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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #720 - ἀρνέομαι
- to deny
- to deny someone
- to deny one's self
- to disregard his own interests or to prove false to himself
- act entirely unlike himself
- to deny one's self
- to deny, abnegate, abjure
- not to accept, to reject, to refuse something offered
fut. -ήσομαι A. Pr. 268, Ar. Ec. 365; also ἀρνηθήσομαι S. Ph. 527 (ἀπ-), Luke 12:9 : aor. Pass. ἠρνήθην freq. in Att., Th. 6.60, etc.: also aor. Med. ἠρνησάμην Hom. (v. infr.), Hdt. 3.1; rare in Trag. and Att., E. Ion 1026, Aeschin. 2.69, 3.324: pf. ἤρνημαι D. 28.24: —
1. deny, disown, τεὸν ἔπος ἀρνήσασθαι Il. 14.212, Od. 8.358, etc.; ἀ. ἀμφὶ βόεσσιν h.Merc. 390; ἀ. ἃ εἶπον E. Hec. 303: abs., Hdt. 2.174; ἀρνούμενοι ἔπαινοι negative praises, Plu. 2.58a.
2. refuse, τόξον.. δόμεναί τε καὶ ἀρνήσασθαι Od. 21.345, cf. Hes. Op. 408, Hdt. 3.1; ἀ. γάμον Od. 1.249; ἀ. χρείαν decline, renounce a duty or office, D. 18.282; διαθήκην Id. 36.34; κληρονομίαν PFlor. 61.49 (i A.D.); ζωὰν ἀ., of a suicide, AP 7.473 (Aristodic.); δυνάμει τὸν βίον ἀ. S.E. M. 11.163; ἀ. ἀνθρώπους cast aside humanity, Him. Or. 2.10.
3. abs., say No, decline, ὁ δ' ἠρνεῖτο στεναχίζων Il. 19.304; αὐτὰρ ὅ γ' ἠρνεῖτο στερεῶς 23.42, etc.
4. in expressing denial, c. inf., either without μή, deny that.., A. Eu. 611, E. IA 966; or with μή, say that.. not.., Ar. Eq. 572, Antipho 3.3.7, etc.; οὐδ' αὐτὸς ἀρνεῖται μὴ οὐ.. D.C. 50.22; also οὐκ αν ἀρνοίμην τὸ δρᾶν S. Ph. 118; ἀ. ὅτι οὐ.., ὡς οὐ.., X. Ath. 2.17, Lys. 4.1, D. 9.54.
5. in expressing refusal, c. inf., ἀ. εἶναι χρηστούς Hdt. 6.13: poet. also c. part., οὐ γὰρ εὐτυχῶν ἀρνήσομαι E. Alc. 1158, cf. Or. 1582.
[in LXX: Genesis 18:15 (H3584 pi.), Wisdom of Solomon 12:27; Wisdom of Solomon 16:16; Wisdom of Solomon 17:10, 4 Maccabees 8:7; 4 Maccabees 10:15 *;]
1. to deny, say no, opp. to είπεῖν : absol., Matthew 26:70, Luke 8:45; seq. ἅτι , 1 John 2:22; c. inf., Hebrews 11:24.
2. In late Gk. (MM, s.v.), c. acc pers., to deny, refuse to acknowledge, disown: Acts 3:14; Acts 7:35; Ἰησοῦν , Matthew 10:33, 2 Timothy 2:12, 1 John 2:22, Judges 1:4; ἑαυτόν , Luke 9:23, 2 Timothy 2:13 (prove false to).
3. C. acc rei (in cl. to refuse), to deny, abjure: 1 Timothy 5:8, Titus 2:12, 2 Timothy 3:5 (cf. ἀπαρνέομαι ).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Syll 356.25 (B.C. 6—a letter of Augustus) αὐτὸς μὲν γὰρ ἐνέμεινεν ἀρνούμενο [ς ] ";persisted in his denial."; OGIS 484.31 (ii/A.D.) ἅπερ ἀρνουμένων αὐτῶν ἡδέως ἐπίστευον. For the aor. midd. (rare in Attic : cf. Veitch Grk Verbs s.v.) cf. BGU I. 195.22 (ii/A.D.) ὑπὲρ δὲ τοῦ μὴ ἀρνήσασθαι ἐφ᾽ ἑκάστῳ τοῦτον. . ., P Flor I. 61ii. 48 (A.D. 86–8) ἠρνήσατο οὗτος [τὴ ]ν κλη [ρ ]ονομίαν τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ ἐγὼ τὴν (these three words interlineated) τοῦ ἰδίου πατρός. See also Helbing Gr. p. 99, and Mayor Ep. of Jude, p. 72, where it is stated that ἀρνέομαι (denego) with acc. of a person (";to disown";) is unclassical, and seems to be confined to Christian literature. The verb is MGr.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week of Advent