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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3431 - μοιχεύω
- to commit adultery
- to be an adulterer
- to commit adultery with, have unlawful intercourse with another's wife
- of the wife: to suffer adultery, be debauched
- A Hebrew idiom, the word is used of those who at a woman's solicitation are drawn away to idolatry, i.e. to the eating of things sacrificed to idols
1. commit adultery with a woman, debauch her, c. acc., Ar. Av. 558, Lys. 1.15, Pl. R. 360b: — Pass., of the woman, Ar. Pax 980 (anap.); μοιχευθῆναί τινι Arist. HA 586a3; μεμοιχεῦσθαι ὑπ' ἀλλήλων, of birds, ib. 619a10.
2. metaph., worship idolatrously, τὸ ξύλον καὶ τὸν λίθον LXX Jeremiah 3:9.
II intr., commit adultery, Xenoph. 11.3; ἐμοίχευσάς τι Ar. Nu. 1076, cf. X. Mem. 2.1.5, Arist. EN 1129b21.
III metaph., in fut. Med. (in pass. sense), οὐ μοιχεύσεταί μου τὰ φιλήματα her kisses shall not be adulterously stolen from me, Ach.Tat. 4.8.
μοιχεύω; future μοιχεύσω; 1 aorist ἐμοίχευσα; passive, present participle μοιχευομένη; 1 aorist infinitive μοιχευθῆναι; (μοιχός); from Aristophanes and Xenophon down; the Sept. for נָאַף; to commit adultery;
b. τινα (γυναῖκα), to commit adultery with, have unlawful intercourse with another's wife: Matthew 5:28 (Deuteronomy 5:18; Leviticus 20:10; Aristophanes av. 558; Plato, rep. 2, p. 360 b.; Lucian, dial. deor. 6, 3; Aristaenet. epistles 1, 20; Aeschines dial. Socrates 2, 14); passive of the wife, to suffer adultery, be debauched: Matthew 5:32a L T Tr WH; (Matthew 19:9 WH marginal reading); John 8:4. By a Hebraism (see μοιχαλίς, b.) tropically, μετά τίνος (γυναικός) μοιχεύειν is used of those who at a woman's solicitation are drawn away to idolatry, i. e. to the eating of things sacrificed to idols, Revelation 2:22; cf. Jeremiah 3:9, etc.
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(< μοιχός ),
[in LXX: Exodus 20:13, Leviticus 20:10, al. (H5003);]
to commit adultery: absol., Matthew 5:27; Matthew 19:18, Mark 10:19, Luke 16:18; Luke 18:20, Romans 2:22; Romans 13:9, James 2:11; c. acc fem., Matthew 5:28. Pass., of the woman, Matthew 5:32; Matthew 19:9 WH, mg.), John 8:4. Metaph., of idolatry (see μιοιχαλίς , and cf. Jeremiah 3:9, a1.), seq. μετ᾿ αὐτῆς , Revelation 2:22.†
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