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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5330 - Φαρισαῖος
- A sect that seems to have started after the Jewish exile. In addition to OT books the Pharisees recognised in oral tradition a standard of belief and life. They sought for distinction and praise by outward observance of external rites and by outward forms of piety, and such as ceremonial washings, fastings, prayers, and alms giving; and, comparatively negligent of genuine piety, they prided themselves on their fancied good works. They held strenuously to a belief in the existence of good and evil angels, and to the expectation of a Messiah; and they cherished the hope that the dead, after a preliminary experience either of reward or of penalty in Hades, would be recalled to life by him, and be requited each according to his individual deeds. In opposition to the usurped dominion of the Herods and the rule of the Romans, they stoutly upheld the theocracy and their country's cause, and possessed great influence with the common people. According to Josephus they numbered more than 6000. They were bitter enemies of Jesus and his cause; and were in turn severely rebuked by him for their avarice, ambition, hollow reliance on outward works, and affection of piety in order to gain popularity.
φαρισαῖος , -ου , ὁ
(Aram. פְּרִישָׁא ; v. Dalman, Gr., 157n, Words, 2n),
a Pharisee: Matthew 23:26, Philippians 3:5; usually in pl., Matthew 9:11, Mark 2:18, al.; Φ . κ . γραμματεῖς , Matthew 5:20, Mark 2:16, Luke 5:21, al.; Φ . κ . Σαδδουκαῖοι , Matthew 16:1, Acts 23:6-7, al.; ἀρχιερεῖς κ . Φ ., Matthew 21:45, John 7:32, al. (v. DB, iii, 826b).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Lond 1927.36 (mid. iv/A.D.) φρονίμως ἔδιξας τὸ γεννεότατον ἆθλον, ";you prudently showed forth your most noble contest,"; with reference to manner of life : cf. Luk. 16:8.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.