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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3953 - παροψίς

from (G3844) and the base of (G3795)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. a side dish, a dish of dainties or choice food suited not so much to satisfy as to gratify the appetite
    1. a side accompaniment of the more solid food
  2. the dish itself in which the delicacies are served up
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
NAS (2)
HCS (1)
BSB (2)
ESV (2)
WEB (2)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

παροψ-ίς, ίδος, ἡ, (ὄψον)

= cross παρόψημα, Pherecr. 147, Ar. Fr. 187, al., X. Cyr. 1.3.4: metaph., τῶν κακῶν παροψίδες fresh tastes of misery, Magn. 2.

II dish on which such meats are served, Antiph. 60, Alex. 86, Archestr. Fr. 6, Matthew 23:25, Juv. 3.142, Artem. 1.74 (παραψ- codd., cf. Hsch.). (The second use is condemned by Phryn. 153.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* παρ -οψίς , -ίδος ,

(< παρά , ὄψον ; see ὀψάριον ),

1. a side-dish of dainties (Xen., al.).

2. In Comic poets and late prose, the dish itself on which the dainties are served: Matthew 23:25-26 (In this sense it is condemned by the Atticists; v. Rutherford, NPhr., 265 f.)†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";over and above,"; ";superfluous,"; in popular Greek is often in its compve. and superlve. forms practically equivalent to πλείων, πλεῖστος, a usage which is fully developed in MGr.

Exx. of the word are P Tebt II. 459.4 (B.C. 5) (= Witkowski.2, p. 126) καὶ ὃ ἐὰν περισσὸν γένηται, μέτρη [σ ]ον αὐτοῖς κομισάμενος τὴν τιμὴν τοῦ λοιποῦ, P Fay 111.11 (A.D. 95–6) (= Selections, p. 66) περισ ̣ὸν ̣ [ἐν ]ε ̣τιλάμ [η ]ν σ ̣υ ̣(= σοι) εἰς Διο [νυσι ]άδα μῖναι, ";I gave you strict charges to remain at Dionysias,"; ib. 117.23 (A.D. 108) περιτὸν γέγρ ̣α ̣π ̣τ ̣α ̣[ι, ";more than enough has been written,"; Chrest. I. 238ii. 4 (c. A.D. 117) περισσὸν ἡγοῦμαι διεξω (= ο)δέστερον ὑμεῖν γράφειν, ";I count it superfluous to write you at greater length,"; and P Tebt II. 423.15 (early iii/A.D.) ἐὰν εὓρῃς ἀγοραστὰς τῶν π ̣ε ̣ρισσῶν ὄνων, παραχώρησον μέχρι τρ <ι >ῶν, ";if you find any purchasers of the surplus donkeys, get rid of as many as three"; (Edd.). Add from inscrr. Cagnat IV. 317.8 (end i/B.C.) ἐκ τῶν περισσῶν τῆς [ἑορτῆς χρη ]μάτων καθειέρωσεν, and C. and B. ii. p. 658, No. 611—

τὸ ζῆν τροφὴ πό [τ ]ος τε. ἠτι [μασμένα ?

περισσὰ δέ ἐστι τὰ ἄλλα [ὰ ἀνθρώποις μέλει ?

For the compve. cf. P Flor II. 127.22 (A.D. 256) πάντως περισσότερον, ";in every possible way,"; and BGU II. 380.10 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 105) where a mother writes to her sick son, ἐτολότην (l. ἐθολώθην), ὥς σου περισ (= σσ)ότερον νω ̣χελεωυομένου (cf. Aq Proverbs 18:9; Proverbs 24:10, Job 2:4), ";I was troubled because you were only able to walk so slowly."; See also Dieterich Untersuchungen, p. 181 n..2, though we have not been able to trace his reference to BGU 13, 8.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παροψιδος παροψίδος paropsidos paropsídos
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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