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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2825 - κλίνη
- a small bed, a couch
- a couch to recline on at meals
- a couch on which a sick man is carried
κλῑν-η, ἡ, (κλίνω)
1. that on which one lies, couch, used at meals or for a bed, ἐν κλίνῃ κλῖναί τινας Hdt. 9.16, cf. Ar. Ach. 1090; κλίνην στρῶσαι to make up a couch, Hdt. 6.139, X. Cyr. 8.2.6, IG 22.1315; ἐπὶ κλίνης φερόμενος And. 1.61, cf. SIG 1169.31 (Epid.); ἐκ κλίνης ἀνίστασθαι, after illness, And. 1.64; κ. μιλησιουργὴς ἀμφικέφαλος IG 12.330; κ. ἐπίχρυσοι καὶ ἐπάργυροι Hdt. 1.50, 9.80; κ. ἐλεφαντόποδες Pl.Com. 208.
2. bier, Th. 2.34, Pl. Lg. 947b, IG 12(5).593.6 (Ceos, v B.C.).
3. grave-niche, ib.14.788 (Naples), 871 (Cumae).
1. ἱερὰ κ., = Lat. lectisternium, POxy. 1144.6 (i/ii A.D.), cf. PGnom. 202 (ii A.D.); κ. τοῦ κυρίου Σαράπιδος, of a ceremonial banquet, POxy. 110.2 (ii A.D.).
2. generally, banquet, PSI 5.483.2 (pl., iii B.C.).
κλίνη, κλίνης, ἡ (κλίνω); from Herodotus down; the Sept. for מִטָּה, also for עֶרֶשׁ; a bed: universally, Mark 7:30; Luke 17:34; a couch to recline on at meals, Mark 4:21; Mark 7:4 (T WH omit); Luke 8:16; a couch on which a sick man is carried, Matthew 9:2, 6; Luke 5:18; plural Acts 5:15 R G; βάλλειν εἰς κλίνην, to cast into a bed, i. e. to afflict with disease, Revelation 2:22.
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κλίνη , -ης , ἡ
(< κλίνω ),
[in LXX chiefly for H4296;]
a bed, couch: Matthew 9:2; Matthew 9:6, Mark 4:21; Mark 7:4; Mark 7:30, Luke 5:18; Luke 8:16; Luke 17:34, Revelation 2:22 (cf. MM, Exp., xv).†
* κλινάριον , -ου , τό ,
dimin, of κλίνη ,
a couch: Acts 5:15 (cf. κλινίδιον ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
An interesting parallel to 1 Corinthians 8:10; 1 Corinthians 10:21, is afforded by P Oxy I. 110.2 (ii/A.D.) ἐρωτᾷ σε Χαιρήμων δειπνῆσαι εἰς κλείνην τοῦ κυρίου Σαράπιδος ἐν τῷ Σαραπείῳ αὔριον, ἥτις ἐστὶν ι ̄ε ̄, ἀπὸ ὥρας θ ̄, where the nature of the invitation points to a ceremonial rather than to a private feast : cf. ib. XII. 1484 (ii/iii A.D.), and see Wilcken Archiv iv. p. 211, Otto Preiester ii. p. 16. See also the temple-account P Oxy VIII. 1144 (i/ii A.D.) δ ̣α ̣π ̣α ̣νης ἱερᾶς κλει ̣[νης ] ἕως ι ̣̄ζ ̣̄ (δραχμαὶ) ι ̄δ ̄, where the editor notes that ἱερ. κλ. = lectisternii. In ib. III. 523 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 97) the meal takes place not in a temple, but in the house of Claudius Serapion—ἐν τοῖς (cf. Luke 2:49) Κλαυδ (ίου) Σαραπίω (νος), where the difficulty of avoiding the εἰδωλόθυτον must have been specially great if the Christian was not to shun all social intercourse with heathen neighbours. In Syll 877.21 (c. B.C. 420) the word occurs (ex suppl.) meaning ";bier,"; as in Thucydifies and Plato. Had we later authority, it would be tempting to apply this in Revelation 2:22. [Charles (Studies in the Apocalypse, p. 98 ff.) understands κλίνη here = ";bed of illness or suffering"; in accordance with Heb. idiom : cf. Judith 8:8.]
In a will of B.C. 123 preserved, in the Gizeh-Museum (Inv. Nr. 103.88), and published by GH in Archiv i. p. 63 ff., the testator leaves practically the whole of his property to his wife, while his two sons receive nothing but a bed apiece (or perhaps a mattress and bed jointly)—.5 πλὴν στρώματος ἑνὸς καὶ κλείνης τορυνευτῆς α ̄. The inequality of the disposition leads the editors to remark that ";the bequest of a bed may well have been the Egyptian method of cutting off with a shilling.";
With this rare word (Acts 5:15) we may compare the adj. κλινήρης, ";bed-ridden,"; in P Oxy VI. 896.33 (A.D. 316) ὁρ ̣ῶμε [ν αὐτὸ ]ν ̣ το [ῦτ ]ον κ ̣λ ̣ε ̣[ινή ]ρ ̣η ̣ν ̣ ὄντα πυραιτίοις. . . συνεχ ̣[όμενον, ";we saw the man himself lying on a bed seized with a slight fever"; (Edd.). The same phrase occurs in the corresponding passage of ib. 983 : cf. BGU I. 45.14 (A.D. 203) πληγαῖς πλείσταις αὐτὸν ᾔκι ̣ζ ̣ο ̣ν καὶ ἐκ τούτου κλεινήρν γεγονέναι.
[Supplemental from 1930 edition]
For this rare dim. (Acts 5:15) cf. PSI VI. 616.14 (iii/B.C.) τὰ κλινάρια, and see JBL xlv. (1926), p 201.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.