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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3316 - μεσίτης
- one who intervenes between two, either in order to make or restore peace and friendship, or form a compact, or for ratifying a covenant
- a medium of communication, arbitrator
μεσῑτ-ης, ου, ὁ,
1. mediator, umpire, arbitrator, PLille 28.11 (iii B. C.), Plb. 28.17.8 (pl.), Galatians 3:19, etc.; τῶν ὁμολογιῶν D.S. 4.54; θεοῦ καὶ ἀνθρώπων 1 Timothy 2:5; stakeholder, PStrassb. 1.41.14 (iii A. D.).
2. fem. μεσῖτις, ιδος, fili/as mesi=tin tra/pezan paraqe/menoi Luc. Am. 27; φιλίας μ. ἡδονή ib. 54.
II in a middle position, of a limb, Gal. 18(2).861.
μεσίτης, μεσίτου, ὁ (μέσος), one who intervenes between two, either in order to make or restore peace and friendship, or to form g compact, or for ratifying a covenant: a medium of communication, arbitrator (Vulg. (and A. V.) mediator): ὁ μεσίτης (generic article cf. Winer's Grammar, § 18, 1 under the end), i. e. every mediator, whoever acts as mediator, ἑνός οὐκ ἐστι, does not belong to one party but to two or more, Galatians 3:20. Used of Moses, as one who brought the commands of God to the people of Israel and acted as mediator with God on behalf of the people, Galatians 3:19 (cf. Deuteronomy 5:5; hence, he is called μεσίτης καί διαλλακτής by Philo also, vit. Moys. iii. § 19). Christ is called the μεσίτης Θεοῦ καί ἀνθρώπων, since he interposed by his death and restored the harmony between God and man which human sin had broken, 1 Timothy 2:5; also μεσίτης διαθήκης, Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 12:24. (Polybius 28, 15, 8; Diodorus 4, 54; Philo de somn. i. § 22; Josephus, Antiquities 16, 2, 2; Plutarch, de Isa. et Os. 46; once in the Sept., Job 9:33.) Cf. Fischer, De vitiis lexamples N. T., p. 351ff
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† μεσίτης , -ου , ὁ
(< μέσος ),
[in LXX: Job 9:33 (H996)*;]
an arbitrator, mediator: Galatians 3:19; c. dupl. gen. pers., θεοῦ κ . ἀνθρώπων , 1 Timothy 2:5; c. gen. rei, διαθήκης , Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 12:24; ὁ δε μ . ἑνὸς οὐκ ἔστιν , Galatians 3:20 (v. Lft., in l; and for exx. of this word in Papyri, v. MM, xvi).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This proper name (Acts 21:16), which was common among the Greeks, appears e.g. in P Hib I. 41.8 ( c.B.C. 261) ἀπεστ [άλκ ]αμεν πρὸς σὲ Μνάσωνα [τὸ ]ν δοκιμαστὴν μετὰ φυ [λα ]κῆς, ";I have sent to you Mnason the controller under guard"; (Edd.). On the reading of Cod. Beza (D) in Ac l.c. which elucidates the narrative, see Knowling EGT ad l.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.