Millions miss a meal or two each day.
Help us change that! Click to donate today!
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3752 - ὅταν
- when, whenever, as long as, as soon as
for ὅτ' ἄν (ὅτε ἄν) as sts. in codd.:
1. of Time, whenever, with a conditional force, so as nearly to = ἐάν (v. εἰ B. II), referring to an indef. future (cf. ὅτε A. I. IC), Il. 1.519, etc.; also of events like ly to recur, 2.397, IG 12.97.9, etc.: also in ὅτε κεν Il. 1.567, 6.225: strengthd., ὅ. περ S. OC 301, Pl. R. 565a, 565d: repeated for rhet. effect, ὅ. ὡς ὑβρίζων, ὅ. ὡς ἐχθρὸς ὑπάρχων, ὅ. κονδύλοις, ὅ. ἐπὶ κόρρης D. 21.72. later causal, since, ὅταν.. ᾖ since it is, Arist. Mu. 395a19, cf. D.Chr. 7.105, Porph. Gaur. 11.2; in earlier examples the application to the particular case is less directly expressed, καὶ τοῦτο τυφλὸν ὅταν ἐγὼ βλέπω βραχύ this too (viz. my staff) is blind when I am (= when its owner is) short-sighted, E. Ion 744, cf. S. Aj. 137 (anap.), Pl. Sph. 241a, Din. 3.9.
2. never with ind. in early authors, exc. in Od. 10.410, ὡς δ' ὅταν.. σκαίρουσι (s. v. l.); in 24.88, ὅτε κεν.. ζώννυνταί τε νέοι καὶ ἐπεντύνονται ἄεθλα; and in Il. 12.41, ὡς δ' ὅτ' ἂν ἔν τε κύνεσσι καὶ ἀνδράσι.. στοέφεται (ἔναντα κύνεσσι cj. Monro): but freq. in LXX with impf. ind., as ὅταν εἰσήρχετο Genesis 38:9, cf. Plb. 4.32.5, Mark 3:11 : also with aor. ind., LXX Exodus 16:3, Revelation 8:1 : with fut. ind., ὅταν ἕξουσι Apollod. Poliorc. 187.12; ὅταν ὄψεσθε (v.l. ὄψησθε) Luke 13:28 : with pres. ind., ὅταν δείκνυται Str. 12.3.27 (s. v.l.): generally, ὅταν supersedes ὅτε in Hellenistic Greek.
3. never with opt. in early authors, exc. in orat. obliq., where in orat. recta the subj. with ὅταν would have stood, as perh. A. Pers. 450 may be expld. (ὅτ' ἐκνεῶν Elmsl.); ὅτε κεν folld. by ἵκοι, Il. 9.525.
II Special usages:
1. to introduce a simile, 10.5, Od. 5.394.
2. πρίν γ' ὅ., = πρίν γε ἢ ὅ. (v. ὅτε A. 11.2), 2.374.
3. εἰς ὅτε κεν until such time as.., ib.99, 19.144.
4. ὅ. τάχιστα, Lat. cum primum, Ar. Th. 1205, X. Cyr. 4.5.33; ὅ. πρῶτον Pl. Ly. 211b. [ ὅτᾱν only in later Poetry, Lyr.Alex. Adesp. 37.17.]
(for ὅτ᾿ ἄν = ὅτε ἄν ), temporal particle, with a conditional sense, usually of things expected to occur in an indefinite future;
1. prop., whenever;
(a) c. subjc. praes.: Matthew 6:2; Matthew 6:5, Mark 14:7, Luke 11:36, John 7:27, Acts 23:35, 1 Corinthians 3:4, al.; ἕως τ . ἡμέρας ἐκείνης , ὅ , Matthew 26:29, Mark 14:25; seq. τότε , 1 Thessalonians 5:3;
(b) c. subjc. aor. (M, Pr., 185) : Matthew 5:11, Mark 4:15, Luke 6:22, John 2:10; John 8:28 (Field, Notes, 94), 104, al.
2. As in Hom. (LS, s.v.), but not in cl. prose, c. indic., when (M, Pr., 167 f.; 131., § 65, 9): c. impf., Mark 3:11 (cf. Genesis 38:9, al.); c. praes., Mark 11:25; c. fut., Revelation 4:9 (Swete, in l); c. aor., Mark 11:19, Revelation 8:1 (Swete, in ll.; M, Pr., 168, 248; Field, Notes, 35).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";injunction,"; ";command"; : P Lond 1231.16 (A.D. 144) (= III. p. 109) ὅπως ̣ ἔχ [ω ]ν ἔγ ̣ραπτον παρ ̣α ̣γ ̣γ ̣ελείαν πρόνο ̣ιαν ποιησῆται τῆς γε [ωρ ]γείας τῶν ̣ [ἀρου ]ρῶν αὐτ [ός, and P Oxy XII. 1411.16 (A.D. 260) εἰ μὴ πειθαρχήσιαν τῇδε τ [ῇ παρ ]αγγελίᾳ, πειραθήσονται, . . .";if they disobey this injunction, they will experience the penalties. . ."; (Edd.).
For the more technical meaning, a ";summons"; to appear in court, cf. P Oxy III. 484.18 (A.D. 138) ὅπως ἔχων ἔγγραπτον παραγγελίαν παραγένηται ὅπου ἐὰν ὁ κράτιστος ἡγεμὼν. . . ἐπ᾽ ἀγαθῷ τὸν νομὸν διαλογίζηται, ";in order that he may have a written notice and appear wherever his highness the praefect holds his auspicious court for the nome"; (Edd.). The NT usage is discussed by Milligan, Thess, p. 47.
Παράγγελμα may be illustrated from P Amh II. 50.5 (B.C. 106) ἐκ τοῦ παραγγέλ (ματος), ";in accordance with the summons"; : see Archiv ii. p. 123 and cf. P Lond 904.36 (A.D. 104) (= III. p. 126, Chrest. I. p. 237).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20