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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #29 - ἀγγαρεύω

of foreign origin, cf (H104)
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  1. to employ a courier, dispatch a mounted messenger, press into public service, compel to go
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
NAS (5)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
HCS (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
BSB (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
ESV (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
WEB (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


press one to serve as an ἄγγαρος,

generally, press into service, Matthew 5:41; Matthew 27:32, OGI 665.24; κτήνη, πλοῖα PTeb. 5.182, 252 (ii B. C.), cf. PPetr. 2p.64 (iii B. C.): Pass., to be pressed into service, Men. 440: metaph., to be constrained, Procop. Arc. 13.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀγγαρεύω; future ἀγγαρεύσω; 1 aorist ἠγγάρευσα; to employ a courier, despatch a mounted messenger. A word of Persian origin (used by Menander, Sicyon. 4), but adopted also into Latin (Vulg. angariare). Ἄγγαροι were public couriers (tabellarii), stationed by appointment of the king of Persia at fixed localities, with horses ready for use, in order to transmit royal messages from one to another and so convey them the more speedily to their destination. See Herodotus 8, 98 (and Rawlinson's note); Xenophon, Cyril 8, 6, 17 (9); cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus under the word אִגֶרֶת; (B. D. under the word ; Vanicek, Fremdwörter under the word ἄγγαρος). These couriers had authority to press into their service, in case of need, horses, vessels, even men they met (cf. Josephus, Antiquities 13, 2, 3). Hence, ἀγγαρεύειν τινα denotes to compel one to go a journey, to hear a burden, or to perform any other service: Matthew 5:41 (ὅστις σε ἀγγαρεύσει μίλιον ἕν i. e. whoever shall compel thee to go one mile); Matthew 27:32 (ἠγγάρευσαν ἵνα ἄρῃ i. e. they forced him to carry), so Mark 15:21.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἀγγαρεύω

(from the Persian; cf. Vg. angiare, and the Heb. H104; on the orthogr., v. B1., § 6, 1; M, Pr., 46), to impress into public service, employ a courier; hence, to compel to perform a service (prob. common in the vernac.; cf. Deiss., BS, 86 f., MM, Exp., iv; VGT, s.v.): Matthew 5:41 Matthew 27:32, Mark 15:21.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Ptolemaic examples of this interesting old Persian word are P Petr II. 20iv. 5 (B.C. 252) τοῦ. . . λέμβου. . . ἀγγαρευθέντος ὑπὸ σοῦ with reference to a ";post boat,"; and P Tebt I. 5.182, .252 (B.C. 118) where for the editors’ ἐπαρετεῖν Wilcken (Archiv iii. p. 325) reads ἐγγαρεύειν. From A.D. 42 add P Lond 1171 (c).2 ( = III. p. 107) μηδενὶ ἐξέστω ἐνγαρεύειν τοὺς ἐπὶ τῆς χώρας —a prefect’s rescript. Cf. BGU I. 21iii. 16 (A.D. 340) οἴνου ἐνγαρίας, and from the inscriptions Syll 932.54 (beginning of iii/A.D.) ἀνγαρειῶν ἄνεσιν with Dittenberger’s note, ";vehicula cursus publici ponderosissima et lentissima, quae bubus vehebantur (cursus clabularis Cod Theod. VI. 29, 5, 1, VIII. 5, 11), angariarum nomine utebantur."; Herwerden Lex. cites a form ἀνενγάρευτος = ἀναγγάρευτος, from an inscr. which Mayser (p. 56) refers to Arch. Zeit. 1890, p. 59. See further Zahn Intr. i. p. 66, Deissmann BS p. 86 f., and Rostowzew ";Angariae"; in Klio vi. (1906) p. 249 ff. For the spelling with . in Mark 15:21 א* B* Deissmann (BS p. 182) compares BGU I. 21iii. 16 (A.D. 340—coeval with the MSS.) ἐνγαρίας. The noun ἄγγαρος appears in Greek as early as Æschylus Agam. 282 ἀγγάρου πυρός, ";the courier flame"; : it is probably the Iranian cognate of ἄγγελος. It survives in vernacular MGr ἀγγαρεμένος, ";put to compulsory labour"; (Thumb Handbook, p. 315). In his note on P Lond IV. 1376.1 (A.D. 711) the editor suggests that in the late Aphrodito papyri ἀγγαρευτής is used in the general sense of ";foreman,"; ";superintendent.";

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγγαρεύουσι αγγαρευουσιν ἀγγαρεύουσιν αγγαρευσει ἀγγαρεύσει ηγγαρευσαν ηγγάρευσαν ἠγγάρευσαν angareuousin angareúousin angareusei angareúsei engareusan engáreusan ēngareusan ēngáreusan