the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #36 - ἀγενής
- ignoble, coward, mean, base, of no family, that is: low born
ἀγεν-ής, ές, (γενέσθαι)
I unborn, uncreated, Pl. Ti. 27c.
II of no family, ignoble, opp. ἀγαθός, S. Fr. 84, cf. POxy. 33 [*] 5.5 (ii A. D.); of things, οὐκ ἀγενεῖς στίχοι Sch. Od. 11.568; cf. AB 336, St.Byz. s.v. Ἀνακτορεία.
III childless, Isaiah 2:10, cf. Harp. (ἄπαις codd.).
ἀγενής, (εος ((οῦς), ὁ, ἡ (γένος), opposed to εὐγενής, of no family, a man of base birth, a man of no name or reputation; often used by secular writers, also in the secondary sense ignoble, cowardly, mean, base. In the N. T. only in 1 Corinthians 1:28, τά ἀγενῆ τοῦ κόσμου i. e. those who among men are held of no account; on the use of a neuter adjective in reference to persons, see Winers Grammar, 178 (167); (Buttmann, 122 (107)).
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* ἀγενής -ές ,
1. unborn (Plat.);
2. of no family, ignoble, base (opp. to ἀγαθός , Soph., Fr., 105): opp. to εὐγενής , 1 Corinthians 1:20 (for exx. from Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Ἀγενής, as opposed to εὐγενής, is well illustrated by P Oxy I. 33v. 5 (late ii/A.D.) where, in a dramatic interview with the Emperor, in all probability M. Aurelius—though Wilcken (Chrest. I. p. 34 f.) decides for Commodus—a certain Appianus, who had been condemned to death, appeals to his nobility (εὐγένεια) in such a way as to lead the Emperor to retort—Φῂς οὖν ὅτι ἡμεῖς ἀγενεῖς ἐσμεν; For the more general sense of ";mean,"; ";base,"; see the verso of the illiterate P Oxy I. 79.3 (not earlier than ii/A.D.), perhaps a school composition (Edd.), μηδὲν ταπινὸν μηδὲ ἀγενὲς. . . πράξῃς. In Syll 855.11 (a dialect inscr. from Delphi, recording the ";sale"; of a slave to the god for freedom—ii/B.C.) εἰ δέ τι Μνασὼ (the slave) πάθοι ἀγενὴς ὑπάρχουσα, τὰ καταλειφθέντα ὑπὸ Μνασῶς Ἀγησιβούλας (the mistress) ἔστω : here ἀγενής must mean ";childless,"; as in the similar phrase in Syll 862.22, an inscr. of the same period, place and subject. The word was used in this sense by Isaeus, according to Harpocration.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.