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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3524 - νηφάλεος

nah-fal'-eh-os, nay-fal'-ee-os
from (G3525)
Parts of Speech
  1. sober, temperate
    1. abstaining from wine, either entirely or at least from its immoderate use
    2. of things free from all wine, as vessels, offerings
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
1 Timothy
NAS (3)
1 Timothy
HCS (3)
1 Timothy
BSB (3)
1 Timothy
ESV (3)
1 Timothy
WEB (3)
1 Timothy
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

νηφᾰλ-έος, α, ον,

= νηφάλιος, Hdn.Gr. 2.908, al.; = σώφρων, Suid., cf. Max.Tyr. 9.3, Agath. 2.3, Sch. Il. 23.398 (Sup.).

Adv. -έως sanely, ξυντελέσαι δόμον Aret. SD 1.6.

νηφᾰλ-ιος, α, ον,

also ος, ον 1 Timothy 3:11, Plu. 2.657c: (νήφω):

I of drink, unmixed with wine, ν. μειλίγματα offerings of water, milk, and honey to the Eumenides, A. Eu. 107; to the Muses and Nymphs, κρατὴρ νηφάλιος Plu. 2.156d; νηφάλιαι εὐχωλαί, θυσίαι, A.R. 4.712, Polem.Hist. 42; ν. βωμοί IG 2.1651 (iv B.C.); νηφάλια καὶ μελίσπονδα θύειν Plu. 2.464c, 672b; τῷ Διονύσῳ πολλάκις ν. θύομεν ib. 132e (prov. of a frugal meal); ν. σπείσω Κύπριδι AP 5.225 (Paul. Sil.); ν. ξύλα wood other than vine twigs, burned in sacrifices, esp. the twigs of the herb θύμος, Philoch. 31, Crates Hist. 5; ν. πόπανον with no wine in it, IG 3.77.18.

II sober, ν. μέθη Ph. 1.16, 2.447; βαθὺ ἡ σιγὴ καὶ νηφάλιον, ἡ δὲ μέθη λάλον Plu. 2.504a; of persons, 1 Timothy 3:2; 1 Timothy 3:11, Titus 2:2, J. AJ 13.12.2. Adv. -ίως, ν. ἔχειν Poll. 6.26.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* νηφάλιος

(-λεος , Rec., in 1Ti, ll. c), -ον (in cl., -α , -ον ),

(< νήφω ),

1. in cl., of drink, not mixed with wine.

2. In later writers (Plut., al.), of persons, sober, temperate: 1 Timothy 3:2; 1 Timothy 3:11, Titus 2:2.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

As illustrating the NT conception of the οἶκος πνευματικός and the οἶκος τοῦ θεοῦ Thieme (p. 31) refers not only to the place which ";the house of God"; had in Jewish religion, but also to the ";holy houses"; of Greek antiquity, as preparing the way for the Christian usage (1 Timothy 3:15, 1 Peter 4:17) : see e.g. Magn 94.3 (ii/B.C.), where a certain Εὔφημος Παυσανίου νεωκόρος is praised for his liberality—εἰς τ ] [ν οἶκ ]ον τ [ὸν ἱερόν, ib. 117.7 (1st half ii/A.D.) τῷ ἱερῷ οἴκῳ τῶν ἐν Κλίδωνι, and Syll 571 (=.3 987) .3, .25 (iv/B.C.), where mention is made of an οἶκος τεμένιος ἱερός in Chios. In Herodas i. 26 οἶκος τῆς θεοῦ refers to Aphrodite. From the fact that a tomb was often dedicated to a local deity, and hence became his ";temple"; or ";home,"; it is natural that οἶκος should be used in inscrr. in the sense of ";tomb,"; as at Cibyra BCH ii. (1878), p. 610 f., and Magnesia ib. xviii. (1894) p. 11 (cited in C. and B. i. p. 100 n..1) : also Kaibel 321.9 (after A.D. 171) καμάτου οἶκον. For οἶκος used in an astrological sense see P Lond 98 recto .1, al. (i/ii A.D.) (= I. p. 127 ff.). The subst. in its ordinary application to ";an inhabited house"; is found in such passages as P Oxy II. 294.10 (A.D. 22) (= Selections, p. 35) ὁ ἐμ [ὸς ] οἶκος ἠραύνητ [αι, ";my house has been searched,"; P Ryl II. 127.9 (A.D. 29) ἐπὶ τῆς θύρας οὗ καταγείνομαι οἴκου ἐν τῷ ἐποικίωι, ";at the door of the house which I inhabit in the farmstead"; (Edd.), and the magical incantation P Oxy VIII. 1152.5 (v/vi A.D.) βοήθι ἡμῖν καὶ τούτῳ οἴκῳ (for τούτῳ without article cf. Acts 24:21). See also the prepositional phrases—ἐν οἴκῳ, ";at home"; (1 Corinthians 11:34), P Lond 42.5 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 30) οἱ ἐν οἴκωι πάντες, P Fay 115.12 (A.D. 101) : ἐξ οἴκου, ";out of the house,"; P Ryl II. 173 (a).11 (A.D. 99) : and ib. 76.10, .12 (late ii/A.D.) where κατ᾽ οἶκον, ";according to households,"; is contrasted with κατὰ πρόσωπον, ";according to individuals."; For a wide sense in which οἶκος is apparently equivalent to πόλις, see the note on P Oxy I. 126.4. For οἴκοθεν = ";suis impensis,"; cf. Syll 737 (=.3 1109).151 (before A.D. 178) παρεχέτω δὲ οἴκοθεν τὸ θερμόλυχνον. See further s.v. οἰκία.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
νηφαλιον νηφάλιον νηφαλιους νηφαλίους nephalion nephálion nēphalion nēphálion nephalious nephalíous nēphalious nēphalíous
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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