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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3752 - ὅταν
- when, whenever, as long as, as soon as
for ὅτ' ἄν (ὅτε ἄν) as sts. in codd.:
1. of Time, whenever, with a conditional force, so as nearly to = ἐάν (v. εἰ B. II), referring to an indef. future (cf. ὅτε A. I. IC), Il. 1.519, etc.; also of events like ly to recur, 2.397, IG 12.97.9, etc.: also in ὅτε κεν Il. 1.567, 6.225: strengthd., ὅ. περ S. OC 301, Pl. R. 565a, 565d: repeated for rhet. effect, ὅ. ὡς ὑβρίζων, ὅ. ὡς ἐχθρὸς ὑπάρχων, ὅ. κονδύλοις, ὅ. ἐπὶ κόρρης D. 21.72. later causal, since, ὅταν.. ᾖ since it is, Arist. Mu. 395a19, cf. D.Chr. 7.105, Porph. Gaur. 11.2; in earlier examples the application to the particular case is less directly expressed, καὶ τοῦτο τυφλὸν ὅταν ἐγὼ βλέπω βραχύ this too (viz. my staff) is blind when I am (= when its owner is) short-sighted, E. Ion 744, cf. S. Aj. 137 (anap.), Pl. Sph. 241a, Din. 3.9.
2. never with ind. in early authors, exc. in Od. 10.410, ὡς δ' ὅταν.. σκαίρουσι (s. v. l.); in 24.88, ὅτε κεν.. ζώννυνταί τε νέοι καὶ ἐπεντύνονται ἄεθλα; and in Il. 12.41, ὡς δ' ὅτ' ἂν ἔν τε κύνεσσι καὶ ἀνδράσι.. στοέφεται (ἔναντα κύνεσσι cj. Monro): but freq. in LXX with impf. ind., as ὅταν εἰσήρχετο Genesis 38:9, cf. Plb. 4.32.5, Mark 3:11 : also with aor. ind., LXX Exodus 16:3, Revelation 8:1 : with fut. ind., ὅταν ἕξουσι Apollod. Poliorc. 187.12; ὅταν ὄψεσθε (v.l. ὄψησθε) Luke 13:28 : with pres. ind., ὅταν δείκνυται Str. 12.3.27 (s. v.l.): generally, ὅταν supersedes ὅτε in Hellenistic Greek.
3. never with opt. in early authors, exc. in orat. obliq., where in orat. recta the subj. with ὅταν would have stood, as perh. A. Pers. 450 may be expld. (ὅτ' ἐκνεῶν Elmsl.); ὅτε κεν folld. by ἵκοι, Il. 9.525.
II Special usages:
1. to introduce a simile, 10.5, Od. 5.394.
2. πρίν γ' ὅ., = πρίν γε ἢ ὅ. (v. ὅτε A. 11.2), 2.374.
3. εἰς ὅτε κεν until such time as.., ib.99, 19.144.
4. ὅ. τάχιστα, Lat. cum primum, Ar. Th. 1205, X. Cyr. 4.5.33; ὅ. πρῶτον Pl. Ly. 211b. [ ὅτᾱν only in later Poetry, Lyr.Alex. Adesp. 37.17.]
