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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4773 - συγγενής

Transliteration
syngenḗs
Phonetics
soong-ghen-ace'
Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4862) and (G1085)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
7:736,1097
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συγγένεια
 
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. of the same kin, akin to, related by blood
  2. in a wider sense, of the same nation, a fellow countryman
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1730 ‑ דֹּד (dode, dode);  1733 ‑ דּוֹדָה (do‑daw');  4940 ‑ מִשְׁפָּחָה (mish‑paw‑khaw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (12)
Mark 1
Luke 5
John 1
Acts 1
Romans 4
HCS (0)
HCS (12)
Mark 1
Luke 5
John 1
Acts 1
Romans 4
BSB (12)
Mark 1
Luke 5
John 1
Acts 1
Romans 4
ESV (12)
Mark 1
Luke 5
John 1
Acts 1
Romans 4
WEB (11)
Mark 1
Luke 5
John 1
Acts 1
Romans 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

συγγεν-ής, ές, congenital, inborn, ἦθος Pi. O. 13.13; εὐδοξία Id. N. 3.40; ς. εἶδος,= φύσις, character, Hp. Hum. 1; νόσημα ς. ἐστί τινι Id. Prorrh. 2.2; φόβος A. Eu. 691; παύροις . . ἐστι συγγενὲς τόδε natural to them, Id. Ag. 832; ἡ τύχη προσγίγνεθ' ἡμῖν ς. τῷ σώματι Philem. 10; πότμος ς . Pi. N. 5.40; προϊδεῖν ς. οἷς ἕπεται who have the natural gift to foresee, ib. 1.28; συγγενεῖς μῆνες my connate months, the months of my natural life, S. OT 1082; ς. τρίχες the hair born with one, i.e. the hair of the head as opp. to the beard, Arist. HA 518a18, 584a24; σημεῖα ς . birth -marks, ib. 585b31; δυνάμεις αἱ ς., opp. αἱ ἔθει and αἱ μαθήσει, Id. Metaph. 1047b31; αὔξει τὸ ς . increases its natural force, Id. EN 1119b9 . Adv., -νῶς δύστηνος miserable from his birth, E. HF 1293; v. σύμφυτος .

II of the same kin, descent, or family, akin to, τινι Hdt. 1.109, 3.2, E. Heracl. 229: abs., akin, cognate, θεός A. Proverbs 14:1-35; γυνή E. Andr. 887; χείρ S. OC 1387; συγγενέστατον φύσει πάντων most nearly akin, Is. 11.17; ς. γάμος ἀνεψιῶν A. Pr. 855; of animals, Arist. HA 539a23, GA 747a31, al.: hence, Subst., kinsman, relative, οὖσα ς. ἐκείνου Ar. Pax 618 (troch.); τῆς ἐμῆς γυναικὸς ξυγγενεῖ (dual) Id. Av. 368 (troch.); πρὸς ς. τε καὶ οἰκείους αὐτῶν Pl. R. 378c; ἔργον εὑρεῖν συγγενῆ πένητός ἐστιν Men. 4; γάμει τὴν συγγενῆ Id. 929: freq. in pl., οἱ ς . kinsfolk, kinsmen, Pi. P. 4.133, Hdt. 2.91, etc.; not properly applied to children ( ἔκγονοι ) in relation to their parents, and so opp. ἔκγονοι in Is. 8.30, v. συγγένεια 1 (but cf. And. 1.17 ); τοῖς συγγενέσι τὰ τοῦ συγγενοῦς ψηφίζεσθαι Is. 4.23 . τὸ ς.,= συγγένεια, kindred, relationship, A. Pr. 291 (anap.), S. El. 1469, Th. 3.82, etc.; also, the spirit of one's race, Pi. P. 10.12, N. 6.8; εἰ τούτῳ προσήκει Λαΐῳ τι ς . if he had any connexion with him, S. OT 814; of tribes, κατὰ τὸ ξ . Th. 1.95 .

