the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #351 - ἀνάκρισις
- an examination
- as a law term among the Greeks, the preliminary investigation held for the purposes of gathering evidences for the information of the judges
poet. ἄγκρ-, εως, ἡ, (ἀνακρίνω 11.1)
I examination of the qualifications of magistrates, Poll. 8.85.
II (ἀνακρίνω 11.2) previous examination of parties concerned in a suit, preparation of the matter for trial, X. Smp. 5.2, etc., cf. PSI 4.392 (iii B. C.), OGI 374 (pl.), Acts 25:26; of the magistrate, ἀνάκρισιν διδόναι, παραδιδόναι, Pl. Chrm. 176c, Lg. 855e; of the parties, εἰς ἀνάκρισιν ἥκειν Isaiah 6:13, etc.; μηδ' εἰς ἄγκρισιν ἐλθεῖν, i. e. should not even begin proceedings (where however the Sch. explains ἐς ἄγκρισιν by ἐς μάχην, cf. ἀνακρίνω 111), A. Eu. 364; οὐδ' ἀ. μοι δώσεις you will not allow me the first forms of law, Pl. Chrm. l. c.
III generally, inquiry, examination, Id. Phdr. 277e. preliminary examination of a slave before sale, POxy. 1463.12, etc. examination, testing of magical ingredients, etc., PMag.Par. 1.1992, 2007. quarrel, dispute, Hdt. 8.69; disputation, Phld. Acad.Ind. p.72 M.
ἀνάκρισις, (εως, ἡ, an examination; as a law-term among the Greeks, the preliminary investigation held for the purpose of gathering evidence for the information of the judges (Meier and Schömann, Attic Process, pp. 27 (622; cf. Dict. of Antiq. under the word)); this seems to be the sense of the word in Acts 25:26.
STRONGS NT 351a: ἀνακυλίω ἀνακυλίω:
1. to roll up.
2. to roll back: ἀνακεκυλισται ὁ λίθος, Mark 16:4 T Tr WH. (Alexis in Athen. vi., p. 237 c.; Lucian, de luctu 8; Dionysius Halicarnassus, Plutarch, others.)
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** ἀνά -κρισις , -εως , ἡ ,
[in LXX: 3 Maccabees 7:5 *;]
an examination: spec. of legal preliminary investigation, Acts 25:26 (v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
See on ἀνακρίνω. In OGIS 374 (i/B.C.), which commemorates a certain Papias, a privy councillor and chief physician of Mithradates Eupator, King of Pontus, we find him described as τεταγμένον δὲ καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν ἀνακρίσεων. Dittenberger gives reasons for thinking that ";non tam iudicem quam inquisitorem hoc significat,"; one who presided over the examination of men suspected of conspiracy : cf. Syll 356.38 (B.C. 6), a rescript of Augustus, who says πέπονφα δὲ ὑμεῖν καὶ α [ὐτ ]ὰς τὰς ἀνακρίσεις, the precis of a preliminary inquiry, cf. also Preisigke 1568 Ἀ. τὸν συγγενῆ καὶ κτλ. καὶ ἐπιστράτηγον καὶ πρὸς ταῖς ἀνακρίσεσι (reign of Euergetes II.). The noun occurs again in P Tebt I. 86.1 ff. (late ii/B.C.), where a man is described as ὁ πρὸς τα [ῖς ἀ ]ν ̣α ̣κρίσ ̣εσει. In P Lips I. 4.15 (A.D. 293) the word follows ἀπογραφή, and Mitteis notes that it occurs in P Lond 251 (A.D. 337–50) (= II. p. 317) likewise in connexion with the purchase of a slave : ";since ἀνάκρισις means a preliminary examination (Voruntersuchung), one thinks of a trial made before the purchase of the slave."; Cf. the use of the word in Acts 25:26.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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