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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4663 - σκώληξ

of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. a worm, spec. that kind which preys upon dead bodies
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7415 ‑ רִמָּה (rim‑maw');  8438 ‑ תֹּלַעַת (to‑law', to‑lay‑aw', (3,4) to‑lah'‑ath);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Mark 3
NAS (3)
Mark 3
HCS (1)
Mark 1
BSB (1)
Mark 1
ESV (1)
Mark 1
WEB (3)
Mark 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σκώληξ, ηκος, ὁ, worm, esp. earthworm, ὥς τε σκώληξ ἐπὶ γαίῃ κεῖτο ταθείς Il. 13.654 .

2. pl., grubs or larvae of insects, Ar. V. 1111, Fr. 583, Nicopho 1, Thphr. HP 8.10.4; ἐξ οὗ ὅλου ὅλον γίνεται τὸ ζῷον, opp. the egg ( ᾠόν ), Arist. HA 489b8, cf. GA 733a1, HA 506a26, 551b2, al.

3. pl., worms in dung, in decayed matter, in trees and wood, Thphr. HP 3.12.6, 5.4.4, etc.

4. metaph., οἱ κόλακές εἰσι . . οὐσίας σκώληκες Anaxil. 33.1 .

5. aerugo vermicularis, Dsc. 5.79, Androm. ap. Gal. 13.806.

II thread twisted from the distaff, Epig. 7 . III Aeol. for κολόκυμα, Pl.Com. 25, cf. Phryn. PS p.108 B., Hsch., Phot. worm-shaped cake, Alciphr. Fr. 6. heap of threshed corn, Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σκώληξ, σκωληκος, (perhaps akin to σκολιός), a worm (Homer, Iliad 13, 654); specifically, that kind which preys upon dead bodies (Sir. 10:11 Sir. 19:3; 2 Macc. 9:9; Anthol. 7, 480, 3; 10, 78, 3): σκώληξ αὐτῶν οὐ τελευτᾷ, by a figure borrowed from Isaiah 66:24 (cf. Sir. 7:17; Judith 16:17), 'their punishment after death will never cease' (σκώληξ symbolizing perhaps the loathsomeness of the penalty), Mark 9:44, 46,(T WH omit; Tr brackets these two verses),48.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σκώληξ , -ηκος , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H8438 and cogn. forms;]

a worm: of the kind which preys upon dead bodies, metaph., of fut. punishment, Mark 9:48 (LXX, Isaiah 66:24; cf. Sirach 7:17, Judith 16:17).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

first met with in the Middle Comedy (Rutherford NP p. 475) = ";feel strong and hearty"; : cf. the cognate Lat. strenuus, Engl. ";stern."; According to Hesychius στρηνιῶντες = πεπλεγμένοι. δηλοῖ δὲ καὶ τὸ διὰ πλοῦτον ὑβρίζειν, καὶ βαρέως φέρειν. It is in this bad sense ";wax wanton"; through wealth etc. that the verb is used in Revelation 18:7; Revelation 18:9 : cf. P Meyer 20.23 (1st half iii/A.D.) μ ̣ὴ στρηνιάτω Λουκιᾶς, ἀλλὰ ἐργαζέσθω. The compd καταστρηνιάω in 1 Timothy 5:11 is rendered by Souter ";exercise my youthful vigour against"; : for similar κατα -compds see Blass-Debrunner Gr. § 181.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σκώλα σκώληκας σκώληκι σκωλήκων σκωληξ σκώληξ σκώλον skolex skōlēx skṓlex skṓlēx
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