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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5231 - ὑπεράνω

from (G5228) and (G507)
Parts of Speech
  1. above
    1. above a thing
    2. of a place
    3. of rank or power
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4606 ‑ מֶעָל (may‑awl');  5921 ‑ עַל (al);  5945 ‑ עֶלְיוֹן (el‑yone');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
NAS (5)
HCS (3)
BSB (3)
ESV (2)
WEB (3)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὑπεράνω [ ],


above, opp. ὑποκάτω, SIG 588.31 (Milet., ii B. C.); οἰκεῖν Luc. DDeor. 4.2, etc.; above the horizon, Euc. Phaen. p.8 M.: mostly c. gen., ὑ. τούτων [τῶν μορίων] σχίζεται [ἡ φλέψ ] Arist. HA 513b32, cf. PSI 6.631.6 (iii B. C.), LXX Ezekiel 43:15, al.; ὑ. γίγνεσθαί τινος to get the upper hand of, Teles p.44 H., Plu. 2.10b, Phld. Mort. 34; ὑ. τεθεῖσθαι πάντων Id. Piet. 102; ποιεῖν or ποιεῖσθαί τινα or τι ὑ. τινός, Plu. 2.98e, 6b; πάντων ὑ. ποιεῖν act more nobly than all others, D.L. 7.128.

2. οἱ ὑ. πλεονασμοί excessive repetitions, Plb. 12.24.1; but μίαν ὑ. ποιότητα one supreme quality, Meno Iatr. 14.18.

3. of time, further back, ἐκ τῶν ὑ. χρόνων SIG 742.58 (Ephesus, i B. C.).

4. above, in a document, [ ψηφίσματα] ὑ. γεγραμμένα ib.591.2 (Lampsacus, ii B. C.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὑπερ -άνω ,

compound adv.,

[in LXX for H5921, H4606, etc.;]

above: as prep. c. gen., Ephesians 1:21; Ephesians 4:10, Hebrews 9:5.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

φαρμακ (ε)ία

φαρμακ (ε)ία in its general sense ";practice of drugging,"; may be illustrated from P Cairo Zen I. 59018.5 (B.C. 258) (= Preisigke 6710.5), where a man states, that having taken a dose of medicine he is unable to leave the house—ἄρρωστ ]ος ἐτύγχανον ἐκ φαρμακείας ὤν. In P Oxy III. 486.21 (A.D. 131) it has the sinister sense of ";poisoning";—τῇ μητρί μου Ἑρμιόνῃ φαρμακείας ἐνκαλῶν, ";charging my mother Hermione with poisoning"; : cf. Vett. Val. p. 11.1, et saepe. From this it is an easy transition to ";sorcery,"; ";witchcraft,"; as in Gal. 5:20; see Lightfoot’s note ad l., also Burton ICC Gal. p. 306.


φάρμακον in its oniy NT occurrence (Rev. 9:21) has the evil meaning ";drug,"; ";enchantment,"; ";sorcery"; : cf. P Tebt I. 43.19 (B.C. 118) ἐπανείρηται αὐτὸν (l. ἐπανῄρηται αὐτὸς) φαρμάκωι, ";he has been poisoned,"; and PSI I. 64.20 (i/B.C.?), where a wife solemnly promises that she will not mix noxious drugs with her husband’s drink or food—μηδὲ ποι [ ]σειν εἴς σε φάρμακα φίλτρα μηδὲ κακοποιὰ μήτε ἐν ποτοῖς μήτε ἐν βρωτοῖς, with which mau be compared Syll 815 (=.3 1180).2 cited s.v. θανάσιμος the sepulchral Kaibel 595.3 where a physician is praised as πολλούς τε σώσας φαρμάκοις ἀνωδύνοις, and the magic P Lond 122.33 (iv/A.D.) (=I. p. 117) διασῶσόν μου πάνδοτε εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα ἀπὸ φαρμάκων καὶ δολίων. See also the prayer for vengeance Preisigke 1323 (ii/A.D.), and compare Musonius p. 124.4 φαρμάκοις γὰρ οὐκ ἔοικεν, ἀλλὰ σιτίοις ὑγιεινοῖς ἡ δύναμις αὐτοῦ. A dim. φαρμάκιον is found in P Petr III. 42 H(8).25 (mid. iii/B.C.) (= Witkowski.2, p, 16).

For φάρμακον in a healing sense, ";physic,"; ";medicine"; we may cite P Lond 356.6 (i/A.D.) (= II. p. 252, Selections p. 59) καλῶς ποιήσεις ἰδίωι κινδύνῳ τὸ καλὸν πωλήσας ἐξ ὧν ἐάν σοι εἴπῃ φαρμάκων ἔχειν χρείαν Σῶτας ὁ φίλος μου, ";be so good as to sell at your own risk good quality of whatever drugs my friend Sotas says that he has need,"; P Flor II. 222.11 (A.D. 256) τὸ φάρμακον. . εἰς τὸν παρ᾽ ἐμοὶ ταῦρον, ";medicine for my bull,"; P Grenf II. 77.17 (funeral expenses—iii/iv A.D.) (= Selections, p. 121) ἔστι δὲ τὰ ἀναλώματα τιμ () φαρμάκου παλ (αιαὶ) (δραχμαὶ) ξ ̄ κτλ., ";the expenses are—the price of medicine 60 old drachmae,"; etc. See also Sir. 6:16, Test. xii. pair. Jos. ii. 7 μέγα φάρμακόν ἐστιν ἡ μακροθυμία, and Ign. Eph. xx. φάρμακον ἀθανασίας, of the Eucharist.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
υπερανω υπεράνω ὑπεράνω υπεράνωθεν υπεράρσει υπερασπιεί υπερασπίζει υπερασπίζω υπερασπίσαι υπερασπίση υπερασπισμόν υπερασπιστά υπερασπιστήν υπερασπιστής υπερασπιώ υπερασπίω hyperano hyperanō hyperáno hyperánō uperano uperanō
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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