the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #696 - ἄργυρος
- 1 Cor. 3:12 refers to the silver with which the columns of noble buildings were covered and the rafters adorned
- things made of silver
- images of gods
ἄργῠρος, ὁ, (ἀργός A)
1. white metal, i.e. silver, ἐξ Ἀλύβης ὅθεν ἀργύρου ἐστὶ γενέθλη Il. 2.857; so πηγὴ ἀργύρου A. Pers. 238, etc.; ἄ. κοῖλος silver plate, Theopomp.Hist. 283a, Arist. Oec. 1350b23, etc.
2. ἄ. χυτός quicksilver, Id. de An. 406b19, Mete. 385b4, Thphr. Lap. 60.
II = cross ἀργύριον, silver-money, generally, money, A. Supp. 935; ἐπ' ἀργύρῳ γε τὴν ψυχὴν προδούς S. Ant. 322; εἴ τι μὴ ξὺν ἀργύρῳ ἐπράσσετ' by bribery, Id. OT 124; in later Prose, coupled with χρυσός, Matthew 10:9, Alciphr. 2.3.
III = cross λινόζωστος ἄρρην, Ps.- Dsc. 4.189.
ἄργυρος, ἀργύρου, ὁ (ἀργός shining) (from Homer down), silver: 1 Corinthians 3:12 (T Tr WH ἀργύριον) (reference is made to the silver with which the columns of noble buildings were covered and the rafters adorned); by metonymy, things made of silver, silver-work, vessels, images of the gods, etc.: Acts 17:29; James 5:3; Revelation 18:12. silver coin: Matthew 10:9.
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ἄργυρος , -ου , ὁ
(< ἀργός , shining),
[in LXX for H3701;]
silver (on its relation to ἀργύριον , v. MM, s.v.): Matthew 10:9, Acts 17:29, James 5:5, Revelation 18:12.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The distinction between ἄργυρος ";s. ver"; and ἀργύριον ";silver used as money,"; which in classical Greek has exceptions on both sides, is generally observed in NT : ἀργύριον in 1 Corinthians 3:12 and ἄργυρος in Matthew 10:9 are the only clear exceptions. In the papyri ἄργυρος is as rare as ἀργύριον is ubiquitous. It figures frequently in P Leid X, a very long document dealing with metallurgical subjects (iii/iv A.D.). P Par 60 bis.32 (c. B.C. 200) has ἀργύρου στατήρων, and BGU III. 992ii. 5, .10 (B.C. 160) χαλκοῦ πρὸς ἄργυρον, but in P Lips I. 64.27 (iv/A.D.) ἄ (ργ)υ ̣ρον (curiously abbreviated) is ";Geld";. Silver as a metal is thus the prevailing sense in the few occurrences we can report from papyri, while ἀργύριον for money appears many hundred times. The differentiation affects a well-known compound in C. and B. no. 300.14 (ii. p. 466—Apamea) ἀργυριοταμιεύσαντα for ἀργυροτ. There are sundry derivatives of ἄργυρος, of which we might mention ἀργυρώνητος, occurring in P Saïd Khan 1a. 16 (B.C. 88) τὴν ἀ. ἄμπελον, P Lond 198.11 (A.D. 169–77) (= II. p. 173), BGU IV. 1105.21 (B.C. 11) καθυβρίζει καὶ τὰς χεῖρας ἐπιφέρων χρῆται ὡς ο ̣ὐ ̣δ ̣ε ̣̣ ἀργυρ ̣ω ̣ν ̣η ̣τ ̣ωι ";treats me as he would not treat a thing he had bought";—the reading is not certain. In the LXX the disparity between the frequency of ἄργυρος and ἀργύριον is just what it is in papyri. In MGr ἄργυρος is the metal.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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