ὅταν, a particle of time, compound of ὅτε and ἄν, at the time that, whenever (German dann wann;wann irgend); used of things which one assumes will really occur, but the time of whose occurrence he does not definitely fix (in secular authors often also of things which one assumes can occur, but whether they really will or not he does not know; hence, like our in case that, as in Plato, Prot., p. 360 b.; Phaedr., p. 256 e.; Phaedo, p. 68 d.); (cf. Winers Grammar, § 42, 5; Buttmann, § 139, 33);
a. with the subjunctive present: Matthew 6:2, 5; Matthew 10:23; Mark 13:11 (here Rec. aorist);
b. with the subjunctive aorist: equivalent to the Latinquando acciderit,ut with subjunctive present, Matthew 5:11; Matthew 12:43; Matthew 13:32; Matthew 23:15; Matthew 24:32; Mark 4:15f, 29 (R G), 31f; 13:28; Luke 6:22, 26; Luke 8:13; Luke 11:24; Luke 12:54; Luke 21:30; John 2:10; John 10:4; John 16:21; 1 Timothy 5:11 (here L marginal reading future); Revelation 9:5. equivalent toquando with future perfect, Matthew 19:28; Matthew 21:40; Mark 8:38; Mark 9:9; Mark 12:23 (G Tr WH omit; L brackets the clause), 25; Luke 9:26; Luke 16:4, 9; Luke 17:10; John 4:25; John 7:31; John 13:19; John 14:29; John 15:26; John 16:4, 13, 21; John 21:18; Acts 23:35; Acts 24:22; Romans 11:27; 1 Corinthians 15:24 (here L T Tr WH present),
c. According to the usage of later authors, a usage, however, not altogether unknown to the more elegant writers (Winers Grammar, 309 (289f); Buttmann, 222f (192f); (Tdf. Proleg., p. 124f; WHs Appendix, p. 171; for examples additional to these given by Winers Grammar, and Buttmann, as above see Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word; cf. Jebb in Vincent and Dickson's Handbook to Modern Greek, Appendix, § 78)), with the indicative; α. future: when (Matthew 5:11 Tdf.); Luke 13:28 T Tr text WH marginal reading; (1 Timothy 5:11 L marginal reading); as often as, Revelation 4:9 (cf. Bleek ad loc.). β. present: Mark 11:25 L T Tr WH; Mark 13:7 Tr text; (Luke 11:2 Tr marginal reading). γ. very rarely indeed, with the imperfect: as often as, (whensoever), ὅταν ἐθεώρουν, Mark 3:11 (Genesis 38:9; Exodus 17:11; 1 Samuel 17:34; see ἄν, II. 1). δ. As in Byzantine authors equivalent to ὅτε, when, with the indicative aorist: ὅταν ἤνοιξεν, Revelation 8:1 L T Tr WH; (add ὅταν ὀψέ ἐγένετο, Mark 11:19 T Tr text WH, cf. Buttmann, 223 (193); but others take this of customary action, whenever evening came (i. e. every evening, R. V.)). ὅταν, does not occur in the Epistles of Peter and Jude.
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(for ὅτ᾿ ἄν = ὅτε ἄν ), temporal particle, with a conditional sense, usually of things expected to occur in an indefinite future;
1. prop., whenever;
(a) c. subjc. praes.: Matthew 6:2; Matthew 6:5, Mark 14:7, Luke 11:36, John 7:27, Acts 23:35, 1 Corinthians 3:4, al.; ἕως τ . ἡμέρας ἐκείνης , ὅ , Matthew 26:29, Mark 14:25; seq. τότε , 1 Thessalonians 5:3;
(b) c. subjc. aor. (M, Pr., 185) : Matthew 5:11, Mark 4:15, Luke 6:22, John 2:10; John 8:28 (Field, Notes, 94), 104, al.
2. As in Hom. (LS, s.v.), but not in cl. prose, c. indic., when (M, Pr., 167 f.; 131., § 65, 9): c. impf., Mark 3:11 (cf. Genesis 38:9, al.); c. praes., Mark 11:25; c. fut., Revelation 4:9 (Swete, in l); c. aor., Mark 11:19, Revelation 8:1 (Swete, in ll.; M, Pr., 168, 248; Field, Notes, 35).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";injunction,"; ";command"; : P Lond 1231.16 (A.D. 144) (= III. p. 109) ὅπως ̣ ἔχ [ω ]ν ἔγ ̣ραπτον παρ ̣α ̣γ ̣γ ̣ελείαν πρόνο ̣ιαν ποιησῆται τῆς γε [ωρ ]γείας τῶν ̣ [ἀρου ]ρῶν αὐτ [ός, and P Oxy XII. 1411.16 (A.D. 260) εἰ μὴ πειθαρχήσιαν τῇδε τ [ῇ παρ ]αγγελίᾳ, πειραθήσονται, . . .";if they disobey this injunction, they will experience the penalties. . ."; (Edd.).
For the more technical meaning, a ";summons"; to appear in court, cf. P Oxy III. 484.18 (A.D. 138) ὅπως ἔχων ἔγγραπτον παραγγελίαν παραγένηται ὅπου ἐὰν ὁ κράτιστος ἡγεμὼν. . . ἐπ᾽ ἀγαθῷ τὸν νομὸν διαλογίζηται, ";in order that he may have a written notice and appear wherever his highness the praefect holds his auspicious court for the nome"; (Edd.). The NT usage is discussed by Milligan, Thess, p. 47.
Παράγγελμα may be illustrated from P Amh II. 50.5 (B.C. 106) ἐκ τοῦ παραγγέλ (ματος), ";in accordance with the summons"; : see Archiv ii. p. 123 and cf. P Lond 904.36 (A.D. 104) (= III. p. 126, Chrest. I. p. 237).
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