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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4992 - σωτήριον

neuter of the same as (G4991) as (properly, concretely) noun
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  1. saving, bringing salvation
  2. he who embodies this salvation, or through whom God is about to achieve it
  3. the hope of (future) salvation
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8002 ‑ שֶׁלֶם (sheh'‑lem);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Luke 2
Acts 1
Ephesians 1
Titus 1
NAS (6)
Luke 2
Acts 1
Ephesians 1
Titus 2
HCS (5)
Luke 2
Acts 1
Ephesians 1
Titus 1
BSB (5)
Luke 2
Acts 1
Ephesians 1
Titus 1
ESV (4)
Luke 1
Acts 1
Ephesians 1
Titus 1
WEB (5)
Luke 2
Acts 1
Ephesians 1
Titus 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Neuter of the same as G4991 as (properly concrete) noun

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σωτήριος, σωτήριον (σωτήρ), from Aeschylus, Euripides, Thucydides down, saving, bringing salvation: χάρις σωτήριος, Titus 2:11 (Wis. 1:14; 3Macc. 7:18; σωτήριος δίαιτα, Clement of Alexandria, Paedag., p. 48 edition Sylb.). Neuter τό σωτήριον (the Sept. often for יְשׁוּעָה, less frequently for יֶשַׁע ), as often in Greek writings, substantively, safety, in the N. T. (the Messianic) salvation (see σῴζω, b. and in σωτηρία): with τοῦ Θεοῦ added, decreed by God, Luke 3:6 (from Isaiah 40:5); Acts 28:28; Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 35, 12 [ET]; he who embodies this salvation, or through whom God is about to achieve it: of the Messiah, Luke 2:30 (τό σωτήριον ἡμῶν, Ἰησοῦς Χριστός, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 36, 1 [ET] (where see Harnack)); simply, equivalent to the hope of (future) salvation, Ephesians 6:17. (In the Sept. τό σωτήριον is often used for שֶׁלֶם, a thank-offering (or 'peace-offering'), and the plural occurs in the same sense in Xenophon, Polybius, Diodorus, Plutarch, Lucian, Herodian.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σωτήριος , -ον

(< σωτήρ ),

[in LXX for H3444, H8002, etc.;]

saving, bringing salvation, in NT always in spiritual sense (see σώζω , σωτηρία ): ἡ χάρις ἡ σ ., Titus 2:1. Neut., -τὸ σ ., as subst. (cl.), salvation: Luke 2:30; τ . σ . τ . θεοῦ , Luke 3:6, Acts 28:28; περικεφαλαίαν τοῦ σ ., Ephesians 6:17.†

σωτήριον , see σωτήριος .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

(1) ";honour,"; as in John 4:44 : P Tebt I. 33.4 (B.C. 112) (= Selections, p. 30) preparations for the visit of a Roman senator, who is described as ἐν μίζονι ἀξιώματι κα [ ] τιμῆι κείμενος, ";occupying a position of highest rank and honour,"; and P Oxy I. 41.17 (iii/iv A.D.) account of a popular demonstration in honour of the prytanis, who replies τὴν μὲν παρ᾽ ὑμῶν τιμὴν ἀσπάζομαι καί γε ἐπὶ τούτῳ σφόδρα χαίρω, ";I acknowledge with great pleasure the honour which you do me"; (Edd.). Hence the phrase εἰς τὴν τιμήν, ";out of regard for,"; in such passages as BGU III. 844.19 (A.D. 83) (= Olsson Papyrusbriefe, p. 140) καλῶς δὲ ποιήσεις παρασχὼν Διοσκόρῳ χάνας ι ̄ εἰς ἐμὴν τειμήν, and P Giss I. 66.11 (early ii/A.D.) ἐρωτῶ [σ ]ε εἴς τε τὴν τῶν θεῶν εὐσέβειαν καὶ εἰς ἡμετέραν ̣ τιμὴν ̣ ἀπολῦσαι αὐτο ̣[ν. With 1 Corinthians 12:23 we may compare BGU IV. 1141.19 (B.C. 14) ει ̣̔ς ̣ σὺ μέν μοι καὶ τιμὴν περιτιθεῖς.

