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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3703 - ὀπώρα
- the season which succeeds summer, from the rising of Sirius to that of Arcturus, i.e. from late summer, early autumn, our dog days
- ripe fruits (of trees)
Ion. ὀπώρ-η, ἡ: sts. ὁπώρα, cf. χεῖμα χὠπώραν, i.e. καὶ ὁπ-, Alcm. 76 (χειμάχωι πάραν, etc. codd.); pr. nn. Ὁπωρίς IG 5(1).1497, Hopora CIL 6.21782; cf. μεθόπωρον, μεθοπωρινός: —
I the part of the year between the rising of Sirius and of Arcturus (i.e. the last days of July, all Aug., and part of Sept.), the latter part of summer; Hom. names θέρος and ὀπώρη together, θέρος τεθαλυῖά τ' ὀπώρη Od. 11.192; Σείριος being the star of ὀπώρη, Il. 22.27; cf. ὀπωρινός. — In later times it became the name of a definite season, autumn (v. ὥρα 1.1 c), but was still used sts. to denote summer (autumn being distd. as φθινόπωρον or μετόπωρον), ἀρξάμενος ἀπὸ τοῦ ἠρινοῦ χρόνου πρὸ ὀπώρας X. HG 3.2.10, cf. Ar. Av. 709, Arist. Mete. 348a1; ἐπ' ὀκτὼ μῆνας Κυρηναίους ὀπώρη ἐπέχει Hdt. 4.199; νέας δ' ὀπώρας ἡνίκ' ἂν ξανθῇ στάχυς A. Fr. 304.7.
II fruit, γλαυκῆς ὀπώρας.. ποτοῦ χυθέντος.. Βακχίας ἀπ' ἀμπέλου S. Tr. 703; τέμνεται βλαστουμένη καλῶς ὀ. Id. Fr. 255.8; σικυούς, βότρυς, ὀπώραν Ar. Fr. 569.1: so in Prose, X. HG 2.4.25, Pl. Lg. 844d, 845c, Arist. HA 606b2, 629a2: in this sense also in pl., Isa 11.43; Alcm. (75) even calls honey κηρίνα ὀπώρα; ἐαρινὴ ὀπώρα Alciphr. Fr. 6.10.
III metaph., life's summer, the time of youthful ripeness, Pi. I. 2.5; τέρειναν ματέρ' οἰνάνθας ὀπώραν (v. οἰνάνθη) Id. N. 5.6; ripe virginity, A. Supp. 998, 1015; ὀ. Κύπριδος Chaerem. 12.
ὀπώρα, ὀπωρας, ἡ (derived by some from ὄπις (cf. ὀπίσω), έ῾τομαι, and ὥρα; hence, the time that follows the ὥρα (Curtius, § 522); by others from ὀπός (cf. our sap) juice, and ὥρα, i. e. the time of juicy fruits, the time when fruits become ripe), from Homer down;
1. "the season which succeeds θέρος, from the rising of Sirius to that of Arcturus," i. e. late summer, early autumn, our dog-days (the year being divided into seven seasons as follows: ἔαρ, θέρος, ὀπώρα, φθινόπωρον, σπορητός, χειμών, φυταλία).
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ὀπώρα , -ας , ἡ ,
[in LXX: Jeremiah 48:32; Jeremiah 40:10; Jeremiah 40:12 (H7019) *;]
1. late summer, early autumn (the time between the risings of Sirius and Arcturus, i.e. late July, all August and early September).
2. By meton. (as being fruit-time), ripe fruits Revelation 18:14 (cf. φθινοπωρινά , Judges 1:12).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
a late form of πάγη (from πήγνυμι), ";snare,"; ";trap"; (Luke 21:34 al.) occurs in a v/A.D. Christian epitaph, Kaibel 421.3f.—
καὶ γοερὰς παγίδας προὔφυγον ἀμπλακίης.
For the form πακίς in the LXX, see Thackeray, Gr. i. p. 102.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.