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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #40 - ἅγιος
- most holy thing, a saint
ἅγιος [ᾰ], α, ον,
devoted to the gods:
I in good sense, sacred, holy:
1 of things, esp. temples, ἈΦροδίτης ἱρὸν ἅ. Hdt. 2.41; ἱρο'ν Ἡρακλέος ἅ. ib. 44, cf. Pl. Criti. 116c, X. HG 3.2.19; θηρίον Antiph. 147.7; νηὸν ἐπὶ τψ χάσματι Ἥρης ἅ. ἐστήσατο Luc. Syr.D. 13: generally, θυσίαι, ξυμβόλαια, Isoc. 10.63, Pl. Lg. 729e (Sup.); μητρός.. ἐστι πατρὶς ἁγιώτερον Id. Cri. 51a; ὅρκος ἅ. Arist. Mir. 834b11; ἅ., τό, temple, OGI 56.59 (Canopus), LXX Exodus 26:33, al., cf. Hebrews 9:2; τὸ ἅ. τῶν ἁγίων Holy of Holies, LXX l. c.; τὰ ἅ. τῶν ἁ. 1 Kings 8:6, etc., cf. Hebrews 9:3.
2. of persons, holy, pure, Ar. Av. 522 (anap.); λαὸς ἅ. Κυρίῳ LXX Deuteronomy 7:6, al.; οἱ ἅ. the Saints, 1 Corinthians 6:1,al.; πνεῦμα ἅ. the Holy Spirit, Matthew 3:11, al. Adv. ἁγίως καὶ σεμνῶς ἔχειν Isoc. 11.25.
II in bad sense, accursed, execrable, Cratin. 373, Eust. 1356.59. — Never in Hom., Hes., or Trag. (who use ἁγνός); rare in Att. (v. supr.). (Possibly cognate with Skt. yajati 'sacrifice'.)
ἅγιος , -α , -ον
(<το ἅγος , religious awe; ἅζω , to venerate),
[in LXX chiefly for H6945;]
primarily, dedicated to the gods, sacred (Hdt.; rare in Att..., never in Horn., Hes. and Trag., who use ἁγνός ), hence, holy, characteristic of God, separated to God, worthy of veneration.
1. Its highest application is to God himself, in his purity, majesty, and glory: Luke 1:49, John 17:11, Revelation 4:8. Hence
(a) of things and places which have a claim to reverence as sacred to God, e.g. the Temple: Matthew 24:15, Hebrews 9:1;
(b) of persons employed by him, as angels: 1 Thessalonians 3:13; prophets, Luke 1:70; apostles, Ephesians 3:5.
2. Applied to persons as separated to God's service:
(a) of Christ, Mark 1:24, John 6:69, Acts 4:30;
(b) of Christians, Acts 9:13, Romans 1:7, Hebrews 6:10, Revelation 5:8.
3. In the moral sense of sharing God's purity: Mark 6:20, John 17:11, Acts 3:14, Revelation 3:7.
4. Of pure, clean sacrifices and offerings: 1 Corinthians 7:14, Ephesians 1:4.
SYN.: ἁγνός G53, pure, both in ceremonial and spiritual sense; ἱερός G2413 (sacer), sacred, that which is inviolable because of its (external) relation to God; ἅσιος (sanctus as opp. to nefas), that which is based on everlasting ordinances of right. (Cf. Tr., Syn., § 88; DB, 2, 399 f.; Cremer, 34, 594-601; MM, VGT, s.v.)
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The adjective is common as a title of the gods in the inscriptions, e.g. OGIS 378.1 (A.D. 18–9) θεῷ ἁγίῳ ὑψίστῳ : cf. ib. 721.1 ὁ δᾳδοῦχος τῶν ἁγιωτάτων Ἐλευσῖνι μυστηρίων. The superlative may be further illustrated (cf. Judges 1:20) from the oldest recovered Christian letter P Amh I. 3(a)iii. 22 f. (between A.D. 264 (265) and 282 (281)) τοῖς κατ᾽ α [ὐτὸν ἁγιω ]τάτοις προ ̣[εστῶσι ] : cf. Deissmann LAE, p. 192 ff. For τὸ ἅγιον as ";temple"; cf. OGIS 56.59 (the Canopus inscr. of Ptolemy III, B.C. 239) καθιδρῦσαι [sc. ἄγαλμα χρυσοῦν διάλιθον ] ἐν τῶι ἁγίωι.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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