In further reference to τιμή = ";honour,"; ";esteem,"; we may cite from the inscrr. Priene 105.16 (c. B.C. 9) (= OGIS 458), where things are said to have been so arranged according to the divine will, ἵνα ἀφορμὴ γένοιτο τῆς εἰς τὸν Σεβαστὸν τιμῆς, ";that there may be an opportunity of paying honour to the Emperor (Augustus)"; : cf. 1 Timothy 1:17, Revelation 4:9, al., and see Rouffiac Recherches, p. 11. In C. and b. i. p. 101 Ramsay notes that in Phrygia the erection of a gravestone is regarded as ";a distinction and prerogative (τιμή) of the dead man and living god.";

(2) ";price,"; as in Matthew 27:6 : P Petr II. 38 (b).2 (iii/B.C.) προσπέπτωκέ μοι. . . τὸ ἔλαιον π [ωλ ]εῖσθαι πλείονος τιμῆς τῆς ἐν τῶι προστάγμα [τι ] διασεσαφημένης, ";it has transpired to me that oil is sold at a higher price than that fixed in the Royal decree"; (Ed.), P Lond 42.17 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 30, UPZ i. p. 300, Selections, p. 10) εἰς πᾶν τι ἐληλυθυῖα διὰ τὴν τοῦ σίτου τιμήν, ";having come to the last extremity because of the high price of corn,"; P Fay 11.30 (c. B.C. 115) πραχθῆναί μοι αὐτὸν τ [ ]ν ὡρισμέν [η ]ν τειμὴν τῆς ἀρ (τάβης), ";that he shall be made to pay me the price fixed for each artaba"; (Edd.), BGU IV. 1205.18 (B.C. 28) πέπομφά σοι τιμὴν τοῦ ἐνκοιμήτρου (δραχμὰς) ρ ̄κ ̄, ib. 1206.14 (B.C. 28) διανδραγα [θ ]ε ̣ῖτε ἐν τῆι εἰσαγῆι τῆς τιμῆς [τ ]οῦ φακοῦ καὶ ὀλώρας, P Ryl II. 229.13 (A.D. 38) τοῦ λοιπ (οῦ) τῆς τιμῆ (ς) τοῦ χόρτου πρόχρησον ἕως οὗ παραγένωμαι, ";as to the rest of the price for the hay make provision until I come"; (Edd.), P Fay 122.10 (c. A.D. 100) ἕως ἀπολαβὼν τὸ λοιπὸν τῆς τιμ [ ]ς πάλιν σοι γράψω, ";until I get the remainder of the price and write to you again"; (Edd.), ib. 90.18 (A.D. 234) τὴν ἐπὶ τοῦ καιροῦ ἐσο (μένην) πλ [ ]στην τει (μήν), ";the highest current price at the time being"; (Edd.), P Grenf II. 67.18 (A.D. 237) (= Selections, p. 109) ἀραβῶνος [τῇ τ ]ιμῇ ἐλλογουμέν [ο ]υ ̣ σ ̣[ο ]ι ̣ ";earnest money to be reckoned by you in the price,"; ib. 77.17, .18 (iii/iv A.D.) (= Selections, p. 121) τιμ () φαρμάκου. . . τιμ () οἴνου, ";the price of medicine . . . the price of wine,"; in a note of funeral expenses.

Swete suggests that there may be a play on the double sense of τιμή in Ev. Petr. 3 where the multitude are described as scourging Jesus and saying Ταύτῃ τῇ τιμῇ τιμήσωμεν τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ θεοῦ, ";with this honour let us honour,"; or ";at this price let us apprize, the Son of God.";

For τίμημα see P Grenf II. 67.12 (hire of dancing girls—A.D. 237) (= Selections, p. 108) ὑπὲρ τιμήμα [τος ] πασῶν τῶν ἡμερῶν [πυρο ]ῦ ἀρτάβας γ ̄, ";by way of payment for the whole period three artabae of wheat,"; PSI IV. 313.5 (iii/iv A.D.) τὸ συνφωνηθὲν τίμημα μ [ετ ]αξὺ μαρτύρων, and for τίμησις see ib. 327.10 (B.C. 259–8) τίμησ ̣ις ἣν ἐλάβομεν παρὰ Βουβάλου. Note also the adj. πρόστειμος (not in LS8) in P Ryl II. 244.14 (iii/A.D.) πάντα γὰρ πρόστειμα γέγονεν, ";for everything has risen in price"; (Edd.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σωτήρια σωτηριον σωτηρίον σωτήριον σωτήριόν σωτηριος σωτηρίος σωτήριος σωτηριου σωτηρίου σωτηρίω σωτηρίων σωφάρ soterion sotḗrion sotḗrión sōtērion sōtḗrion sōtḗrión soterios sotḗrios sōtērios sōtḗrios soteriou soteríou sōtēriou sōtēríou