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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4118 - πλεῖστος

irregular superlative of (G4183)
Parts of Speech
  1. most
  2. at the very most
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
1 Corinthians
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (4)
1 Corinthians
BSB (4)
1 Corinthians
ESV (2)
1 Corinthians
WEB (3)
1 Corinthians
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πλεῖστος, η, ον,

Sup. of πολύς, most, greatest, largest, in number, size, extent, etc., π. ὅμιλος, λαός, Il. 15.616, 16.377, etc.; π. κακόν Od. 4.697; πλεῖστοι ἐπιχθονίων ἀνθρώπων Hes. Fr. 33.1; π. εὐκλείας γέρας S. Ph. 478; φιλοσοφία παλαιοτάτη τε καὶ πλείστη most in vogue, Pl. Prt. 342a; π. τῶν Ἑλληνικῶν φῦλον τὸ Ἀρκαδικόν X. HG 7.1.23, etc.; τῇ γνώμῃ πλεῖστός εἰμι, ἡ π. γνώμη, Hdt. 7.220 (s.v.l.), 5.126; πλεῖστον σχήσειν, as Sup. of πλέον ἔχειν (v. πλείων ), Th. 7.36 .

2. with Art., οἱ π. the greatest number, Id. 4.90, etc.; τὸ π. τοῦ βίου the greatest part of . ., Pl. Lg. 718a, etc. (also same gender as the foll. Noun, ὁ π. τοῦ βίου, ἡ π. τῆς στρατιᾶς, Th. 1.5, 7.3 ); τῇ ὄψει τοῦ θαρσεῖν τὸ π. εἰληφότες Id. 4.34; τῷ πλούτῳ διδοὺς τὸ π. E. Supp. 408 .

II Special usages: with relat., ὅσας ἂν πλείστας δύνωνται καταστρέφεσθαι subdue the greatest number that they possibly could, Hdt. 6.44; ὡς ἂν δύνωνται πλεῖστα IG 12.98.4, cf. 109.10, 113.37; ὁπόσσω κα πλείστω ἄξιος ᾖ Berl.Sitzb. 1927.160 ( Cyrene ); ὅς κα πλεῖστον διδῷ ἀποδόμενοι Leg.Gort. 5.48; ὡς π. χρόνον Pl. Grg. 481b; ὅτι π. Th. 6.64, etc.: coupled with εἷς (q.v.), εἷς ἀνὴρ π. πόνον ἐχθροῖς παρασχών A. Pers. 327: in comp. sense, πλείστον ἄξια ἢ ὥς τις οἴεται Hp. Art. 57 (but πλεῖστα ἤ is corrupt in Hdt. 2.35 ).

III Adv. usages: πλεῖστον most, Il. 19.287, Hes. Th. 231, etc.; ὡς π. X. An. 2.2.12: sts. added to a Sup., π. ἐχθίστη S. Ph. 631; π. ἀνθρώπων . . κάκιστος Id. OC 743; τὴν π. ἡδίστην θεῶν E. Alc. 790: πλεῖστα as Adv., Pi. P. 9.97, S. OC 720, etc.; πολλάκις μὲν . ., π. δὲ . . Pl. Hp.Ma. 281b; π. χαίρειν, freq. in letters, POxy. 742 (i B.C.), etc. furthest, π. ἀφεστηκέναι Pl. R. 587a, Arist. Mu. 391a13 .

2. with Art., τὸ π. at most, ἡμερῶν τεσσάρων τὸ π. Ar. V. 260, etc.; τὰ π. for the most part, Pl. Criti. 118c, etc.; opp. ἐνίοτε, Arist. HA 563a31 .

The form πλείστως is cited by Gal. 17(1).855 from Hp. Epid. 6.1.10 ( πλεῖστα codd.). with Preps.:

1 διὰ πλείστου furthest off, in point of space or time, Th. 4.115, 6.11 .

2. ἐς πλεῖστον most, S. OC 739 .

3. ἐπὶ πλεῖστον over the greatest distance, to the greatest extent, in point of space, time, or extent, ἐπὶ π. χλιδῆς ἀπίκετο Hdt. 6.127; ἐπὶ π. τοῦ γενησομένου Th. 1.138; ἐκ τοῦ ἐπὶ π. Id. 1.2; ἐπὶ π. ἀνθρώπων ib. 1; ὡς ἐπὶ π. or ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ π., for the most part, Id. 4.14, Pl. Lg. 720d .

4. κατὰ τὸ π. for the most part, Plb. 11.4.7, etc.

5. περὶ πλείστου ποιεῖσθαι, v. περί A. IV.

6. ἐν τοῖς πλεῖσται, v. ὁ, ἡ, τό, A. v111. 6.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πλεῖστος , πλείων , see πολύς G4183.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

an indefinite temporal particle = ";at any time,"; ";at some time,"; ";once,"; ";formerly"; : cf. PSI V. 484.2 (B.C. 258–7) ὥς ποτε αὐτῶι ἐδόκει, P Oxy IV. 745.7 (c. A.D. 1) οὐκ οἶδας γὰρ πῶς μοι ἐχρήσατο ἐν Ὀξυρύγχοις οὐχ ὡς λύσα <ν >τι ἀλλ᾽ ὥς τινί ποτε ἀποστερητῆι μὴ ἀποδεδωκότι, ";you don’t know how he treated me at Oxyrhynchus (?), not like a man who had paid but like a defrauder and a debtor"; (Edd.), P Fay 110.26 (A.D. 94) Ἥρωνα τόν ποτε ἡγούμ (ενον), ";Heron the former president,"; P Ryl II. 243.9 (ii/A.D.) ὅσα ποτὲ οὖν ἐὰν ̣ ἀνα íνα ýλώσῃς ἰς τὴν τοῦ κλήρου κατεργασίαν, ἡμεῖν ἐνλόγησον ἐπὶ λόγου, ";put down to our account everything you expend on the cultivation of the holding"; (Edd.), P Oxy VI. 928.6 (ii/iii A.D.) ὡμείλησας δέ μοί ποτε περὶ τούτου, ";you once had a conversation with me on this subject"; (Edd.), P Par 574.1240 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 113) ἐξορκίζω σε, δαῖμον, ὅστις ποτ᾽ οὖν εἶ, and P Oxy XIV. 1680.15 (iii/iv A.D.) ὑπονοοῦμαι ὅτι πάντως πάλιν τί ποτε ἔχει πρὸς σέ, ";I suspect that he must have some further claim against you"; (Edd.).

In illustration of Revelation 2:9 mention is sometimes made of CIG II. 3148 (time of Hadrian) οἱ ποτὲ Ἰουδαῖοι, ";the quondam Jews,"; as if these were renegade Jews who had forsworn their faith, but Ramsay (Letters, p. 272), following Mommsen, is of opinion that they were ";quondam"; in the sense that they were ";no longer recognised as a separate nation by the Roman law (as they had been before A.D. 70).";

For ἤδη ποτέ, iam tandem, as in Romans 1:10, cf. the ostracon letter published by Deissmann LAE, p. 186—.6 καὶ ἤδη ποτὲ δὸς τῆ ἐμῆ παιδίσκη τὰς τοῦ (πυροῦ) γ ̄ ε ̄, ";and now at length give to my maid the 3¾ artabae of wheat."; See further s.v. μήποτε.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πλεισται πλεῖσται πλειστον πλεῖστον πλειστος πλεῖστος pleistai pleîstai pleiston pleîston pleistos pleîstos
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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