the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #732 - ἄῤῥωστος
- without strength, weak, sick
ἄρρωστ-ος, ον, (ῥώννυμι)
1. weak, sickly, Arist. HA 634b14, Plu. 2.465c. Adv. -τως, ἔχειν Aeschin. 2.14, cf. D.H. 7.12; διακεῖσθαι Isoc. 19.20.
2. in moral sense, weak, feeble, τὴν ψυχήν X. Ap. 30, cf. Oec. 4.2 (Comp.).
3. ἀρρωστότερος ἐς τὴν μισθοδοσίαν remiss in payment, Th. 8.83. [ ᾰρωστος AP 11.206 (Lucill.).]
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ἄρρωστος , -ον
(<ἀ - neg., ῥώννυμι ),
[in LXX: 1 Kings 14:5Α , Malachi 1:8 (H2470), Sirach 7:35 *;]
feeble, sickly: Matthew 14:14, Mark 6:5; Mark 6:13; Mark 16:18, 1 Corinthians 11:30.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Syll 858.17 (Delphi, in dialect, ii/B.C.) ἀτελὴς ἁ ὠνὰ ἔστω, εἰ μὴ ἄρρωστος γένοιτο Σῶσος. We do not happen to have noticed any instance of the adj. in the papyri, but both verb and subst. are common. For the verb cf. P Petr I. 30(1).4 (middle of iii/B.C.) (= Witkowski .2, p. 5) τ ̣ὸν ὄν [τ ]α ̣ ἐν Μέμφει ἀρρωστοῦντα, P Hib I. 73.15 (B.C. 243–2) εἰ οὖν μὴ ἠρρωστήσαμεν, P Par 49.31 (B.C. 164–58) (= Witkowski .2, p. 71) ἀγωνιῶ, μή ποτε ἀρ [ρ ]ωστεῖ τὸ παιδάριον, P Ryl II. 68.15 (B.C. 89) ω ̣[[στε ]] διὰ τὰς πληγὰς ἀρρωστη ̣σ ̣α ̣σα κατακεῖσαι (i.e. -σθαι) κινδυνεύουσα τῶι βίωι (which shows that ἀ. may represent something very serious), BGU IV. 1125.8 (time of Augustus) ἃς (sc. ἡμέρας) δὲ ἐὰν ἀρτα ̣κ ̣τήσηι (l. ἀτακτήσηι) ἢι ἀρρωστήσηι. For the subst. see the very interesting petition which the priests of the temple at Socnopaei Nesus present to the Strategus, asking for certain favours at his hands, seeing that ";in his sickness"; he was healed by their god—ἐπεὶ οὖν σέσωσαι ἐν τῆι ἀρρωστίαι ὑπὸ τοῦ Σοκνοπαῖτος θεοῦ μεγάλου (P Amh II. 35.32) B.C. 132), also P Tebt I. 44.8 f. (B.C. 114) χάριν τῆς περιεχούσης με ἀρρωστίας, ";on account of the sickness from which I am suffering,"; ib. 52.10 ff. (c. B.C. 114) δι με (l. διὰ τό με) ἐν βαρυ [τέ ]ρᾳ (see Proleg. p. 78) ἀρρωστίᾳ κ ̣ι ̣ͅσ ̣[θαι ] ἐνδεὴς οὖσα τῶν ἀναγ [καίων ], ";since I am seriously ill, being in want of the necessaries of life"; (Edd.), and P Hawara 56.18 ff. (probably late i/A.D.) (= Archiv v. p. 382) μαρτυρήσει δέ σ (οι) [Ἰ ]σίδωρος, ὅτι ἀρρωστίαν ἰσοθάνατο (ν) [ἐξ ]ήντλησα. See also Syll 490.6 (iii/B.C.) ἐν [π ]ετό [ν ]των πολλῶν ἄγ [αν ὀλεθρί ]ων [ἀρρω ]στ [η ]μάτων καὶ τῶν ἰατρῶν τῶν [δαμ ]οσ [ιευόν ]των ἐν τᾶι πόλει ἀρρωσστησάντων. The adj. is MGr, as are the derived verb and noun.
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Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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