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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5176 - τρώγω

Transliteration
trṓgō
Phonetics
tro'-go
Origin
probably strengthened from a collateral form of the base of (G5134) and (G5147) through the idea of corrosion or wear, or perhaps rather of a base of (
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
8:236,1191
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to gnaw, crunch, chew raw vegetables or fruits (as nuts, almonds)
    1. of animals feeding
    2. of men
  2. to eat
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (6)
Matthew
1
John
5
NAS (6)
Matthew
1
John
5
HCS (6)
Matthew
1
John
5
BSB (6)
Matthew
1
John
5
ESV (6)
Matthew
1
John
5
WEB (6)
Matthew
1
John
5
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τρώγω, Od. 6.90, etc.: fut. τρώξομαι Ar. Ach. 806, X. Smp. 4.8: aor. 1 ἔτρωξα (κατ-) Batr. 182, Hp. Nat.Mul. 8, Timo 66.6: aor. 2 ἔτρᾰγον, 3 sg. subj. τράγῃ Pherecr. 67.5 (elsewh. only in compos. with ἐν- (q. v.), κατα-, παρα-): Pass., pf. τέτρωγμαι (δια-) Ar. V. 371, (παρεν-) Eub. 15.8:

gnaw, nibble, munch, esp. of herbivorous animals, as mules, τ. ἄγρωστιν Od. 6.90; of swine, ἐρεβίνθους τ. Ar. Ach. 801, cf. 806; of cattle, τὸν θαλλόν, κόμαρον τ., Theoc. 4.45, 9.11; rarely of dogs, Εὐριπίδην ἔτρωγον Sotad. 15.15; of human beings in disease, λίθους τε καὶ γῆν τρώγουσι Hp. Prorrh. 2.31.

II of men, eat vegetables or fruit, τοὺς γενομένους [κυάμους] οὔτε τρώγουσι οὔτε ἕψοντες πατέονται Hdt. 2.37; τὸ κάτω [τῆς βύβλου ] ib. 92; τὸν καρπὸν τοῦ λωτοῦ Id. 4.177; τ. βότρυς Ar. Eq. 1077; βολβοὺς τρώγων, τυροὺς κάπτων Anaxil. 18.3 (anap.); of dessert, eat fruits, as figs, almonds, etc., Hdt. 1.71, Ar. Pax 1324, Pherecr. 159 (v. τρωγάλια) ; ἴτρια, μελίπηκτα, Sol. 38.1, Antiph. 140.4; of small fish as hors-d'oeuvres, κἀν ποίᾳ πόλει τοσοῦτος [ ὢν ] τὸ μέγεθος ἰχθῦς τρώγεται; Eup. 23 D.: abs., πίνειν καὶ τ. drink and eat dessert, D. 19.197: Com. metaph., γνώμας τ. Πανδελετείους Ar. Nu. 924 (anap.): Pass., τρώγεται ἁπαλὰ ταῦτα καὶ αὖα Hdt. 2.92.

III later, simply eat, serving as pres. to ἔφαγον instead of ἐσθίω, ὁ τρώγων μου τὴν σάρκα καὶ πίνων μου τὸ αἷμα John 6:54 (cf. aor. φάγητε.. πίητε ib. 53); τρώγοντες καὶ πίνοντες Matthew 24:38; never in LXX (ὁ ἐσθίων ἄρτους μου LXX Psalms 41:10(40).10 becomes ὁ τρώγων μου τὸν ἄρτον when cited in John 13:18); δύο τρώγομεν ἀδελφοί is dub. l. in Plb. 31.23.9; ἔδωκεν εὔζωμον νήστῃ τρώγειν SIG 1171.9 (Crete, perh. i B. C.); ἡ νὺξ τὴν ἡμέραν τ. (of a black man eating white bread) Diog.Cyn. ap. Sammelb. 5730 (iv/v A. D.); ψυχρὰ τρώγοντα κατακαίεσθαι PMag.Lond. 121.177; ἔμοιγε, ὅσσα παρ' ἀνθρώποις, τρώγειν ἔθος Batr. 34; this usage is mentioned by AB 114, censured by Phot.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* τρώγω ,

1. prop., of animals, to gnaw, munch, crunch (Hom., al.).

2. Of men, to eat raw food, as vegetables, nuts, etc. (Hdt., al.).

3. In late vernacular, simply to eat (= ἐσθίω ): Matthew 24:38, John 6:54; John 6:56-58; John 13:18 (LXX ἐσθίων ) (v. Kennedy, Sources, 82, 155; MM, xxv).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

denoting the ";lower trough"; or ";pit"; into which the juice ran from the ληνός (cf. Mark 12:1) occurs in a iv/A.D. account, P Oxy XIV. 1735.5 ̣̣π ̣ολήνια δι (πλο)κ (έραμον) α ̄

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
τρώγετε τρώγλων τρωγοντες τρώγοντες τρωγων τρώγων trogon trōgōn trṓgon trṓgōn trogontes trōgontes trṓgontes
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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