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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #79 - ἀδελφή

Transliteration
adelphḗ
Phonetics
ad-el-fay'
Origin
from (G80)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:144,22
Definition
Thayer's
  1. a full, own sister
  2. one connected by the tie of the Christian religion
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 269 ‑ אָחוֹת (aw‑khoth');  2860 ‑ חָתָן (khaw‑thawn');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (24)
Matthew
3
Mark
4
Luke
3
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
2
1 Timothy
1
James
1
2 John
1
NAS (25)
Matthew
3
Mark
4
Luke
3
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
2
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
James
1
2 John
1
HCS (26)
Matthew
3
Mark
5
Luke
3
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
2
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
James
1
2 John
1
BSB (25)
Matthew
3
Mark
4
Luke
3
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
2
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
James
1
2 John
1
ESV (23)
Matthew
3
Mark
4
Luke
3
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
2
1 Timothy
1
James
1
WEB (25)
Matthew
3
Mark
4
Luke
3
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
2
1 Timothy
1
James
1
2 John
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀδελφηì

ἀδελφ-ή, ἡ, fem. of ἀδελφός, sister, Trag., E Fr. 866, etc.; ὁμοπατρία ἀ. Men. Georg. 12, cf. PTeb. 320.5 (ii A.D.): Ion. ἀδελφ-εή, Hdt. 2.56, al.; ἀδελφ-ειή, Q.S. 1.30; Dor. ἀδελφ-εά, Pi. N. 7.4, and in lyr, passages of Trag., S. OT 160, OC 535.

2. kinswoman, LXX Job 42:11.

3. term of endearment, Ca. 4.9, To. 5.21; applied to a wife, POxy. 744.1 (i B. C.), etc.: as a title, Βερενίκη ἡ ἀ. καὶ γυνὴ αὐτοῦ (of a cousin) OGI 60.3 (iii B. C.): sister (as a fellow Christian), Romans 16:1, etc.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀδελφή , -ῆς ἡ

(<ἀδελφός ),

[in LXX for H269;]

a sister: Matthew 19:29 at.; metaph. (MM, VGT, s.v.), of a member of the Christian community Romans 16:1, 1 Corinthians 7:15, James 2:15, al.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy IV. 744.1 (B.C. 1) ( = Selections, p. 32). Ἱλαρίωνα (l. -ων) Ἄλιτι τῆι ἀδελφῆι πλεῖστα χαίρειν, ";Hilarion to Alis, his sister, heartiest greetings,"; Alis being doubtless wife as well as sister, by a not uncommon Egyptian practice. It figured in Egyptian religion : cf. P Oxy VI. 886.7 ff. (iii/A.D.) ἡ Ἶσις ζητοῦσα ἑαυτῆς τὸν ἀδελφὸν κὲ ἄνδρα ῍Ο ̣σιρειν. Cf. for this an Egyptian inscr. of the reign of Augustus, Archiv v. p. 164 [ρ ]τεμίδωρος Ἀνουβᾶτος καὶ ἡ γυνὴ ἀδελφὴ Ἡρακλία. . . καὶ ὁ υἱὸς Ἑρμανοῦβ (ι)ς, and still more clearly P Tebt II. 320.5 (A.D. 181) τ ̣ ̣[ς ] . . . γυναικὸς. . [οὔσης μο ]υ ὁμοπ (ατρίου) καὶ ὁμ [ομ (ητρίου) ἀδ ]ελ (φῆς). But there seem to be places where the word means simply ";wife"; : see under ἀδελφός, and cf. P Oxy VII. 1070 (iii/A.D.), where a man addresses his wife as ἀδελφή and speaks of ";our child and your brother and your father and your mother and all our (relations)";—clearly she was not ";sister"; literally. Dittenberger on OGIS 60.3 (B.C. 247–21) Βερενίκη, ἡ ἀδελφὴ καὶ γυνὴ αὐτοῦ (Ptolemy Euergetes), shows that ἀδελφή was an honorary title : Berenice was her husband’s cousin.

For the later metaphorical use of the word (1 Corinthians 7:15, etc.), cf. the Paris magical papyrus l. 1135 ff. χαίρετε οἷς τὸ χαίρειν ἐν εὐλογίᾳ δίδοται ἀδελφοῖς καὶ ἀδελφαῖς ὁσίοις καὶ ὁσίαις.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αδελφαι αδελφαί ἀδελφαί ἀδελφαὶ αδελφας αδελφάς ἀδελφάς ἀδελφὰς αδελφη αδελφή ἀδελφή ἀδελφὴ ἀδελφῇ αδελφην αδελφήν ἀδελφὴν αδελφης αδελφής ἀδελφῆς αδελφιδέ αδελφιδοί αδελφιδόν αδελφιδός αδελφιδού αδελφιδώ adelphai adelphaí adelphaì adelphas adelphás adelphàs adelphe adelphē adelphḗ adelphḕ adelphêi adelphē̂i adelphen adelphēn adelphḕn adelphes adelphês adelphēs adelphē̂s
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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