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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4673 - σορός

probably akin to the base of (G4987)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. an urn or receptacle for keeping the bones of the dead
  2. the funeral couch or bier on which the Jews carried their dead forth to burial
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 727 ‑ אָרֹן (aw‑rone', aw‑rone');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
WEB ( 0 )
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σορός, ἡ,

vessel for holding human remains, cinerary urn, ὣς δὲ καὶ ὀστέα νῶϊν ὁμὴ ς. ἀμφικαλύπτοι Il. 23.91; coffin, Hdt. 1.68, 2.78, Ar. Ach. 691, Lys. 600, etc.; of stone, Thphr. Ign. 46, Dsc. 5.124: prov., τὸν ἕτερον πόδα ἐν τῇ ς. ἔχειν Luc. Herm. 78; bier, Ev.Luke 7:14, PLond. 1.121.236 (iii A.D.) .

II as nickname of an old man or woman, Ar. V. 1365, Macho ap. Ath. 13.580c .

III αἱ δημόσιαι ς . dub. sens. in PLips. 86.11 (iv A.D.) .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σορός , -οῦ , ,

[in LXX: Genesis 50:26 (H727), Job 21:32 A *;]

(a) a cinerary urn (Hom.);

(b) a coffin (Hdt., i, 68, 3, a1.): Luke 7:14.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT


";relative,"; with reference to blood-relationship : cf. P Grenf II. 78.13 (A.D. 307) συγγε [νεῖς ἀ ]δελφοί, and P Fay I. 115.4 (A.D. 101) ἀγόρασον ἡμῖν δύωι συγενῆ χυρίδια (l. συγγενῆ χοιρίδια), ";buy us two pigs of a litter"; (Edd.). See also Aristeas 7 οὐ μόνον κατὰ τὸ συγγενὲς ἀδελφῷ καθεστῶτι, ";not only does thy character shew thee to be my brother by birth"; (Thackeray).

The word is common along with κύριος in the sense of ";guardian kinsman"; : e.g. BGU III. 975.13 (A.D. 45) (= Selections, p. 42) μετὰ γυρίου τοῦ ἑ (α)υτῆς συνγηνος Σαταβοῦς, ";along with her guardian kinsman Satabous,"; P Tebt II. 381.5 (A.D. 123) (=Selections, p. 77) Θαῆσις. . . μετὰ κυρίου τοῦ ἑαυτῆς συνγενοῦς Κρονίωνος, ib. 311.11 (A.D. 134), and P Lond 903.8 (early ii/A.D.) (= III. p. 116).

For the extension of the word to denote all of the same nationality (as in Romans 9:3) or of the same tribe (as in Rom. 16:7, 11; 21), see W. M. Ramsay Cities p. 177 f. For the first of these uses we may cite the difficult phrase συγγενεῖς κάτοικοι, as in P Tebt I. 61(b)79 (B.C 118-7) τῶν στρατευομένων ἐν τοῖς συγ [γ ]ενέσι τῶν κατοίκων ἱπέων , ib. 6258 (B.C. 119-8) συγγενῶν κατοίκων ἱππέων : see GH ad ib. 329, where the suggestion is thrown out that the class referred to is perhaps to be connected with an arrangement by ";nationalities."; Schubart (Archiv ii. p. 153) thinks that the reference is rather to a special class of κάτοικοι perhaps ";a more distinguished regiment"; (";ein vornehmeres Regiment";)

In any case this may lead us to the use of συγγενής as the highest honorific title introduced by the Ptolemies (cf. the OT apocryphal books and the use of ";cousin"; by the King of England) : see e.g. P Amh II. 36.1 (c. B.C. 135) βοήθω [ι ] συνγενεῖ κα [ὶ ἐπιστρ ]ατήγωι ̣ καὶ στρ [α ]τηγῶι τῆς Θηβ [αίδ ]ος, and from the inscrr. OGIS 104.2 (c. B.C. 190) Χρύσερμον. . . τὸν συγγενῆ βασιλέως Πτολεμαίου καὶ ἐξηγητήν, ib. 137.9 (B.C. 146–116) Λόχον τὸν συγγενέα [καὶ ] στρατηγόν, and Perg 248.28 (B.C. 135–4) Ἀθήναιος ὁ Σωσάνδρου υἱός, τοῦ γενομένου ἱερέως τοῦ Καθηγεμόνος [Δι ]ονύσου καὶ συντρόφου τοῦ πατρός μου, ὅτι μὲν ἡμῶν ἐστὶ συ [γ ]γενής.


";relative."; The dat. plur. συγγενεῦσι (Mark 6:4, Luke 2:44, 1 Maccabees 10:89 A—WH Notes.2, p. 165) can be cited from the Pisidian inscr. JHS xxii. (1902), p. 358 No. 118; but συγγενέσι is found in P Par 15.21 (B.C. 120), P Tebt I. 61(b).79 (B.C. 118–7), al.


";kinswoman,"; a late form (Lob. Phryn. p. 451 f,), is found in the NT only in Luke 1:36 : cf. P Amh II. 78.9 (A.D. 184) τῇ συνγενίδι μου. . . πρὸς γάμον συνελθ [ ]ν, ";being married to my kinswoman,"; and from the inscrr. BCH xxiv. (1900), p. 339.17 συνγενίδος. See also Blass-Debrunner § 59. 3 and Psaltes Gr. p. 152.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σορου σορού σοροῦ σορώ sorou soroû
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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