the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3631 - οἶνος
- metaph. fiery wine of God's wrath
1. wine, μέλας οἶ. (cf. οἶνοψ) Od. 5.265, 9.196; ἐρυθρός 5.165, 9.163; αἶθοψ Il. 1.462, 4.259; ἡδύς Od. 2.349, 9.204; ἡδύποτος 15.507; μελιηδής Il. 4.346, al.; μελίφρων 6.264; παλαιός Od. 2.340, Pi. O. 9.48, cf. Simon. 75; οἴνους παλαιοὺς εὐώδεις X. An. 4.4.9; ἐΰφρων Il. 3.246; εὐήνωρ Od. 4.622; οἶνον ἔμισγον ἐνὶ κρητῆρσι καὶ ὕδωρ 1.110: with Preps., ἐν οἴνῳ over one's cups, Ar. Lys. 1227, Call. Epigr. 23.8; παρ' οἴνῳ S. OT 780; παρ' οἶνον Plu. 2.143d; μετὰ παιδιᾶς καὶ οἴ. Th. 6.28: also in pl., ἡ ἐν τοῖς οἴ. διατριβή Pl. Lg. 641c, 645c; ἐπ' οἴνοις Pherecr. 153.9: pl. also, οἶνοι, wines, X.l.c., Pl. R. 573a,al.; οἶνος δωδεκάδραχμος wine at 12 drachmae the cask, D. 42.20: prov., οἶ. τῷ φρονεῖν ἐπισκοτεῖ Eub. 135; οἶνος καὶ ἀλάθεα (v. ἀλήθεια), in vino veritas, Alc. 57, Theoc. 29.1; οἶνος.. ἀληθής Pl. Smp. 217e; οἴνῳ τὸν οἶ. ἐξελαύνειν 'to take a hair of the dog that bit you', Antiph. 300.1: οἶνος Isafreq. omitted, πίνεὶν πολύν (sc. οἶνον) E. Cyc. 569, Theoc. 18.11; esp. with names of places, Θάσιος, Χῖος, etc., Eub. 124, 125, 126: resin was used as a preservative, πισσίτης οἶ. Plu. 2.676c.
2. fermented juice of other kinds, οἶνος ἐκ κριθέων πεποιημένος barley wine, a kind of beer, Hdt. 2.77; οἶ. φοινικήϊος palm -wine, ib. 86, cf. 1.193; lotus-wine, Id. 4.177, etc.; from which drinks grape -wine (οἶ. ἀμπέλινος) is expressly distd., Id. 2.60.
II the wine-market, τρέχ' ἐς τὸν οἶ. Ar. Fr. 299.
III name of Dionysus, Orph. Fr. 216. (ϝοῖνος Leg.Gort. 10.39, Inscr.Cypr. 148H.; cf. Lat. vinum. [*]
οἶνος, οἴνου, ὁ (from Homer down), the Sept. for יַיִן, also for תִּירושׁ (must, new wine), חֶמֶר, etc.; wine;
a. properly: Matthew 9:17; (xxvii. 34 L text T Tr WH); Mark 15:23; Luke 1:15; John 2:3; Romans 14:21; Ephesians 5:18; 1 Timothy 5:23; Revelation 17:2, etc.; οἴνῳ προσέχειν, 1 Timothy 3:8; δουλεύειν, Titus 2:3.
b. metaphorically: οἶνος τοῦ θυμοῦ (see θυμός, 2), fiery wine, which God in his wrath is represented as mixing and giving to those whom he is about to punish by their own folly and madness, Revelation 14:10; Revelation 16:19; Revelation 19:15; with τῆς πορνείας added (cf. Winers Grammar, § 30, 3 N. 1; B. 155 (136)), a love-potion as it were, wine exciting to fornication, which he is said to give who entices others to idolatry, Revelation 14:8; Revelation 18:3 (here L omits; Tr WH brackets οἴνου), and he is said to be drunk with who suffers himself to be enticed, Revelation 17:2.
c. by metonymy, equivalent to a vine: Revelation 6:6.
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οἶνος , -ου , ὁ ,
wine; Matthew 9:17, Luke 1:15, John 2:3, al.; οἴνῳ προσέχειν , 1 Timothy 3:8; δουλοῦσθαι , Titus 2:3. Metaph., Revelation 14:8; Revelation 14:10; Revelation 16:19; Revelation 17:2; Revelation 18:3; Revelation 19:15. By meton. for ἄμπελος , Revelation 6:6.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The meaning of this NT ἅπ. εἰρ. in Revelation 18:21 is doubtful. It is often rendered ";a rush,"; ";a mighty onset,"; as in Deuteronomy 28:49, but Charles (ICC ad l. = II. p. 107 f.) suggests that the meaning is rather ";indignation,"; as in Hosea 5:10 al. See s.v. ὁρμή ad fin.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.