the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3087 - λυχνία
- a (candlestick) lamp stand, candelabrum
lampstand, SIG 1106.118 (Cos, iv/iii B. C.), IG 11(2).161 C 66,68 (Delos, iii B. C.), LXX Exodus 25:30(31), al., PGrenf. 1.14.6 (ii B. C.), Matthew 5:15, Plu. Dio 9, Luc. Asin. 40, etc.: condemned by Phryn. 289.
λυχνία, λυχνίας, ἡ, a later Greek word for the earlier λυχνίον, see Lob. ad Phryn., p. 313f; (Wetstein (1752) on Matthew 5:15; Winers Grammar, 24); the Sept. for מְנורָה; a (candlestick) lampstand, candelabrum: Matthew 5:15; Mark 4:21; Luke 8:16; (Luke 11:33); Hebrews 9:2; the two eminent prophets who will precede Christ's return from heaven in glory are likened to 'candlesticks,' Revelation 11:4 (Buttmann, 81 (70); Winer's Grammar, 536 (499)); to the seven 'candlesticks' (Exodus 25:37 (A. V. lamps; cf. B. D. (especially the American edition), under the word
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λυχνία , -ας , ἡ
(vulgar form of λυχνίον = λυχνοῦχος ; v. Kennedy, Sources, 40),
[in LXX for H4501 (Exodus 25:31; Exodus 40:4, al.);]
a lampstand: Matthew 5:15, Mark 4:21, Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33; of that in the Tabernacle, Hebrews 9:2; metaph., of the two witnesses, Revelation 11:4; of the seven churches of Asia, Revelation 1:12-13; Revelation 1:20; Revelation 2:1; of the removal of a church from its position, κινεῖν τ . λυχνίαν κ .τ .λ ., Revelation 2:5.†
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λυχνία is another form of λυχνεῖον, ";lamp-stand,"; which in later Greek passed from the vernacular into the LXX and NT : cf. Lob. Phryn. p. 313 f. λυχνίαν ἀντὶ τοῦ λύχνιον (λέγε), ὡς ἡ κωμῳδία. If we may amend the editor’s accent in keeping with the context, λυχνία is found as early as B.C. 284–3 m P Eleph 5.7 λυχνία (instead of λύχνια) σιδηρᾶ α ̄, and Mayser (Gr. p. 425) quotes it in Asia Minor before B.C. 243, e.g. CIG II. 2852.14, .61 (Didym.) : see also OGIS 214.13 (B.C. 240) τήν τε λυχνίαν τὴν μεγάλην, .60λυχνία χαλκῆ μεγάλη, and cf. Cos 36 d..7 (= Syll 734.118) λυχνίας δύο, κα [ὶ ] λύχνους χαλκοῦς ἑπταπύρους δύο, ";two stands for lamps, and two bronze lamps with seven wicks"; (Edd.). Other exx. from the papyri are P Lond 402.17 (B.C. 152 or 141) (= II. p. 11) λυχνίαν, P Oxy IV. 736.91 (c. A.D. I) κόλλητρα λυχνίας (ὀβολοὶ δύο) (ἡμιωβέλιον), ";cost of tinkering a lamp-stand 2½ ob.,"; P Tebt II. 414.19 (ii/A.D.) τὸν σκύφον καὶ τὴν λυχνίαν καὶ τὸ σφυρίδιν, ";the can, the lamp-stand, the little basket,"; ib. 416.12 (c. A.D. 266) λυχνεία τελεία σὺν ἔρωτι καὶ λυχ [νί ]ῳ, ";a complete lamp-stand with a Cupid and lamp"; (Edd.), and P Grenf II. 111.18 f. (inventory of church property—v/vi A.D.) λυχνίαι χαλκ (αῖ) δ ̄, λυχνίαι σιδηρ (αῖ) β ̄. In connexion with the Hebrew tombs in Phrygia, Sir W. M. Ramsay mentions (Exp T xxvi. p. 173) that only in one case has he seen the characteristically Hebrew symbol of the seven-branched candlestick, namely C. and B. ii. p. 651 f., No. 561, where it is found beneath the inscr. ὑπὲρ εὐχῆ πάση τῇ πατρίδι.We may add the Alexandrian inscr. preisigke 369 Ἰούδα with the same symbol reproduced below.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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