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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4239 - πραΰς

apparently a primary word
Parts of Speech
  1. mildness of disposition, gentleness of spirit, meekness
Meekness toward God is that disposition of spirit in which we acceptHis dealings with us as good, and therefore without disputing orresisting. In the OT, the meek are those wholly relying on God ratherthan their own strength to defend them against injustice. Thus,meekness toward evil people means knowing God is permitting theinjuries they inflict, that He is using them to purify His elect, andthat He will deliver His elect in His time. (Is. 41:17, Lu. 18:1-
    Hebrew Equivalent Words:
    Strong #: 6035 ‑ עָנָיו (aw‑nawv', aw‑nawv');  6041 ‑ עָנִי (aw‑nee');  
    Frequency Lists  
    1. Book
    2. Word
    3. Parsing
    KJV (3)
    1 Peter
    HCS ( 0 )
    HCS (4)
    1 Peter
    BSB (4)
    1 Peter
    ESV (4)
    1 Timothy
    1 Peter
    WEB (3)
    1 Peter
    Verse Results
    Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

    πρᾱΰς, v. πρᾶος.

    πρᾶος, ον, also πρᾱΰς,

    Ion. πρηΰς, εῖα, ΰ: — πρᾶος supplies sg. in Att., Trag., and Com., exc. that the fem. is always πραεια ( πρᾶος as fem. only in Plu. 2.168d); but sg. πραΰς, Ion. πρηΰς, is used in Ep. and Lyr. (also in X. and usu. in LXX, Plb., etc.): pl., nom. πρηέες Hp. Epid. 1.10, πρηεῖς AP 5.208 ( Posidipp. or Asclep. ), πρᾶοι Pl. R. 562d, etc.; fem. πρηεῖαι AP 6.244 ( Crin. ); neut. πραέα X. Oec. 15.4, Eq. 9.10, etc., πρᾶα Arist. HA 488b22, f.l. in Ph. 2.351; gen. πραέων X. An. 1.4.9; dat. πραέσι Pl. Lg. 888a, 930a, fem. πραίαις written for πραείαις IG 7.3101 (Lebad., iii A.D. ); acc. πραεῖς Plb. 18.37.7, πράους Isoc. 3.55: Comp. πραότερος Lys. 20.21, πραΰτερος Epich. 153, Pl. Ti. 85a, etc., Ion. πρηΰτ- Hdt. 2.181: Sup. πραότατος Pl. Phd. 116c, etc., πραΰτατος Syria 5.337 ( Sidon ); Ep. and Ion. πρηΰτατος A.R. 2.937, AP 6.349 ( Phld. ); πράϋστος MAMA 1.237 ( Phrygia ). (The ι subscr. is freq. written in codd., but Πρᾶος is written in IG 22.1928.20 (pr. n., iv B.C. ), IGRom. 4.504 (Pergam.), cf. Phot., Et.Gud. 478.31; πραύτερος is found once in codd., Pl. Ti. l.c. (proved wrong by πραΰς Com.Adesp. in Gött. Nachr. 1922.31, πραέα (neut. pl.) in PCair.Zen. 33.12 (iii B.C.), πραέως UPZ 144.6 (ii B.C.), and by the absence of iota in Ion. πρηΰς )): mild, soft, gentle (not in Il. or Od. ):

    1 of things, πρηῢ σέλας H.Hom. 8.10; πραῢς ὄαρος Pi. P. 4.136; mild, πυρετοί Hp.l.c.; ἰητρείη πρηεῖα Id. Art. 69; of sound, soft, gentle, τὴν φωνὴν πραοτέραν ποιοῦνται X. Smp. 1.10; ἀνέμων πρηΰτατε Ζέφυρε AP 6.349 ( Phld. ); ὠδῖνες ib. 244 ( Crin. ); κέντρον ib. 229 (Id.).

