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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #51 - ἀγνόημα
- a sin committed through ignorance or thoughtlessness
I. fault of ignorance, oversight, ψυχῆς Gorg. Hel. 19, ἀ. ἕτερον προσαγνοεῖν Thphr. HP 9.4.8, cf. D.S. 1.1, Hipparch. 1.3.11, LXX Tobit 3:3, Hebrews 9:7; in pl., opp. ἁμαρτήματα, PTeb. 5.3 (ii B. C.).
II ignorance, περί τινος Str. 7.2.4.
III object of ἄγνοια, Dam. Proverbs 7:1-27.
† ἀγνόημα , -τος , τό
[in LXX: Genesis 43:12 (H4870) Tobit 3:3, Judith 5:20, Sirach 23:2, Sirach 51:19, 1 Maccabees 13:39*;]
a sin of ignorance (so in Papyri; v. MM, VGT, s.v.): Hebrews 9:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The royal decree of Euergetes II. and the two Cleopatras, P Tebt I. 5.3 (B.C. 118), proclaims an amnesty for all their subjects for ἀγνοημάτων ἁμαρτημ [άτ ]ων [ἐ ]ν ̣κλημάτων καταγνωσμάτων (see note), where the difference between the first two words is brought out by the editors’ rendering, ";errors,"; ";crimes"; : cf. Archiv ii. p. 483 ff. An inscription from Egypt, OGIS 116.2 (ii/B.C.), has συγγνώ [μην. . .] αν γεγονόσιν ἀγνοήμα [σιν. . .] in a broken context, but the meaning seems clear. The combination quoted above from P Tebt I. 5 apparently recurs in BGU IV. 1185.7 (i/B.C.) ἀγνοημ ]άτων ἁμαρτημάτων καταγνωσμα ̣τω [ν. . .]ν ̣ σ ̣κεπεστικῶν αἰτιῶν πασῶν κτλ. Similarly in P Par 63xiii. 2 one of the Ptolemies writes ἀπολελυκότες πάντας τοὺς ἐνεσχημένους ἔν τισιν ἀγνοήμασιν ἢ ἁμαρτήμασιν ἕως τῆς `iq τοῦ ἐπείφ. (On ἐνέχεσθαι ἐν see Proleg. p. 61 f.). The Seleucid Demetrius uses a like combination in 1 Maccabees 13:39; and it is further found in Tobit 3:3, and Sirach 23:2 (cited by Thayer). Ἀγνόημα is accordingly marked by this association as meaning an offence of some kind, and ";error"; is its natural equivalent : so in Hebrews 9:7.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26