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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4243 - πρεσβεύω

from the base of (G4245)
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  1. to be older, prior by birth or in age
  2. to be an ambassador, act as an ambassador
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
NAS (3)
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
HCS (2)
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
BSB (2)
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
ESV (2)
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
WEB (2)
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


pf. πεπρέσβευκα Ar. Ach. 610, D. 19.310: Med., aor. ἐπρεσβευσάμην Th. 1.92, etc.: Pass., pf. πεπρέσβευμαι (v. infr.):

I prop. of age,

1 intr., to be the elder or eldest, S. OC 1422; οἱ ἀεὶ πρεσβεύοντες Pl. Lg. 951e: c. gen. pers., to be older than, be the eldest of a number, τῶν προτέρων ἐπρέσβευε Hdt. 7.2; π. τῶν ἄλλων κατὰ τὴν ἡλικίαν Timae. 114; π. ἀπ' αὐτοῦ to be his eldest son, Th. 6.55; of wine, πολλαῖς π. ἐτέων . . ὥραις Archestr. Fr. 60.2; π. τοῖς χρόνοις τὰ ἡρωικά Ath. 1.19a: hence, take the first place, be best, S. Ant. 720; οἷσι πρεσβεύει γένος, of the male sex, E. Heracl. 45 . c. gen., rank before, take precedence of others, π. τῶν πολλῶν πόλεων Pl. Lg. 752e: hence, rule over, Ολύμπου π. S. Aj. 1389; Ἴναχε . . μέγα πρεσβεύων Ἄργους γύαις Id. Fr. 270 (anap.); also, have at one's command or disposal, c. gen., καὶ εἰ ( καὶ σὺ Kaibel) τῶν λόγων αὐτοῦ πρεσβεύεις Ath. 8.352d .

2. trans., place as oldest or first, put first in rank, πρῶτον . . πρεσβεύω θεῶν Γαῖαν A. Eu. 1: hence, pay special honour or worship to, πρῶτον τόνδε πρεσβεύσω τάφον Id. Ch. 488, cf. S. Tr. 1065, Pl. Smp. 186b; joined with τιμῶ Id. Cri. 46c; τὰ δίκαια πρὸ παντὸς ἰδίου συμφέροντος Plu. Lu3 Luke 3:1-38, cf. Arr. An. 6.30.3: Pass., hold the first place, Παλλὰς . . ἐν λόγοις π. A. Eu. 21; ὁ δ' ὕστατός γε τοῦ χρόνου π. is first in point of time, Id. Ag. 1300: c. gen., κακῶν πρεσβεύεται τὸ Αήμνιον is most notable of mischiefs, Id. Ch. 631 (lyr.); τὸ πρεσβύτερον τοῦ νεωτέρου ἐστὶ πρεσβευόμενον is more honoured than . ., Pl. Lg. 879b . later, cultivate arts, etc., διαλεκτικόν, τὸ . . τοὺς λόγους πρεσβεῦον D.L. 1.18; π. παρὰ Ῥοδίοις ἃ μήπω ἐγίγνωσκον Philostr. VS 1 Praef.; πόλις ὄρχησιν μάλιστα πρεσβεύουσα Luc. Salt. 76 .

II to be an ambassador or serve as one, IG 12.135.5; ἀπὸ Κορίνθου Hdt. 5.93; εἰς Θετταλίαν And. 4.41; παρά or πρός τινα, Pl. Chrm. 158a, X. Cyr. 5.1.3; τινος for one, E. Heracl. 479: abs., Ar. Ach. 610, etc.: c. acc. cogn., ἃς ἐπρέσβευσεν [εἰς Θήβας] πρεσβείας Din. 1.16 . at Rome, act as legatus, Plu. Sull. 4 .

2. c. acc. objecti, π. εἰρήνην negotiate peace, And. 3.23, Isoc. 4.177, D. 19.134, etc.; π. ὑπὲρ τουτωνὶ τὰ βέλτιστα ib.189; π. πολλὰ καὶ δεινά ibid.: Pass., τὰ αὑτῷ πεπρεσβευμένα his negotiations, ib.20; πολλὰ καὶ δεινὰ πεπρεσβεῦσθαι ib.240.

3. Med., send ambassadors, ἐς χωρία, ἐς τὴν Θουρίαν, Th. 2.7, 6.104; πρεσβεύεσθαι παρά τινας Id. 4.41, etc.; πρός τινας Id. 1.126; ἐς Αακεδαίμονα περὶ καθόδου Id. 3.85 . go as ambassador, Id. 5.39 .

III c. acc. rei, represent, urge, maintain, Luc. Pisc. 23; [ δόγματα ] Gal. 6.753; τὴν ὄψιν κατὰ εἰσδοχὴν π. Olymp. in Mete. 5.6: c. inf., κατὰ ἐκπομπὴν εἶναι τὴν ὄψιν ib. 10 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πρεσβεύω; (πρέσβυς an old man, an elder (Curtius, p. 479; Vanicek, p. 186));

1. to be older, prior by birth or in age ((Sophocles), Herodotus and following).

2. to be an ambassador, act as an ambassador: 2 Corinthians 5:20; Ephesians 6:20, ((Herodotus 5, 93 at the beginning), Aristophanes, Xenophon, Plato, and following).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* πρεσβεύω

(< πρέσβυς ),

1. to be the elder, to take precedence.

2. to be an ambassador (see πρεσβύτης ): 2 Corinthians 5:20, Ephesians 6:20.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The only reference for this subst. in LS8 is Ephesians 6:18, and Thayer includes it in his ";Biblical"; list. Two other exx. can, however, now be quoted from two deeds of manumission from Kertch (Panticapaeum) on the Black Sea. The earlier of these, Latyschev II. 53.13 ff. (A.D. 81), runs—χωρὶς ἰς τ [ ]ν προ [σ ]ευχὴν θωπείας τε καὶ προσκα [ρτερ ]ήσεως, ";besides reverence and constancy towards the place of prayer"; : see Deissmann LAE p. 100 f., and, independently, Hicks JTS x. p. 571 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πρεσβευομεν πρεσβεύομεν πρεσβευω πρεσβεύω presbeuo presbeuō presbeúo presbeúō presbeuomen presbeúomen
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