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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5474 - χαλκολίβανον

from a compound of (G5475) and (G3030) (in the implied mean of whiteness or brilliancy)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
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  1. some metal like gold if not more precious
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Revelation 2
NAS (4)
Revelation 4
HCS (2)
Revelation 2
BSB (2)
Revelation 2
ESV (2)
Revelation 2
WEB (2)
Revelation 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Neuter of a compound of G5475 and G3030 (in the implied mean of whiteness or brilliancy)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

χαλκολίβανον (so Suidas (but see Gaisf. edition under the word)), χαλκολιβανου, τό, more correctly χαλκολιβανος, χαλκολιβανου, (according to the reading as it ought to be restored ((but see the editions)) in Revelation 1:15 ὡς ἐν καμίνῳ πεπυρωμενη; cf. Düsterdieck's critical note (see Buttmann, 80 (69) note)), a word of doubtful meaning found only in Revelation 1:15, and , chalcolibanus, Vulg. aurichalcum or orichalcum (so manuscript Arafat. (al. aeric.); Luther Messing (R. V. burnished brass)); according to the testimony of an ancient Greek (Ansonius) in Salmasius (Exercitt. ad Solin., p. 810 a.: λίβανος ἔχει τρία εἴδη δένδρων, καί μέν ἄρρην ὀνομάζεται χαλκολιβανος, ἡλιοειδής καί πυρρός ἤγουν ξανθός), a certain kind of (yellow) frankincense; but both the sense of the passages in Rev and a comparison of Daniel 10:6 and Ezekiel 1:7, which seem to have been in the writer's thought, compel us to understand some metal, like gold if not more precious (cf. Hebrew חַשְׁמָל, a metal composed of gold and silver, Sept ἤλεκτρον, Vulg. electrum, Ezekiel 1:4, 27; Ezekiel 8:2); this interpretation is confirmed by the gloss of Suidas: εἶδος ἠλέκτρου τιμιώτερον χρυσοῦ, ἐστι δέ τό ἤλεκτρον ἀλλοτυπον χρυσίον μεμιγμένον ὕελω καί λιθεία. The word is compounded, no doubt, of χαλκός and λίβανος, not of χαλκός and לָבָן, 'white.' Cf. Winer's RWB, under the word Metalle; Wetzel in the Zeitschr. f. d. luth. Theol. for 1869, p. 92ff; cf. Ewald, Johann. Schriften, ii., p. 117f; (Lee in the 'Speaker's Commentary' at the passage).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*† χαλκο -λίβανον , -ου , τό ,

chalcolibanus, probably "a mixed metal of great brilliance" (Swete): Revelation 1:15; Revelation 2:18 (RV, burnished brass).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";speak falsely,"; ";deceive by lies"; : P Par 47.6 (c. B.C. 152–1) (as read by Wilcken UPZ i. p. 332) ὅτι ψεύδηι πάντα καὶ οἱ παρὰ σὲ θεοὶ ὁμοίως, ";for you lie in all things and your gods likewise,"; P Lond 897ii. 2 (A.D. 84) ( = III. p. 206) ἐκ [ε ]ῖνος μὲν [τ ]ότε ἐψεύσατο, νυνεὶ δὲ ὑμεῖς τὴν ἀλήθεια ̣ν γράψαται (l. γράψατε), P Oxy II. 237iv. 34, v. 22 (A.D. 186), and OGIS 669.58 (i/A.D.) ἐὰν δέ τις ἐλεγχθῆι ψευσά [μενος, and the late P Oxy XVI. 1868.3 (vi/vii A.D.) οἴδαμεν καὶ πεπίσμεθα τὴν σὴν γνησίαν λαμπρότητα [μὴ ] ψ ̣ε ̣υ ̣δομένην, μάλιστα καὶ ὅταν ὀμώσῃς (l. ὀμόσῃς), ";we know and are persuaded that your true illustriousness does not speak falsely, especially when you have sworn"; (Edd.).

The verb is common in such phrases as P Oxy X. 1266.32 (A.D. 98) ὀμνύω Αὐτοκράτορα Καίσαρα Νέρουαν. . . μὴ ἐψεῦσθαι, ib. 1264.20 (A.D. 272) ὀμνύω τὸν ἔθιμον Ῥωμαίοις ὅρκον μὴ ἐψεῦσθα [ι, ";I swear the oath customary with Romans that I have not made a false statement"; (Edd.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
χαλκολιβανω χαλκολιβάνω χαλκολιβάνῳ chalkolibano chalkolibanō chalkolibánoi chalkolibánōi
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