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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4087 - πικραίνω

from (G4089)
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  1. to make bitter
    1. to produce a bitter taste in the stomach
  2. to embitter. exasperate
    1. render angry, indignant
    2. to be embittered, irritated
    3. to visit with bitterness, to grieve (deal bitterly with)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3707 ‑ כָּעַס (kaw‑as');  4775 ‑ מָרַד (maw‑rad');  7107 ‑ קָצַף (kaw‑tsaf');  7264 ‑ רָגַז (raw‑gaz');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Colossians 2
Revelation 4
NAS (7)
Colossians 1
Revelation 6
HCS (4)
Colossians 1
Revelation 3
BSB (4)
Colossians 1
Revelation 3
ESV (4)
Colossians 1
Revelation 3
WEB (6)
Colossians 2
Revelation 4
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


make sharp or keen, esp. to the taste, π. τὴν κοιλίαν make it bitter, Revelation 10:9 : Pass., τὸ στόμα πικραίνεται Hp. Acut. 30: opp. γλυκαίνεσθαι, Arist. Ph. 244b20 .

2. metaph., embitter, irritate, τὴν ψυχήν LXX Job 27:2; τὴν ἀκοήν affect it harshly, opp. γλυκαίνω, D.H. Comp. 12, 15; make harsh, νόμους cj. in A. Eu. 693: Pass., to be exasperated, embittered, Pl. Lg. 731d, Theoc. 5.120; ὁ ζωγράφος πονεῖ τι καὶ π . vexes himself, Antiph. 144.3; π. ἐπί τισι LXX Exodus 16:20; ἔν τισι ib. Ruth 1:20; also ἐπικράνθη μοι it grieved me, ib. 13 .

3. of style, make harsh or rugged, διάλεκτον D.H. Dem. 55, cf. 34 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πικραίνω: future πικράνω; passive, present πικραίνομαι; 1 aorist ἐπικρανθην; (πικρός, which see);

1. properly, to make bitter: τά ὕδατα, passive, Revelation 8:11; τήν κοιλίαν, to produce a bitter taste in the stomach (Vulg. amarico), Revelation 10:9f.

2. tropically, to embitter, exasperate, i. e. render angry, indignant; passive, to be embittered, irritated (Plato, Demosthenes, others): πρός τινα, Colossians 3:19 (Athen. 6, p. 242 c.; ἐπί τινα, Exodus 16:20; Jeremiah 44:15 (); 1 Esdr. 4:31; (ἐν τίνι, Ruth 1:20)); contextually equivalent to to visit with bitterness, to grieve (deal bitterly with), Job 27:2; Macc. 3:7. (Compare: παραπικραίνω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< πικρός ),

[in LXX for H4775, H7107, etc.;]

to make bitter: Revelation 10:9; pass., Revelation 8:11; Revelation 10:10; metaph., to embitter (LXX) : pass., seq. πρός , Colossians 3:19.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See s.v. πολυμερῶς. For the adj. πολύτροπος cf. P Flor I. 33.15 (iv/A.D.). In MGr πολύτροπος has a good sense, ";adroit.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επικρανθη επικράνθη ἐπικράνθη επικρανθησαν επικράνθησαν ἐπικράνθησαν μὴ πικραινεσθε πικραίνεσθε πικραινομένη πικράναί πικράνας πικρανει πικρανεί πικρανεῖ πικρανθήσονται πικρασμώ epikranthe epikranthē epikránthe epikránthē epikranthesan epikranthēsan epikránthesan epikránthēsan me mē pikrainesthe pikraínesthe pikranei pikraneî
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