the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4632 - σκεῦος
- a vessel
- an implement
- in the plural
- household utensils, domestic gear
- the tackle and armament of vessels, used specifically of sails and ropes
- in the plural
- a man of quality, a chosen instrument
- in a bad sense, an assistant in accomplishing an evil deed
σκεῦος, εος, τό, vessel or implement of any kind, in sg., Ar. Th. 402, Th. 4.128; in dual, σκεύη δύο χρησίμω Ar. Eq. 983, cf. Pl. R. 596b; and in pl., κλῖναι καὶ . . τἆλλα σκεύη ib. 373a, al.: — but the pl. is freq. used in a collective sense, all that belongs to a complete outfit, house-gear, utensils, chattels, opp. live-stock and fixtures, Ar. Pax 1318, Lys. 19.31, etc.; ς. γεωργικά farming implements, Ar. Pax 552; ἱερὰ ς . sacred vessels and implements, Th. 2.13, cf. IG 12.313.20; a druggist's stores, Thphr. HP 9.17.3; ς. τὰ ἐπιτράπεζα table- furniture, Id. Lap. 42; military accoutrements, equipment, τὰ περὶ τὸ σῶμα ς . Th. 6.31; τὰ τῶν ἵππων ς . X. Cyr. 4.5.55; baggage of an army, and, generally, baggage, luggage, Ar. Ra. 12, 15, X. Mem. 3.13.6; ὄνοι αὐτοῖς σκεύεσι packs and all, Id. HG 5.4.17; tackle, gear of ships, naval stores, etc., IG 12.74.14, 22.1611.10, Pl. Criti. 117d, La. 183e, X. Oec. 8.11, Arist. Ath. 46.1; ς. τριηρικά D. 47.19; τὰ σκέα ( σκεύη ) τοῦ πλοίου PSI 4.437.2 (iii B.C.) (so, collectively, in sg., Acts 27:17 ): various kinds of σκεύη catalogued by Pollux ( 10 ).
2. inanimate object, thing, opp. ζῷον, σῶμα, Pl. R. 601d, Grg. 506d; opp. ὄργανον, Democr. 159; Protagoras gave the name of σκεύη to neut. nouns, ἄρρενα καὶ θήλεα καὶ σκεύη Arist. Rh. 1407b8; ὑπηρετικὸν ς . a subordinate person, a mere tool or chattel, Plb. 13.5.7; ς. ἀγχίνουν καὶ πολυχρόνιον Id. 15.25.1: in NT, in good sense, ς. ἐκλογῆς a chosen instrument, of Paul, Acts 9:15 .
II τὸ ς . the body, as the vessel of the soul, a metaph. clearly expressed in 2 Corinthians 4:7, ἔχομεν δὲ τὸν θησαυρὸν τοῦτον ἐν ὀστρακίνοις σκεύεσιν, cf. 1 Thessalonians 4:4, 1 Peter 3:7 .
III = αἰδοῖον, APl. 4.243 ( Antist. ), Ael. NA 17.11 . sarcophagus, Jahresh. 26 Beibl. 13 (Ephesus, ii A.D. ).
σκεῦος, σκεύους, τό (probably from the root, sku, 'to cover'; cf. Latinscutum, cutis, obscurus; Curtius, § 113; Vanicek, p. 1115), from (Aristophanes), Thucydides down; the Sept. for כְּלִי;
1. a vessel: Mark 11:16; Luke 8:16; John 19:29; Acts 10:11, 16; Acts 11:5; 2 Timothy 2:20; Revelation 2:27; Revelation 18:12; τά Σκευᾶ τῆς λειτουργίας, to be used in performing religious rites, Hebrews 9:21; σκεῦος εἰς τιμήν, unto honor, i. e. for honorable use, Romans 9:21; 2 Timothy 2:21 (καθαρῶν ἔργων δοῦλα σκεύη, Wis. 15:7); εἰς ἀτιμίαν, unto dishonor, i. e. for a low use (as, a urinal), Romans 9:21; σκεύη ὀργῆς, into which wrath is emptied, i. e. men appointed by God unto woe, hence, the addition κατηρτισμένα εἰς ἀπώλειαν, Romans 9:22; σκεύη ἐλέους, fitted to receive mercy — explained by the words ἅ προητοίμασεν εἰς δόξαν, Romans 9:23; τό σκεῦος is used of a woman, as the vessel of her husband, 1 Thessalonians 4:4 (see κτάομαι; (others take it here (as in 2 Corinthians 4:7 below) of the body)); the female sex, as being weaker than the male, is likened to a σκεῦος ἀσθενεστερον, in order to commend to husbands the obligations of kindness toward their wives (for the weaker the vessels, the greater must be the care lest they be broken), 1 Peter 3:7; ὀστράκινα σκεύη is applied to human bodies, as frail, 2 Corinthians 4:7.
2. an implement; plural household utensils, mestic gear: Matthew 12:29; Mark 3:27 (Luke 17:31 (in these passages R. V. has goods); as the plural often in Greek writings denotes the tackle and armament of vessels (Xenophon, oec. 8, 12; Plato, Critias, p. 117 d.; Lach., p. 183 e.; Polyb 22, 26, 13), so the singular τό σκεῦος seems to be used specifically and collectively of the sails and ropes (R. V. gear) in Acts 27:17. metaphorically, of a man: σκεῦος ἐκλογῆς (genitive of quality), a chosen instrument (or (so A. V.) 'vessel'), Acts 9:15; in a base sense, an assistant in accomplishing evil deeds (cf. English 'tool'), σκεῦος ὑπηρετικον, Polybius 13, 5, 7; 15, 25, 1.
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σκεῦος , -ους , τό ,
[in LXX chiefly for H3627;]
a vessel, implement (for exx. in various senses, v. MM, xxii): Mark 11:16, Luke 8:16, John 19:29, Acts 10:11; Acts 10:16; Acts 11:5, Romans 9:21, Revelation 18:12; pl., 2 Timothy 2:20, Revelation 2:27; τὰ σ . τῆς λειτουργίας , Hebrews 9:21; pl., τὰ σ ., utensils, goods, Matthew 12:29, Mark 3:27, Luke 17:31; id. of the tackle or gear of a ship (Xen., Polyb., al.); so in sing., τὸ σ ., Acts 27:17. Metaph., of persons: σ . ἐκλογῆς , Acts 9:15; ὀργῆς , Romans 9:22; ἐλέους , Romans 9:23; σ . εἰς τιμήν (cf. Romans 9:21), 2 Timothy 2:21; of woman, ἀσθενέστερον σ ., 1 Peter 3:7; so perh. τ . ἑαυτοῦ σ ., 1 Thessalonians 4:4 (but v. infr.); of the body, 2 Corinthians 4:7; so perh. 1 Thessalonians 4:4 (but v. supr., and see κτάομαι ).†
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";make firm"; (Acts 3:16) : cf. Alex. Trall. II. p. 583 Putschm. (12th book), where as a charm against gout the sufferer is to write certain magic words on a gold leaf, and to add ὡς στερεοῦται ὁ ἥλιος ἐν τοῖς ὀνόμασι τούτοις καὶ ἀνακαινίζεται καθ᾽ ἑκάστην ἡμέραν, οὕτω στερεώσατε τὸ πλάσμα τοῦτο. . . (the passage is cited in P Osl I. p. 88).
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Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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