the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #483 - ἀντιλέγω
- to speak against, gainsay, contradict
- to oppose one's self to one, decline to obey him, declare one's self against him, refuse to have anything to do with him
Hdt., Com., and Att. Prose (cf. ἀνταγορεύω): fut. ἀντιλέξω E. Hipp. 993, Ar. Ra. 998, Lys. 8.10 (but the common fut. is ἀντερῶ): aor. ἀντέλεζα S. OT 409, Ar. Nu. 1040 (but the aor. commonly used is ἀντεῖπον): pf. ἀντείρηκα: fut. Pass. ἀντειρήσομαι: —
1. speak against, gainsay, contradict, τινί Th. 5.30, Pl. Smp. 216b, X. Mem. 4.6.13, etc.; περί τινος Th. 8.53, X. Mem. 4.4.8; ὑπὲρ τῶν δικαίων ib. 3.5.12; πρός τι 1.2.17; πρός πάντα τὰ δίκαια Ar. Nu. 888: — often folld. by a dependent clause, ἀ. ὡς.. declare in opposition or answer that.., χρησμοῖσι οὐκ ἔχω ἀντιλέγειν ὡς οὐκ εἰσὶ ἀληθέες Hdt. 8.77, cf. Ar. Eq. 980, Th. 8.24, X. An. 2.3.25, etc.; οὐ τοῦτό γ' ἀντιλέγουσιν, ὡς οὐ.. Arist. Pol. 1287b23; also ἀ. ὑπέρ τινος ὡς.. Th. 8.45: so c. inf., ἀ. ποιήσειν ταῦτα, ἤν.. to reply that they will.., if.., Id. 1.28; ἀ. μὴ κτεῖναι Μυτιληναίους Id. 3.41; ἀ. τὸ μὴ οὐ ἀξιοῦσθαί τινα X. Cyr. 2.2.20.
2. c. acc. rei, ἴσ' ἀντιλέξαι S. OT 409; ἀ. τὸν ἐναντίον λόγον Lys. 8.11; μῦθον ἀ. τινί tell one tale in reply to another, Ar. Lys. 806; ἀντιλέγομεν πρᾶγμά τι Men. Epit. 8: — Pass., to be disputed, questioned, X. HG 6.5.37; of a place, ὑπό τινος ἀντιλεγόμενον counter-claimed, ib. 3.2.30; ἀντιλέγεσθαι μικρὸν πρός τινα περί τινος D. 27.15; τὰ ἀντιλεγόμενα points in dispute, Aeschin. 2.44; πρὸς τὰ ἀντειρημένα κτλ., title of work by Chrysippus, Stoic. 2.8; τόπος ἀντιλλεγόμενος (sic) IG 5(2).443.15 (Megalopolis, ii B.C.): abs., -λέγεται περί τινος Str. 8.6.6; of the genuineness of literary works, to be disputed, Plu. 2.839c.
3. abs., speak in opposition, Hdt. 9.42, E. Hipp. 993, Ar. Ra. 1076, etc.; ὁ ἀντιλέγων the opponent, Pl. Prt. 335a; οἱ ἀντιλέγοντες Th. 8.53; λαὸς ἀπειθῶν καὶ -λέγων LXX Isaiah 65:2.
ἀντιλέγω; (imperfect ἀντέλεγον); to speak against, gainsay, contradict; absolutely: Acts 13:45 (L Tr WH omit); Acts 28:19; Titus 1:9. τίνι, Acts 13:45. followed by μή and the accusative with an infinitive: Luke 20:27 (L marginal reading Tr WH λέγοντες) (as in Greek writings; see Passow (or Liddell and Scott), under the word; (Winers Grammar, § 65, 2b; Buttmann, 355 (305))). "to oppose oneself to one, decline to obey him, declare oneself against him, refuse to have anything to do with him" (cf. Winer's Grammar, 23 (22)): τίνι, John 19:12 (Lucian, dial. inferor. 30, 3); absolutely, Romans 10:21 (cf. Meyer); Titus 2:9 (Achilles Tatius (
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ἀντι -λέγω ,
contradict, oppose, resist (v. Field, Notes, 106; MM, VGT, s.v.); absol.: Acts 28:19, Romans 10:21, Titus 1:9; Titus 2:9; c. dat., John 19:12, Acts 13:45; c. acc et inf., Luke 20:27 T; pass., Luke 2:34, Acts 28:22.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The strong sense of ἀ. in Romans 10:21, ";contradict,"; ";oppose"; may be illustrated by P Oxy VIII. 1148.5 ff. (i/A.D.) where an oracle is consulted as to whether it is better for a certain man and his wife μὴ συμφωνῆσαι νῦν τῷ πατρὶ α (ὐτοῦ) ἀλλὰ ἀντιλέγειν καὶ μὴ διδόναι γράμματα, ";not to agree now with his father, but to oppose him and make no contract"; (Ed.). A somewhat weaker usage appears in Syll 52331 (iii/B.C.) ἐὰν δὲ οἱ γραμματοδιδάσκαλοι ἀντιλέγωσιν πρὸς αὑτοὺς περὶ τοῦ πλήθους τῶν παίδων, ib. 540.48 (ii/B.C.), ἐὰν δὲ πρὸς αὑτοὺς ἀντιλέγωσιν οἱ ἐργῶναι περί τινος τῶν γεγραμμένων. Cf. also P Oxy I. 67.10 (a dispute regarding property, A.D. 338) ει᾽ πρὸς τὴν τῶν. . . οἰκοπ [έ ]δ [ων ] ἀποκατάστασιν. . . οἱ ἐ [= αἰ ]τιαθ [έν ]τες ἀντιλέγοιεν, ";if the accused persons protest against the restoration of the estates"; (Edd.), ib. X. 1252 verso.87 (A.D. 288–95) ἀντιλέγοντες ἔρρωνται, ";persist in their refusal"; (Edd.), and ib. II. 237 v. 13 (petition of Dionysia, A.D. 186) ̣ὁ ̣δὲ παρὼν ἀναγνωσθέντος τοῦ βιβλειδίου πρὸ βήματος ἐσιώπησεν, οὐδὲν ἀντειπεῖν δυνά [με ]νο [ς ] : so CPHerm 7 i. 15 (? ii/A.D.) εἰ δὲ θέλετε ἑτέραν γενέσθαι οὐκ ἀντιλέγω, οὐ γὰρ δύναμαι.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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