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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #79 - ἀδελφή
ἀδελφ-ή, ἡ, fem. of ἀδελφός, sister, Trag., E Fr. 866, etc.; ὁμοπατρία ἀ. Men. Georg. 12, cf. PTeb. 320.5 (ii A.D.): Ion. ἀδελφ-εή, Hdt. 2.56, al.; ἀδελφ-ειή, Q.S. 1.30; Dor. ἀδελφ-εά, Pi. N. 7.4, and in lyr, passages of Trag., S. OT 160, OC 535.
2. kinswoman, LXX Job 42:11.
3. term of endearment, Ca. 4.9, To. 5.21; applied to a wife, POxy. 744.1 (i B. C.), etc.: — as a title, Βερενίκη ἡ ἀ. καὶ γυνὴ αὐτοῦ (of a cousin) OGI 60.3 (iii B. C.): — sister (as a fellow Christian), Romans 16:1, etc.
ἀδελφή , -ῆς ἡ
[in LXX for H269;]
a sister: Matthew 19:29 at.; metaph. (MM, VGT, s.v.), of a member of the Christian community Romans 16:1, 1 Corinthians 7:15, James 2:15, al.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Oxy IV. 744.1 (B.C. 1) ( = Selections, p. 32). Ἱλαρίωνα (l. -ων) Ἄλιτι τῆι ἀδελφῆι πλεῖστα χαίρειν, ";Hilarion to Alis, his sister, heartiest greetings,"; Alis being doubtless wife as well as sister, by a not uncommon Egyptian practice. It figured in Egyptian religion : cf. P Oxy VI. 886.7 ff. (iii/A.D.) ἡ Ἶσις ζητοῦσα ἑαυτῆς τὸν ἀδελφὸν κὲ ἄνδρα ῍Ο ̣σιρειν. Cf. for this an Egyptian inscr. of the reign of Augustus, Archiv v. p. 164 Ἀ [ρ ]τεμίδωρος Ἀνουβᾶτος καὶ ἡ γυνὴ ἀδελφὴ Ἡρακλία. . . καὶ ὁ υἱὸς Ἑρμανοῦβ (ι)ς, and still more clearly P Tebt II. 320.5 (A.D. 181) τ ̣ῆ ̣[ς ] . . . γυναικὸς. . [οὔσης μο ]υ ὁμοπ (ατρίου) καὶ ὁμ [ομ (ητρίου) ἀδ ]ελ (φῆς). But there seem to be places where the word means simply ";wife"; : see under ἀδελφός, and cf. P Oxy VII. 1070 (iii/A.D.), where a man addresses his wife as ἀδελφή and speaks of ";our child and your brother and your father and your mother and all our (relations)";—clearly she was not ";sister"; literally. Dittenberger on OGIS 60.3 (B.C. 247–21) Βερενίκη, ἡ ἀδελφὴ καὶ γυνὴ αὐτοῦ (Ptolemy Euergetes), shows that ἀδελφή was an honorary title : Berenice was her husband’s cousin.
For the later metaphorical use of the word (1 Corinthians 7:15, etc.), cf. the Paris magical papyrus l. 1135 ff. χαίρετε οἷς τὸ χαίρειν ἐν εὐλογίᾳ δίδοται ἀδελφοῖς καὶ ἀδελφαῖς ὁσίοις καὶ ὁσίαις.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20