the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2658 - καταντάω
- to come to, arrive
- to come to a place over against, opposite another
- metaph. to attain to a thing
1. come down to, arrive, εἰς τὰ βασίλεια, ἐπὶ κοίτην, D.S. 4.52, 3.27, cf. PTeb. 59.3 (i B.C.), etc.: metaph., ἐπὶ τὴν φυσικὴν ὁδόν Vett.Val. 259.3, cf. 185.16, 251.30.
2. in a speech or narrative, come to, arrive at a point, εἰς τὴν ἔκπτωσιν Plb. 4.1.8; ἐπί τινας λογισμούς Id. 10.37.3; κ. ἐπὶ τὸν ὅρκον D.S. 1.79, cf. J AJ 3.10.4, etc.; have recourse to, ἐπὶ [ τὴν ἡδονήν ] Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.63U.; ἐπὶ τὰ δάκρυα Phld. Lib. p.62 O.
3. of persons, κ. εἰς ἑαυτούς attack, commence hostilities against each other, Plb. 30.11.3.
4. of events, come upon, πᾶς δ' ἀγὼν ἐπ' ἐμὲ κατήντα Alex. 261.13; κ. εἴς τινα affect him, Phld. Ir. p.83 W.; of blood-guiltiness, fall, ἐπὶ κεφαλήν τινος LXX 2 Ki. 3.29. turn out, result, ποῦ καταντήσει πάλιν Plb. 6.4.12; τὸ πρᾶγμα κ. εἰς ὑπόνοιαν D.S. 1.37; εἰς τὸ μηδέν Plb. 4.34.2; so of numbers, to be reduced, εἰς μόνους ἄνδρας δέκα BGU 903.14 (ii A.D.), etc.
5. of an inheritance, κ. εἴς τινα fall to one's share, 1 Corinthians 10:11, POxy. 75 (ii A.D.), etc.
II trans., make to come back, bring back, τινα Palaeph. 2; εἰς ἑαυτὸν τὴν ἀρχιερωσύνην LXX 2 Maccabees 4:24 (so intr. in pf., return, εἰς τὸν αὐτὸν κατηντηκέναι βίον BGU 1101.5 (i B.C.)).
καταντάω, κατάντω: 1 aorist κατήντησα; perfect κατήντηκα (1 Corinthians 10:11 L T Tr WH); to come to, arrive at;
a. properly: followed by εἰς with the accusative of place, Acts 16:1; Acts 18:19, 24; Acts 21:7; Acts 25:13; Acts 27:12; Acts 28:13 (2 Macc. 4:44); ἀντικρύ τίνος, to a place over against, opposite another, Acts 20:15; εἰς τινα τά τέλη τῶν αἰώνων κατήντηκεν, i. e. whose lifetime occurs at the ends of the ages, 1 Corinthians 10:11.
b. metaphorically, εἰς τί, like the Latinad aliquid pervenio, i. e. to attain to a thing: Acts 26:7; Ephesians 4:13; Philippians 3:11; κάταντα τί εἰς τινα, to one, that he may become partaker of it, 1 Corinthians 14:36. (Polybius, Diodorus; ecclesiastical writings.)
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† κατ -αντάω , -ῶ ,
[in LXX: 2 Samuel 3:29 (H2342), 2 Maccabees 4:21; 2 Maccabees 4:24; 2 Maccabees 4:44; 2 Maccabees 6:14 *;]
to come to, arrive at: seq. εἰς , c. acc loc., Acts 16:1; Acts 18:19; Acts 18:24; Acts 21:7; Acts 25:13 (v. M, Pr., 132) Acts 27:12; Acts 28:13; seq. ἀντικρύ , c. gen., Acts 20:15. Metaph., seq. εἰς , c. acc pers., 1 Corinthians 10:11; 1 Corinthians 14:36; id. c. acc rei, to attain to: Acts 26:7, Ephesians 4:13, Philippians 3:11.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Καταντᾶν εἰς in the legal sense of property ";descending to"; an heir is very common, e.g. BGU IV. 1169.21 (B.C. 10) ἧσπερ μετηλλαχυίας κατήντηκεν ἰς αὐτοὺς τὰ ταύτης, P Oxy II. 274.19 (A.D. 89–97) τὰ δὲ προκείμενα αὐτοῦ πατρικ [ὰ ] . . κατήντ (ησεν) εἰς α (ὐτὸν) μετὰ τὴν τ [ο ]ῦ πατ (ρὸς) τελευ [τήν, BGU III. 969.14 (ii/A.D.) εἰς τὸν συνηγορούμενον κατήντηκεν ἡ κτηνοτ [ρ ]οφία In BGU I. 326i. 12, .13 (A.D. 194) καταντῆσαι πρός τινα occurs twice in the same sense. This technical meaning seems very appropriate in 1 Corinthians 10:11 ἡμῶν, εἰς οὓς τὰ τέλη τῶν αἰώνων κατήντηκεν, on which Prof. Findlay’s unconscious comment is—";The Church is the heir of the spiritual training of mankind"; (EGT ad l.). [Dr. Rendel Harris suggests that in this case τὰ τέλη means ";the revenues"; of the ages]. The Tennysonian parallel ";I, the heir of all the ages"; suggests itself at once. In 1 Corinthians 14:36 ἢ εἰς ὑμᾶς μόνους κατήντησεν (ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ); the same sense is probable—";was the gospel your exclusive inheritance?";
Like our descend, the word keeps its ordinary meaning elsewhere. Thus in illustration of its nine-fold occurrence in Acts with reference to travellers reaching their destination we may cite P Tebt I. 59.3 (B.C. 99) καταντήσαντος. . εἰς τὴν πόλιν Σοκονώφεως, P Oxy III. 486.30 (A.D. 131) ἐνθάδε κατήντησα, and Priene 112.97 (after B.C. 84) καταντᾶν εἰς τὸ γυμνάσιον, while P Meyer 3.16 (A.D. 148) ἵν᾽ οὖν. . εὐθέως ἐπὶ τὸν κρά (τιστον) ἐπίτροπ (ον) καταντήσῃς [ἐ ]πέστειλά σοι shows the verb of ";presenting oneself before"; a person. In PSI I. 101.13 (end of ii/A.D.) εἰς μόνους κατηντηκέναι ἄνδρας γ ̄, the reference is to certain taxation which has ";fallen upon"; three men : cf. ib, 102.10, 105.8. The verb is found in MGr = ";come to,"; ";end in,"; as in Abbott Songs xvi. 5 (p. 140) τρελλὸς θὰ καταντήσω, ";I shall end in madness";—a lover’s serenade : cf. κατάντημα, ";end,"; ";goal,"; in LXX Psa. 18꞉7 [MT Psalms 19:6]. The subst. κατάντησις = ";entrance"; occurs in P Hamb I. 4.7 (A.D. 87) κ ̣ατάντησιν εἰς Ἀλεξάνδριαν.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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