almost = σπουδαῖος . The noun ἀστειότης occurs in Vettius Valens, p. 161.17, among τὰ σωματικὰ εὐημερήματα , the others being εὐμορφία , ἐπαφροδισία , μέγεθος , εὐρυθμία . The adj. means ";witty"; in MGr.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13