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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4501 - ῥομφαία

probably of foreign origin
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. a large sword
  2. properly a long Thracian javelin, also a kind of long sword wont to be worn on the right shoulder
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2595 ‑ חֲנִית (khan‑eeth');  2719 ‑ חֶרֶב (kheh'‑reb);  3979 ‑ מַאֲכֶלֶת (mah‑ak‑eh'‑leth);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
Luke 1
Revelation 6
HCS (0)
HCS (7)
Luke 1
Revelation 6
BSB (7)
Luke 1
Revelation 6
ESV (7)
Luke 1
Revelation 6
WEB (8)
Luke 1
Revelation 7
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ῥομφαία, ἡ,

large, broad sword, used by the Thracians, ὀρθὰς ῥ. βαρυσιδήρους ἀπὸ τῶν δεξιῶν ὤμων ἐπισείοντες Plu. Aem. 18, cf. Phylarch. Fr. 57 J., Arr. Fr. 103J.: generally, sword, LXX Genesis 3:24, al., Ev.Luke 2:35, Revelation 6:8, Jul. Ep. 89b; of the sword of Goliath, LXX 1 Samuel 17:51, J. AJ 6.12.4 .

II = νυκτερίς, Cyran. 36.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ῤομφαία, ῤομφαίας, , a large sword; properly, a long Thracian javelin (cf. Rich, Dict. of Antiq. under the word Rhompaea); also a kind of long sword usually worn on the right shoulder (Hesychius ῤομφαία. Θρακιον ἀμυντηριον, μάχαιρα, ξίφος ἀκόντιον μακρόν; (Suidas 3223 c. (cf. ῥεμβω to revolve, vibrate)); cf. Plutarch, Aemil. 18); (A. V. sword): Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:12, 16; Revelation 6:8; Revelation 19:15, 21; σου δέ αὐτῆς τήν ψυχήν διελεύσεται ῤομφαία, a figure for 'extreme anguish shall fill (pierce, as it were) thy soul', Luke 2:35, where cf. Kuinoel. (Josephus, Antiquities 6, 12, 4; 7, 12, 1; in Ev. Nicod. 26 the archangel Michael, keeper of Paradise, is called φλογινη ῤομφαία. Very often in the Sept. for חֶרֶב; often also in the O. T. Apocrypha.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ῥομφαία , -ας , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2719;]

a large broad sword, used by the Thracians (v. DB, iv, 634); then generally (in LXX used interchangeably with μάχαιρα , q.v.), a sword: Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:12; Revelation 2:16; Revelation 6:8; Revelation 19:15; Revelation 19:21; metaph., Luke 2:35.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The verb is restored (Berichtigungen, p. 322) in P Oxy III. 471.41 (ii/A.D.), where an advocate asks—ταῦτ [α δὲ ἐκ ] τίνος αἰτ [ ]α ̣ς ̤ σ [εσίγη ]κας; ";what reason had you for being silent regarding this?"; For the compd. κατασιγάω, ";become silent,"; cf. CP Herm I. 25ii. 2 (iii/A.D.) οὔτε συσκευα [ὶ οὔ ]τε ἀπειλαὶ κατεσίγησαν μ ̣[ . . .

Herwerden (Lex. s.v.) cites the saying of Simonides apud Plut. Mor. 125 D ἔλεγε μηδέποτ᾽ αὐτῷ μεταμελῆσαι σιγήσαντι, φθεγξαμένῳ δὲ πολλάκις.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ρομφαια ρομφαία ρομφάια ῥομφαία ῥομφαίᾳ ρομφαίαι ρομφαίαις ρομφαιαν ρομφαίαν ῥομφαίαν ρομφαίας ρομφαιών ρόπαλον ροπή rhomphaia rhomphaía rhomphaíāi rhomphaian rhomphaían romphaia romphaian
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