2. metaph., akin, cognate, of like kind, τοὺς τρόπους οὐ συγγενής Ar. Eq. 1280 (troch.), cf. Th. 574; ξυγγενὴς ὁ κύσθος αὐτῆς θητέρᾳ (for τῷ τῆς ἑτέρας ) Id. Ach. 789; freq. in Pl., [ ἡ ψυχὴ] ς. οὖσα τῷ θείῳ R. 611e; τῇ πολεμικῇ ς. ἡ πάλη Lg. 814d; τοῖς . . λόγοις τὴν αἰτίαν συγγενῆ δεῖ νομίζειν Arist. GA 788b9, cf. Rh. 1398a21 ( Comp. ): rarely c. gen., νοῦς αἰτίας ς . Pl. Phlb. 31a, cf. Phd. 79d, R. 403a, 487a: abs., ς. τιμωρίαι fitting, proper punishments, Lycurg. 122 (but prob. f.l. for εὐγ- ) ; συγγενῆ things of the same kind, homogeneous, Arist. APo. 76a1; τὰ ς. καὶ τὰ ὁμοειδῆ Id. Rh. 1405a35; ς. τέχναι Stoic. 2.30; ἐν γαίῃ μὲν σῶμα τὸ ς . its congener, IG 9(1).882.7 (Corc[*]ra). Adv., συγγενῶς ἔρχεσθαι Pl. Lg. 897c; ς. τρέχων Πλάτωνι Alex. 1 (codd. D.L. ); τὰ ς. εἰρημένα to similar effect, Phld. Mus. p.92K.

III συγγενής represented a title bestowed at the Persian court by the king as a mark of honour, 'cousin', X. Cyr. 1.4.27, 2.2.31, D.S. 16.50; also at the Ptolemaic and Seleucid courts, OGI 104.2 (Delos, ii B.C. ), al., BGU 1741.12 (i B.C.), LXX 1 Maccabees 10:89; οἱ ς. τῶν κατοίκων ἱππέων prob. a category of nobles among the κάτοικοι, PTeb. 61 ( b ). 79 (ii B.C.); συγγενεῖς κάτοικοι UPZ 14.8 (ii B.C.) .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

συγγενής, συγγενες (accusative singular συγγενῆ, and in Romans 16:11 Treg. συγγενην; see ἄρσην), dative plural συγγενέσιν and (in Mark 6:4 T Tr (WH, also in Luke 2:44 WH) according to a barbarous declension, cf. (1 Macc. 10:89) Buttmann, 25 (22)) συγγενεῦσιν (σύν and γένος) (from Pindar, Aeschylus down; the Sept.), of the same kin, akin to, related by blood, (Pliny,congener): Mark 6:4; Luke 2:44; Luke 21:16; τίνος, Luke (); ; John 18:26; Acts 10:24; Revelation 16:7, 11, 21 (see below); συγγενής, Luke 1:36 R G Tr (Leviticus 18:14); in a wider sense, of the same race, a fellow-countryman: Romans 9:3 ((so some take the word in , above; cf. Lightfoot on Philippians, p. 175)).

STRONGS NT 4773: συγγενίς συγγενίς, συγγενιδος, (see the preceding word), a later Greek word ((Plutarch, quaest. Romans 6); like ἐυγενις, cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 451f; cf. Winers Grammar, 69 (67); Kühner, i., p. 419 Anm. 8), a kinswoman: τίνος, Luke 1:36 L T WH.


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

**† συγγενεύς , see σνγγενής .

σνγγενής , -ές

(dat. pl., -εῦσιν , Mark 6:4, Luke 2:44, as though from -εύς , v. Swete, Mk., l.c.; Bl., § 8, 6; cf. 1 Maccabees 10:89 A א 2 *;)

(< σύν , γένος ),

[in LXX for H1730, H1733, H4940;]

1. congenital, natural, innate.

2. akin to; as subst., a kinsman: Mark 6:4, Luke 1:58; Luke 2:44; Luke 14:12; Luke 21:16, John 18:26, Acts 10:24; of tribal kinship, Romans 9:3; Romans 16:7; Romans 16:11; Romans 16:21.†

SYN.: ἴδιος G2398, οἰκεῖος G3609 (q.v.).

*† συγγενίς , -ίδος , ,

late fem. form of σνγγενής , q.v.,

a kinswoman: Luke 1:36.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
συγγενεις συγγενείς συγγενεῖς συγγενέσθαι συγγενέσι συγγενέσιν συγγενευσιν συγγενεῦσιν συγγενη συγγενή συγγενῆ συγγενης συγγενής συγγενὴς συγγενις συγγενίς συγγενούς συγγενώμεθα συγγενων συγγενών συγγενῶν sungene sungenē sungeneis sungenes sungenēs sungeneusin sungenis sungenon sungenōn syngene syngenê syngenē syngenē̂ syngeneis syngeneîs syngenes syngenēs syngenḕs syngeneusin syngeneûsin syngenis syngenís syngenon syngenôn syngenōn syngenō̂n
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