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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3951 - παροτρύνω

from (G3844) and otruno (to spur)
Parts of Speech
  1. to incite, stir up
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


From G3844 and ὀτρυìνω otrunō (to spur)

ὀτρύν-ω [],

inf. ὀτρυνέμεν Il. 4.286: impf. ὤτρυνον Hom. (v. infr.), etc.; Iterat. ὀτρύνεσκον Il. 24.24: fut. ὀτρῠνέω Hom. (v. infr.): aor. ὄτρῡνα Od. 17.430: Med. or Pass., only in pres. and impf. (v. infr.): poet. Verb, the compd. ἐπ-οτρύνω being used in Prose: (v. sub fin.):

stir up, egg on, encourage, esp. to battle, to any sudden or violent exertion, τινα Il. 5.482, 10.158, etc.; τί με σπεύδοντα καὶ αὐτὸν ὀτρύνεις; 8.294; ὄτρυνε μένος καὶ θυμὸν ἑκάστου 5.470: freq. c. inf., ὀπτῆρας.. ὄτρυνα νέεσθαι Od. 17.430; ὀ. τινὰ μάχεσθαι Il. 4.294, 414, etc.; γήμασθαι Od. 19.158, etc.; ἡμέας ὀτρύνων καταπαυέμεν 2.244: without inf., ἦ τιν' ἑταίρων ὀτρυνέεις Τρώεσσιν ἐπίσκοπον (sc. ἰέναι); Il. 10.38; ὃν ναῶν Ἕκτωρ ὤτρυνε κατόπταν E. Rh. 558 (lyr.): with Preps., Ἑρμείαν.. νῆσον ἐς Ὠγυγίην ὀτρύνομεν (sc. ἰέναι) Od. 1.85, cf. Il. 15.59; σέ γε θυμὸς ὀ. ἐπὶ νῆας 24.289; τὸν δ' ὀ. πόλιν εἴσω Od. 15.40; ποτὶ δῶμα 17.75; προτὶ Ἴλιον Il. 19.156; πόλινδε Od. 15.306; πόλεμόνδε Il. 2.589; ποτὶ βουθυσίαν Ἥρας Pi. N. 10.23: rarely folld. by ὡς, Ὀδυσῆα ὄτρυν', ὡς ἂν πύρνα.. ἀγείροι Od. 17.362: rarely also c. dat. pers. et inf., ὤτρυνον.. θεραπόντεσσιν φυλάξαι Pi. P. 4.41: Med. or Pass., rouse oneself, bestir oneself, hasten, c. inf., ἕπεσθαι Od. 10.425; ὀτρυνώμεθ' ἀμυνέμεν ἀλλήλοισιν Il. 14.369, cf. Od. 17.183; ὑμεῖς δ' ὀτρύνεσθαι.., ὥς κ' ἐμὲ.. ἐπιβήσετε πάτρης 7.222: the Act. in this intr. sense is only f.l. in Il. 7.420.

2. less freq. of animals, urge on, cheer on, οὐρῆας 23.111; ἵππους τε καὶ ἀνέρας 16.167, etc.; κύνας 18.584.

3. of things, urge forward, quicken, speed, πομπὴν ὀτρύνετε Od. 7.151, cf. 8.30; τούτῳ δ' ὀτρυνέει Μέντωρ ὁδόν 2.253; ἀγγελίην ὀτρύνομεν 16.355; μάχην ὤτρυνον Ἀχαιῶν Il. 12.277; βοὰν ὤτρυνε λαῶν roused the shouts of the people, B. 8.35 (s. v.l.). Verb, used now and then by Trag., in lyr., A. Th. 726, E. Rh. 25, 558: in trim., S. Aj. 60, 771, El. 28, E. Alc. 755: rare even in later Prose, Arist. Mu. 399b11. (Prob. -τρῠ-ν- y ω, with - prefix (as in -κέλλω) ; -τρῠ- perh. cogn. with Skt. tvárate 'hasten'.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*παρ -οτρύνω ,

to urge on, stir up: c. acc pers., Acts 13:50 (find., Hipp., and late writers).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
παρωτρυναν παρώτρυναν parotrunan parōtrunan parotrynan parōtrynan parṓtrynan
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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