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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4858 - συμφωνία

from (G4859)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. music
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

συμφων-ία, ἡ, concord or unison of sound, τὴν ἐν τῇ ᾠδῇ ἁρμονίαν, ἢ δὴ ς. καλεῖται Pl. Cra. 405d; ἡ γὰρ ἁρμονία ς. ἐστί, ς. δὲ ὁμολογία τις Id. Smp. 187b, cf. R. 430e; λόγος ἀριθμῶν ἐν ὀξεῖ ἢ βαρεῖ Arist. AP 0.90a18, cf. de An. 426a29; κρᾶσίς ἐστι λόγον ἐχόντων ἐναντίων πρὸς ἄλληλα Id. Pr. 921a2.

2. of two sounds only, musical concord, accord, such as the fourth, fifth, and octave, Pl. R. 531a, 531c; ἡ διὰ πασῶν ς. Arist. Pr. 921a13, cf. Hp. Vict. 1.8; distd. from mere ὁμοφωνία, Arist. Pol. 1263b35.

3. harmonious union of many voices or sounds, concert, οἱ τῶν ς. λόγοι, the Pythag. doctrine of the music of the spheres, Id. Cael. 290b22, cf. IG 14.793 (Naples).

II metaph., harmony, agreement, Pl. Lg. 689d, Arist. Pol. 1334b10; ς. τις καὶ ἰσότης Thphr. Fr. 89.8; ς. τῷ λόγῳ Pl. R. 401d; ς. [τῆς ψυχῆς] ἑαυτῇ Id. Ti. 47d; μείξας πάντα κατὰ συμφωνίαν, of a cook, Damox. 2.54; unanimily, ς. τῶν ἱστορησάντων Gal. 15.134; opp. διαφωνία, ib. 440; concordance, of theory with observed fact, ἔχειν τοῖς φαινομένοις ς. Epicur. Ephesians 2 p.36U., cf. Phld. Mort. 10; also ἡ πρὸς τὰ πάθη ς. Polystr. p.15 W.: in concrete sense, ἡ ς., = τὸ συμπεφωνημένον (cf. συμφωνέω 11.2), the amount agreed upon, Ostr. 364 (i A.D.).

III band, orchestra, Ἑλληνικά 1.19 (Gytheum, i A.D.), PFlor. 74.5 (ii A.D.), POxy. 1275.9 (iii A.D.), and so perh. in Plb. 26.1.4, 30.26.8, but used of a musical instrument in LXX Daniel 3:5; so Lat. symphonia, of a kind of drum, Isid. Etym. 3.22.14, but of a wind instrument, Plin. HN 8.157; symphoniae et cymbala strepitusque, Cels. 3.18.10; ἤκουσε συμφωνίας καὶ Χορῶν Luke 15:25.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

συμφωνία, συμφωνίας, (σύμφωνος) (from Plato down), music: Luke 15:25. (Polybius 28, 10, 5; (plural of 'the music of the spheres,' Aristotle, de caelo 2, 9, p. 290b, 22; others.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

συμφωνία , -ας ,

(< σύμφωνος ),

[in LXX: Da LXX TH Daniel 3:5; Daniel 3:15, TH Daniel 3:7; Daniel 3:10 (H5481) 4 Maccabees 14:3 A *;]

1. symphony, music: Luke 15:25.

2. a musical instrument (Polyb., al.; Da, ll. c.; v MM, xxiv).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

συνστέλλω, which is used of time, ";draw together,"; ";shorten"; in 1 Corinthians 7:29, is applied to the ";curtailing"; of expenses in P Amh II. 70 (a).3 (c. A.D. 115) κελεύσαντος συσταλῆναι τὰ πολλὰ τῶν ἀν ̣α ̣λωμάτων τῆ [ς γυ ]μνασιαρχίας, P Ryl II. 225.45 (ii/iii A.D.) δαπανῶν συσταλ (εισῶν) (δραχμαὶ) γ ̄, and Syll 730 (= .3 1102).11 (B.C. 175–4) ἵνα συνσταλῶσιν αἱ λίαν ἄκαιροι δαπάναι.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
συμφωνιας συμφωνίας sumphonias sumphōnias symphonias symphonías symphōnias symphōnías
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