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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2849 - κολάζω

from kolos (dwarf)
Parts of Speech
  1. to lop or prune, as trees and wings
  2. to curb, check, restrain
  3. to chastise, correct, punishment
  4. to cause to be punished
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
2 Peter
NAS (2)
2 Peter
HCS (2)
2 Peter
BSB (2)
2 Peter
ESV (2)
2 Peter
WEB (2)
2 Peter
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


1. fut. κολάσω And. 1.136, Lys. 31.29, X. Cyr. 7.5.8, Pl. Lg. 714d, etc.: aor. ἐκόλασα Ar. V. 927, Th. 3.40: Med., fut. κολάσομαι Theopomp.Com. 27, X. HG 1.7.19; twice contr. in Ar., 2 sg. κολᾷ Eq. 456, part. κολωμένους V. 244: aor. ἐκολασάμην Th. 6.78, Pl. Mx. 240d: Pass., fut. - ασθήσομαι Th. 2.87, etc.: aor. ἐκολάσθην Id. 7.68: pf. κεκόλασμαι Antipho 3.4.8, D. 20.139: check, chastise, τὰς ἐπιθυμίας Pl. Grg. 491e; τὸ πλεονάζον Plu. 2.663e, etc.; τὴν ἀμετρίαν Gal. 6.29: Pass., to be corrected, τὸ ἐν μέλιτι χολῶδες -άζεται Hp. Acut. 59, cf. X. Oec. 20.12: pf. part. Pass., chastened, εὐπειθὲς καὶ κεκολ. Arist. EN 1119b12; δίαιτα Luc. Herm. 86; ῥήτωρ κεκ. Poll. 6.149; ἰσχὺς κ. ἐς ῥυθμούς Philostr. VS 1.17.3; also of an athlete, ἀπέριττος τὰ μυώδη καὶ μὴ κεκ. Id. Gym. 31.

2. chastise, punish, τινα E. Ba. 1322, Ar. Numbers 7:1-89, etc.; τὰ σέμν' ἔπη κόλαζ' ἐκείνους use your proud words in reproving them, S. Aj. 1108: c. dat. modi, λόγοις κ. τινά ib. 1160; θανάτῳ E. Hel. 1172, Lys. 28.3; πληγαῖς, τιμωρίαις, Pl. Lg. 784d, Isoc. 1.50; ἀτιμίαις Pl. Plt. 309a: Med., get a person punished, Ar. V. 406, Pl. Prt. 324c, v.l. X. Cyr. 1.2.7: Pass., to be punished, etc., Antipho 3.3.7, X. Cyr. 5.2.1, etc.; of divine retribution, Plu. 2.566e; suffer injury, Ael. NA 3.24.

3. of a drastic method of checking the growth of the almond-tree, Thphr. HP 2.7.6: Pass., Id. CP 1.18.9; cf. κόλασις 1.

4. Pass. c. gen., to be badly in need of, PFay. 120.5 (i/ii A.D.), cf. 115.19 (ii A.D.), BGU 249.4 (ii A.D.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< κόλος , docked),

[in LXX: Daniel 6:12 (13) (no Heb.), 1 Esdras 8:24, Wisdom of Solomon 3:4 (and freq.), 1 Maccabees 7:7, al.;]

1. to curtail, dock, prune.

2. to check, restrain.

3. to chastise, correct, punish: pass., 2 Peter 2:9; mid., cause to be punished (3 Maccabees 7:3): Acts 4:21.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Fay 120.5 (c. A.D. 100) εὖ πυήσις π [ ]μσ [ις ] μυ θρ [ ]νακες δύωι καὶ λικμητρίδε ̣ς δύωι καὶ πτύν (l. πτύον) ἕν, ἐπὶ κ [ο ]λάζωμαι (l. ομαι) αὐτῶν, the editors translate ";please send me two forks and two shovels and a winnowing-fan, as I am feeling the want of them,"; and so in ib, 115.19 (A.D. 101), a letter by the same illiterate writer, where the object is not expressed. The word occurs with the same meaning in BGU I. 249.4 (ii/A.D.) ἔγραψά σοι, ἵνα δύο ἀρτάβαι σει [ταρίου ] ἰδισθῶσί μοι (l. ἰδιασθῶσί μοι) ἐπεὶ λείαν ἐκολάσθημεν, which gives us independent authority. The meaning ";cut short,"; which the presumable connexion with κόλος and κολούω would suggest, seems to be the original sense of the word. In the Paris Thesaurus we find quotations for the meaning ";prune"; (κόλασις τῶν δένδρων), and a number of late passages where the verb denotes ";correcting,"; ";cutting down"; a superfluity. Thus Galen ad Galatians 1:1-24 τὰ γὰρ ἐναντία τῶν ἐναντίων ἰάματά ἐστι, κολάζοντα μὲν τὸ ὑπερβάλλον. Of course this may be a derived sense, like that of castigo and of our ";correct,"; but in any case it is clearly a familiar sense during the NT period, and we cannot leave it out of consideration when we examine this very important word. For the meaning ";punish,"; as in Acts 4:21, 2 Peter 2:9, 3 Maccabees 7:3, we may cite a Prefect’s decree of A.D. 133–7, PSI V. 446.14, in which he threatens to punish sharply soldiers making illegal requisitions—ὡς [ἐμ ]οῦ κο [λ ]άσοντος ἐρρωμένως ἐάν τις α ́λῷ κτλ. : cf. BGU I. 341.14 (ii/A.D.) π ]αρεστάθησαν καὶ ἐκολάσθησα ̣[ν, P Ryl II. 62.9 (iii/A.D.), the translation of an unknown Latin work, ἀγρυπνεῖται καὶ κολάζεται [καὶ τι ]μωρεῖται καὶ παρηγορεῖται, and from the inscrr. OGJS 90.28 (Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) πάντας ἐκόλασεν καθηκόντως. See also Aristeas 208 ὅθεν οὔτε εὐκόπως δεῖ κολάζειν οὔτε αἰκίαις περιβάλλειν, ";thou must not therefore on slight provocation punish or subject men to injuries"; (Thackeray).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κολαζομενους κολαζομένους κολάσονται κολασωνται κολάσωνται kolasontai kolasōntai kolásontai kolásōntai kolazomenous kolazoménous
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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