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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4405 - πρωΐα

feminine of a derivative of (G4404) as noun
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  1. early, pertaining to the morning, at day break
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Matthew 2
John 2
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HCS (2)
Matthew 1
John 1
BSB (2)
Matthew 1
John 1
ESV (3)
Matthew 1
John 2
WEB (4)
Matthew 2
John 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρωΐα, v. cross πρώϊος .


Att. πρῷος, α, ον: ( πρωΐ, πρῴ ):


I early in the day, at early morn, Il. 15.470 (neut. πρώϊον as Adv. = cross πρωΐ ) ; π. ἐμπολέα AP 6.304 ( Phan. ); π. ῥόδον Call. Lav.Pall. 27; also περὶ δείλην πρωΐην Hdt. 8.6; δείλης πρωΐας Philem. 210 .

2. Subst. πρωΐα, ἡ, early morning, ἅμα τῇ π . Aristeas 304; ἦν δὲ πρωΐα Ev.John 18:28; πρωΐας γενομένης Ev.Matthew 27:1 : gen. πρωΐας as Adv. = cross πρῴ, ib. 21.18: with Preps., καθ' ἑκάστην πρωΐαν J. AJ 7.8.1; ἀπὸ πρωΐας ἄχρις ἡλίου δύσεως IG 4.597.16 ( Argos ), cf. PLond. 3.1177.66 (ii A.D.) .

II early in the year, πρώϊος [ὁ στρατὸς] συνελέγετο Hdt. 8.130; τῶν καρπίμων ἅττα μή 'στι π . Ar. V. 264; σικύων πρῴων Id. Pax 1001, cf. 1164 (lyr.), Thphr. CP 4.11.1; π. χειμών an early winter, Id. Sign. 40; τὸν πρώϊον (or πρῷον ) σῖτον PCair.Zen. 155.2 (iii B.C.); διὰ τὸ τὰ μὲν πρώϊα, τὰ δ' ὄψια προΐεσθαι (sc. ᾠά ) Arist. HA 543a9; π. τόπος an early place, i.e. producing early fruits, Thphr. HP 8.2.9: Comp. πρωΐτερος Id. CP 5.6.5 codd. πρωϊ-ότης, ητος, ἡ, earliness, of fruits, ib. 4.11.9 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πρωΐα, see πρώιος.

STRONGS NT 4405: πρώιος πρώιος (WH πρώιος), πρωΐα, πρωιον (πρωι<), early, pertaining to the morning (from Homer down); as a substantive πρωΐα (in full ὥρα πρωΐα, 3Macc. 5:24; (Diodorus, Josephus, others); see ὄψιος, 2), the Sept. several times for בֹּקֶר, morning: Matthew 27:1; John 18:28 Rec.; (πρωίας ἤδη γινομένης (T WH Tr text), when day was now breaking (R. V.)); πρωίας, in the morning, Matthew 21:18 (R G L Tr marginal reading).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πρωία , see πρώιος .


(Rec. -ϊος ), -α , -ον

(<πρωί ),

[in LXX for H1242 בַּ לַּ ;]

at early morn, early; as subst., Papyri (sc. ὥρα , cf. ἡ ὥ . Papyri, 3 Maccabees 5:24), early morning: Matthew 27:1, John 21:4.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this word in its late Greek sense ";street,"; ";lane,"; which it has in its four occurrences in the NT (Matthew 6:2, Luke 14:21, Acts 9:11; Acts 12:10), cf. P Par 51.16 (B.C. 159) (= UPZ i. p. 360, Selections, p. 20) ἔρχομαι εἰς τὴν ῥύβ (= μ)ην μετ᾽ αὐτῶν, BGU IV.1037.16 (A.D. 47) εἰς τὴν ἐκ λιβὸς ῥύμην βασιλική [ν, P Oxy1. 99.9 (A.D. 55) ἀνὰ μέσον οὔσης τυφλῆς ῥύμης (";blind alley";), and P Ryl II. 156.4 (i/A.D.) δημοσία ῥύμη. In an Alexandrian papyrus of the time of Augustus we hear of a street named Εὐδαίμωνἐν τῆι Εὐδαίμονος λεγομένηι ῥύμηι (see Archiv v. p. 37 n..1). For the diminutive ῥύμιον (not in LS8) = ";a little lane"; or ";alley,"; cf. the direction in P Meyer 20 verso.5 (1st half iii/A.D.) ἀντικρὺ του ̣̑ [. . .] πωλ ̣ι ̣ου ἥκ ̣εις <εἰς > τὸ ῥύμιον, ";over against the shop you come to the little lane.";

See further Rutherford NP p. 487 f., and Kennedy Sources p. 15 f., where the different stages in the history of ῥύμη are stated.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πρωϊ πρωία πρωϊα Πρωιας Πρωίας πρωϊας πρωΐας πρωϊθεν Proias Proías Prōias Prōías
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