the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4742 - στίγμα
- a mark pricked in or branded upon the body. To ancient oriental usage, slaves and soldiers bore the name or the stamp of their master or commander branded or pricked (cut) into their bodies to indicate what master or general they belonged to, and there were even some devotee's who stamped themselves in this way with the token of their gods
στῐγ-μα, ατος, τό,
tattoo-mark, Hdt. 5.35, Arist. HA 585b33, GA 721b32, IG 42(1).121.48, al. (Epid., iv B.C. ), Polyaen. 1.24; ς. ἱρά, showing that the persons so marked were devoted to the service of the temple, Hdt. 2.113; esp. of a slave, Pl.Com. 187, Ps.-Phoc. 225, Cod.Theod. 10. 22.4; or a soldier, ibid., Aët. 8.12; στίγματα ἐξαίρει βατράχειον καταπλασθέν Dsc. Eup. 1.110: so metaph., ς. Ἰησοῦ Ep.Galatians 6:17 (pl.); ἀνωφελῆ ς ., of inscribed laws, D.Chr. 80.5 .
2. generally, mark, spot, as on the dragon's skin, Hes. Sc. 166, cf. Paus. 8.2.7, 8.4.7 .
3. stud, LXX Ca. 1.11 .
4. ς. χρυσοῦν colour of gold, Ps. Democr. ap.Zos.Alch. p.119 B., cf.p.126 B.
5. = cicatricis signum, Gloss.
στίγμα, στιγματος, τό (from στίζω to prick; (cf. Latinstimulus, etc.; German stechen, English stick, sting, etc.; Curtius, § 226)), a mark pricked in or branded upon the body. According to ancient oriental usage, slaves and soldiers bore the name or stamp of their master or commander branded or pricked (cut) into their bodies to indicate what master or general they belonged to, and there were even some devotees who stamped themselves in this way with the token of their gods (cf. Deyling, Observations, iii., p. 423ff); hence, τά στίγματα τοῦ (κυρίου so Rec.) Ἰησοῦ, the marks of (the Lord) Jesus, which Paul in Galatians 6:17 says he bears branded on his body, are the traces left there by the perils, hardships, imprisonments, scourgings, endured by him for the cause of Christ, and which mark him as Christ's faithful and approved votary, servant, soldier (see Lightfoots Commentary on Galatians, the passage cited). (Herodotus 7, 233; Aristotle, Aelian, Plutarch, Lcian, others.)
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στίγμα -τος , τό
(< στίζω , to prick),
[in LXX: (H5351) *;]
a tattoed mark or brand: τὰ σ . τοῦ Ἰησοῦ , Galatians 6:17 (v. Lft., in l; Deiss., BS, 349; LAE, 303; MM, xxiii).†
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";send along with."; For constr. c. acc. and dat., as in 2 Corinthians 8:22, cf. P Oxy II. 237 v. 29 (A.D. 186) οὐδὲν δὲ ἧττον συνπέμψας τῇ ἐπιστολῇ. Other exx. of the verb are P Flor II. 215.12 (A.D. 256) τὸ δὲ ἐπιστόλιον ὃ συνέπεμψα πρὸς Ἥρωνα, and OGIS 315.80 (B.C. 164–159) συν [πε ]μφθῆναί τινα αὐτῶι παρὰ σοῦ. For the meaning ";send to the help of,"; see Chrest. I. 11.47 (B.C. 123) παρακαλέ [σα ]ντες κα [ὶ ] ἡμᾶς συ [ν ]πέμψαι αὐτοῖς ἐξ ἡμῶν ε [ἰ ]ς Ἑρμῶν <θιν > τοὺς ἴσους ἄνδ (ρας) θ ̄.
For this verb = ";fall together,"; ";fall in,"; as in Luke 6:49, cf. P Oxy IX. 1188.24 (A.D. 13) ἀκάνθας συνπεπτωκ (υίας) δύο, ";two fallen acacia trees,"; ib. II. 248.28 (A.D. 80) κοινωνικῆς ἐπαύλεως συνπεπ [τω ]κυίας, and ib. III. 510.13 (A.D. 101) μέρεσι οἰκίας συμπεπτωκυίης, ";shares of a house that has fallen in."; Cf. the use of the subst. in BGU II. 475.7 (ii/A.D.) ἄλλων (sc. τόπων) . . . δηλωθέντων εἶναι ἐν συμπτώσι, and of the adj. συμπτώσιμος in P Goodsp Cairo 13.4 (A.D. 341) ἀπὸ διαθ ̣[έσε ]ως παλαιᾶς συμπτωσίμοις (l. συμπτωσίμου) οἰκίας.
The verb is also used = ";meet with anyone,"; as in P Par 49.10 (before B.C. 161) (= UPZ i. 62.10) τοῦ δὲ ἀδελφοῦ σου συμπεσόντος μοι, P Tebt I. 58.56 (B.C. 111) ἐὰν δεῖ συνπεσῖν τῶι Ἀνικήτωι σύνπεσαι, ";if you must meet Anicetus, meet him.";
A compd. συνεμπίπτω is seen in P Oxy II. 243.33 (A.D. 79) σὺν τοῖς καὶ εἰς τούτους συνεμπεσουμένοις φοριτίοις πᾶσι, ";together with all the fixtures that may be included in them"; (Edd.).
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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