    2. of persons, mild, gentle, meek, πραῢς ἀστοῖς Pi. P. 3.71; πᾶσιν ἵλεώς τε καὶ πρᾶος Pl. R. 566e; πρὸς τοὺς οἰκείους π. ib. 375c; π. τὸ ἦθος Id. Phdr. 243c; π. ἐν τοῖς λόγοις Id. Euthd. 303d; esp. after having been angry, Hdt. 2.181 ( Comp. ); ὁ θὴρ ὅδ' ἡμῖν π., of Dionysus, E. Ba. 436; of a horse, gentle, ἀλλήλοις πραότεροι X. Cyr. 2.1.29; of other animals, tame, ἰχθύων μεγάλων καὶ πραέων Id. An. 1.4.9, cf. Arist. HA 488b22; ζῷα . . πραέα πρὸς τοὺς ἀνθρώπους X. Oec. 15.4: prov., πραΰτερος μολόχας Epich. 153; also, τόπος ἡμερώτερος καὶ πραότερος Isoc. 9.67 .

    3. of actions, feelings, etc., mild, τιμωρίαι πραότεραι Pl. Lg. 867b; πραότεραι ἡδοναί ib. 815e; λόγοι, ἤθη, φύσις, ib. 888a, 930a, R. 375c; ὄσσοισι πρηέσιν δέρκευ BMus.Inscr. 921b8 (Branchidae, i/ii A.D. ); τὰ πραέα caresses, X. Eq. 9.10; πραότερα πάσχειν Pl Cri. 49b.

    II making mild, taming, φάρμακον πραῢ τείνων ἀμφὶ γένυι, of a bridle, Pi. O. 13.85; προκινεῖν αὐτὸν [τὸν ἵππον] ὡς πραοτάτοις σημείοις X. Eq. 9.3 .

    III Adv. πράως, mildly, gently, πράως πείθειν τινά, φέρειν τι, Pl. R. 589c, Cri. 43b; πράως ἔχειν πρός τι Id. Ly. 211e; πράως λέγειν τὸ πάθος to speak lightly of it, X. An. 1.5.14; πράως διακεῖσθαι, opp. ὀργίζεσθαι, D. 21.183; πράως, μὴ πικρῶς Id. 18.265; in physical sense, gently, Orib. Fr. 134: Comp., πραότερον προδιδάσκειν, κολάζειν, Pl. Grg. 489d, Phd. 94d; πραοτέρως (v.l. -υτέρως ) ἔχειν τινί J. AJ 17.6.4: Sup., φέρειν . . ὡς πραότωτα Pl. R. 387e: later form πραέως ( πράως [Ἀττικοί], οὐ πραέως Phot. ), UPZ 144.6 (ii B.C.), D.S. 1.36, Dsc. 1.13, dub. in Com.Adesp. 336.5 (cf. πρατίας ), etc.: Ion. πρηέως cj. in Democr. 46 ( πράως and πραέως codd.). (Cogn. with Skt. prîṇâ´ti 'love, give pleasure to', Goth. frijon 'love', frijonds 'friend'.)

    Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

    πραΰς , -εῖα , - , and πρᾷος

    (Or πρᾶος , ν . Bl., § 3, 3), -α , -ον (v. LS, Thayer, s.v.),

    [in LXX (always -ΰς , exc. 2 Maccabees 15:12, -ᾷος , v. Thackeray, Gr., 180 f.) for H6035, H6041;]

    gentle, meek: Matthew 5:5; Matthew 11:29; Matthew 21:5 (LXX) 1 Peter 3:4.†

    Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
    Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
    Vocabulary of the Greek NT

    ";a proselyte,"; lit. ";one that has come to"; Judaism from some Gentile religion, occurs quater in the NT, but is not found in classical literature, unless in the Scholium on Apoll. Rhod. i. 834 καθάπερ μετοίκους διατρίβειν καὶ προσηλύτους (cited by Hort 1 Pet. p. 154). A Cyrenaic inscr., Preisigke 1742, records some interesting names—Ἰωσῆς Κρίσπου. . . Λύκα Γαίου. . Σάρρα προσήλυτος.


    The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
    Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
    Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
    List of Word Forms
    ἡσυχίου πρα=ν πρα=ς πραεις πραείς πραεῖς πραέος πραέων πραεως πραέως πραυς πραύς πραΰς πραῢς esuchiou ēsuchiou hesychiou hesychíou hēsychiou hēsychíou praeis praeîs praus praǘs praǜs
    Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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